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How Do Electric Vehicle (EV) Batteries Work?

How Do Electric Vehicle (EV) Batteries Work?

What is an Electric Vehicle?

In modern times, electric vehicles (EVs) are an up-and-coming transportation option. So, this may lead many to wonder – what is an electric vehicle? Well, let’s begin with some basic information. Firstly, an electric vehicle, or EV, is an automobile that runs on electric power. Depending on the type, it can be a hybrid or strictly electrical. The hybrid versions use electric motors in combo with a gasoline engine. On the other hand, strictly electrical vehicles use only batteries and electric motors. These vehicles were questionable years ago but are the way of the future. Using only electricity, these cars are faster and more efficient than conventional vehicles. So, moving forward, this knowledge may lead to the next question – how do electric vehicle (EV) batteries work?

How Does the Battery Work?

So, you’re wondering how do electric vehicle (EV) batteries work? Or, maybe you’re not. Either way, let’s take a dive into the concept. The purpose of any battery is to store energy within a chemical compound inside a physical container. Basically, this begins with an elementary particle – the electron. The electron is a charged particle that allows the movement of energy. Electrons allow for the building of voltage potential; hence a charged battery can motion power to the vehicle. As electrons depart, the battery power dissipates until it can no longer operate at the requested level. To charge a battery, simply plug it into the grid using the correct adapter by the manufacturer.

So, how does the battery relate to the electric motor? Well, the battery stores the energy for the electric motor. But it begins with a control scheme. With a full battery, the battery can turn on the controller, which controls power dispersion in the vehicle. The controller determines how much power to send to the electric motor(s), this allows for control of acceleration and velocity of the vehicle. Without the controller, the battery would most likely be sent into full throttle every time the gas pedal is set downwards. So, obviously, a controller allows for proper voltage and current to produce power. Do note, voltage multiplied by current is equal to power. So, an ampere and a volt combine to create a watt of power!

EVs are the Future of Transportation

How does an Electric Car work ? | Tesla Model S – Learn Engineering – YouTube

In the future, EVs will be a normal visual statement on the streets worldwide. A statement of the modern age, of a cleaner future. Obviously, EVs are environmentally friendly, but nothing that exists is free of some type of pollution. For instance, battery production doesn’t help improve the environment, but the lack of gasoline fuel exhaust does. So in the end, the battery’s life and usage will probably outweigh the alternative. Many manufacturers, including Audi, BMW, and Mercedes are working toward electric futures. Either way, hopefully this article helps with an understanding of EVs and their battery operation. In the end, can you now answer the question – how do electric vehicle (EV) batteries work? If not… read again!

Note: The featured image is of a 2009 Nissan Leaf EV battery layout as shown on display at the 2009 Tokyo Motor Show. The picture is from Tennen-Gas of Wikimedia.

BMW M Models to Release as Electric Vehicles (EVs)

BMW M Models to Release as Electric Vehicles (EVs)

An Electric Future for BMW M Models

“For sure, all M vehicles will be electrified by the end of the next decade.” – Frank van Meel (BMW’s M Chief)

In recent years, auto manufacturers are moving towards electrifying their lineups. Not surprisingly, BMW must hop on the bandwagon at some point. BMW M models will release as electric vehicles at some point in the next decade. The quote above is a statement from Frank van Meel at a press conference to CarAdvice journalists. So, expecting an electrified M2 or M5 may not be a crazy thought. Either way, electric vehicles (EVs) are the way of the future. So, hopping on board is a requirement for most manufacturers at some point.

A Step-by-Step Process for BMW

2018 BMW M2 - Front - PAS 2018 - EuroDrift

2018 BMW M2 – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift

Below, a quote by Frank van Meel can be seen discussing a step-by-step process. For BMW, the BMW M model lineup will change with the right technology. Currently, BMW is working on its own hybrid technology. Astonishingly, BMW is designing its own electric motor, gearbox, and platform, from scratch. This is occurring while BMW is working on its fifth-gen architecture that’ll include powertrain options. But, BMW M is not in a rush to electrify the lineup. The BMW M division will await its own “better” technology.

“That’s going to happen step-by-step. The important question is the timing question – what’s the right time for that? If you’re too late then you’re too late, but if you’re too early then you don’t have the ‘straight to the point’ technology.” – Frank van Meel (BMW’s M Chief)

Dissatisfaction with Electrical Components

2018 BMW M4 - Front - PAS 2018 - EuroDrift

2018 BMW M4 – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift

One of the main reasons that the BMW M model lineup is not electrified is the components themselves. Below, Meel can be seen showing disappointment with electrical components. From his perspective, they are quite heavy which will effect weight and power-to-weight ratios. This will obviously lower the overall performance of the vehicle… but maybe not. BMW should look to Tesla for an understanding of EV technology. Why? Because Tesla has a sedan that can reach 60 mph in under 3 seconds. That is faster than most sports cars, including Ferrari and Lamborghini. So, electrical component weight is a poor reason for not advancing the fleet.

“Look at today’s electrification components, they are quite heavy and, for us as a motorsports company, overall vehicle weight and power-to-weight ratio is key.” – Frank van Meel (BMW’s M Chief)

The EV Future of BMW

Why BMW is Going All in With Electric Cars – Bloomberg – YouTube

In the future, within a decade, BMW M models plan to release with electrification. Regardless, by 2025, BMW plans to offer 40% electric powertrain models to the market. Electric vehicles are a growing trend and the way for the future. The beautiful sound of engines will be missed, but just as everything else, things change. It is time for the world to accept the future of the automobile. Performance and respect to the environment are both obtained with EVs. In conclusion, BMW is joining the ever-growing EV market with its models, one by one.

2018 BMW X2 - Front - PAS 2018 - EuroDrift

2018 BMW X2 – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift

Bugatti Chiron LEGO Edition with 2,304 Electric Motors

Bugatti Chiron LEGO Edition with 2,304 Electric Motors

Life-Size LEGO Technic Bugatti Chiron

Bugatti Chiron LEGO Edition - Life-Size 1-to-1 Ratio - Front Corner - LEGO Manufacture Picture - EuroDrift

Bugatti Chiron LEGO Edition – Life-Size 1-to-1 Ratio – Front Corner – LEGO Manufacture Picture – EuroDrift

LEGO, known for typical store products as well as large-scale designs, has done it once again. This time, the LEGO Technic design team built a fully functional Bugatti Chiron. Yes, a LEGO automobile that is fully operational! Even furthermore, one that looks exactly like the Chiron sports car. This 1:1 model includes drive functionality via Power Function motor tech from standard LEGO products. Yes, those little electric motors work together to move a full-size vehicle! Although this car would most likely be highly unsafe at any speed, it is quite an amazing feat.

LEGO Technic Design Team

Bugatti Chiron LEGO Edition - Life-Size 1-to-1 Ratio - Headlight - LEGO Manufacture Picture - EuroDrift

Bugatti Chiron LEGO Edition – Life-Size 1-to-1 Ratio – Headlight – LEGO Manufacture Picture – EuroDrift

The Bugatti Chiron LEGO Edition was a project given to the LEGO Technic team in Kladno, Czech Republic. Here, the LEGO Technic team works on complex models for LEGO stores and LEGOLAND parks. But, making a functional Chiron out of LEGOs was even a test for them. Beforehand, Aurelien Rouffiange and the rest of the design team recently completed a 1:8 scale Chiron for $349.99. So, it was time to step it up to the next level. With 16 specialists ranging from design to mechanical to electrical fields, this project was tackled with 13,438-man hours. Phew! That is quite an investment of labor and time!

Facts & Specifications

Bugatti Chiron LEGO Edition - Life-Size 1-to-1 Ratio - Rear Corner - LEGO Manufacture Picture - EuroDrift

Bugatti Chiron LEGO Edition – Life-Size 1-to-1 Ratio – Rear Corner – LEGO Manufacture Picture – EuroDrift

The Bugatti Chiron LEGO Edition includes over 1,000,000 LEGO Technic elements. This includes 339 different types of elements for the build. Surprisingly, absolutely no glue was used in the assembly process. With a total weight of 3,307 pounds (1500 kg), this weighs as much as an actual car! So, moving a car like this requires a lot of power, even for low speed.

Bugatti Chiron LEGO Edition - Life-Size 1-to-1 Ratio - Rear Spoiler - LEGO Manufacture Picture - EuroDrift

Bugatti Chiron LEGO Edition – Life-Size 1-to-1 Ratio – Rear Spoiler – LEGO Manufacture Picture – EuroDrift

“Under the hood”, the Bugatti Chiron LEGO Edition has 2,304 Power Functions motors. Yes, it really does! Next, there are 4,032 LEGO Technic gear wheels. Furthermore, the car fits 2,016 LEGO Technic cross axles. Theoretically, the motors work together to produce around 5.3 horsepower. But, on the other hand, the torque equates to 68 lb.-ft. (92 Nm). That torque is how this vehicle gets going. To make it even more insane, the car has a functional rear spoiler and speedometer, both entirely of LEGOs.

An Engineering Feat for LEGO

The Amazing Life-size LEGO Technic Bugatti Chiron that DRIVES! – LEGO – YouTube

Overall, the Bugatti Chiron LEGO Edition is quite an engineering feat. At the actual 1:1 scale, this car is quite the spectacle. With LEGO pieces in and out, no one expects to see it roll down the track. Although it may not be fast, it is functional. But, for everyone’s interest, these will not be sold due to liability. Life only knows how many people would try “stupid” stunts while driving one of these. For now, it is best to keep cars like this to the company itself. In conclusion, the LEGO Chiron is beautiful and deserves the utmost respect.

Bugatti Chiron LEGO Edition - Life-Size 1-to-1 Ratio - Rear - LEGO Manufacture Picture - EuroDrift

Bugatti Chiron LEGO Edition – Life-Size 1-to-1 Ratio – Rear – LEGO Manufacture Picture – EuroDrift

 

Fully Electric 1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero at the Royal Wedding

Fully Electric 1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero at the Royal Wedding

Fully Electric Jaguar E-Type for the Royal Wedding

1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero (Fully Electric) - Royal Wedding - Front Corner - Manufacturer Pictures - EuroDrift

1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero (Fully Electric) – Royal Wedding – Front Corner – Manufacturer Pictures – EuroDrift

On May 19, 2018, Prince Harry and Meghan Markle were officially married at Westminster Abbey in London. Royal weddings are very important milestones in British history. Due to the marriage, Prince Harry became the Duke of Sussex. As it was a very special occasion, Jaguar Land Rover Classic Works built a unique car. At the end of the wedding, Prince Harry and Meghan Markle drove off in a fully electric 1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero. This car was built by Jaguar Land Rover Classic Works with Rimac engineered tech. From the interior to the exterior, the E-Type Concept Zero is an amazing modernization of a car from the past.

XK330-4 Electric Motor with Zero Emissions

1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero (Fully Electric) - Royal Wedding - Electric Motor - Manufacturer Pictures - EuroDrift

1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero (Fully Electric) – Royal Wedding – Electric Motor – Manufacturer Pictures – EuroDrift

The fully electric 1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero sports a XK330-4 electric motor with zero emissions. Exact details on power are not readily available due to an NDA between the manufacturer and JLR. On the inside, there is modern tech throughout. Firstly, there is a carbon fiber console and dash with digital gauges and a touchscreen display. The touchscreen seems to offer music as well as info about the electrical system. Complementing the carbon fiber is a metal and wood steering wheel. Furthermore, there is leather seats as well as a modern shift knob on the console. Lastly, the car wears LED headlamps, a touch of modernization on the exterior.

1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero (Fully Electric) - Royal Wedding - Electric Motor Bay - Manufacturer Pictures - EuroDrift

1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero (Fully Electric) – Royal Wedding – Electric Motor Bay – Manufacturer Pictures – EuroDrift

Quote by Mike Goodbun (Global PR Manager)

1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero (Fully Electric) - Royal Wedding - Dashboard - Manufacturer Pictures - EuroDrift

1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero (Fully Electric) – Royal Wedding – Dashboard – Manufacturer Pictures – EuroDrift

The following statement is by Mike Goodbun, the Global PR Manager for Jaguar Land Rover Special Operations. The statement discusses the cooperation between Jaguar Land Rover Classic Works and Rimac.

“Our Classic Works team built this car and engineered in conjunction with Rimac Automobili in Croatia, for some of the electrical expertise. So, we supplied them a brief, and have worked with them to develop this driveline in a way that meets our intensions for the reversibility of the conversion. It gave us the performance we needed, and builds on kind of the best of both, really: our expertise with classic cars and their experience with electrification technology.” – Mike Goodbun (Global PR Manager at Jaguar Land Rover Special Operations)

1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero (Fully Electric) - Royal Wedding - Interior - Manufacturer Pictures - EuroDrift

1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero (Fully Electric) – Royal Wedding – Interior – Manufacturer Pictures – EuroDrift

A Tragic Ending & A New Beginning

Prince Harry and Meghan Markle depart Windsor Castle in classic open-top sports car – The Royal Family Channel – YouTube

Overall, the fully electric 1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero is an amazing vehicle. Unfortunately, there is a tragic story about the previous owner. A Jamiroquai musician previously owned the vehicle and recently passed due to cancer. After death, the car was sold by the widow. But, a new beginning sprout from this as the car is now in possession of the Duke of Sussex. The car’s value is approximately £350,000 ($468,989.85 USD). In conclusion, modern tech in old cars may have initially seemed like a bad idea, but this proves otherwise.

1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero (Fully Electric) - Royal Wedding - Gas Tank Mod for Charger - Manufacturer Pictures - EuroDrift

1968 Jaguar E-Type Concept Zero (Fully Electric) – Royal Wedding – Gas Tank Mod for Charger – Manufacturer Pictures – EuroDrift

 

Volkswagen Electric Race Car: Eyes Set on Pikes Peak Record

Volkswagen Electric Race Car: Eyes Set on Pikes Peak Record

Volkswagen’s Eyes Set on Pikes Peak Record

After 31 years of not participating, Volkswagen is taking aim at the Pikes Peak hill climb record. To do so, VW is building an electric race car with hopes of accomplishing this goal. The Pikes Peak International Hill Climb takes place at Pikes Peak near Colorado Springs. The 2018 hill climb event will occur on June 24, 2018. By this date, VW hopes to build a car that will defeat any and all competition.

Pikes Peak International Hill Climb

In the year 1916, the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb began taking place in the beautiful Rocky Mountains of Colorado. At a length of 12.4 miles, this hill climb takes drivers up a total of 4,700 feet in height to reach the peak. The summit of Pikes Peak is slightly over 14,000 feet above sea level. Back in 2016, the hill climb record for a modified electric vehicle was 8 minutes and 57.118 seconds. For this record, driver Rhys Millen drove a e0 PP100 vehicle. In the same year, the Tesla Model S set the record for a production vehicle climb at 11 minutes and 48.264 seconds.

Statement by Dr. Frank Welsch of VW’s Board

“The Pikes Peak hill climb is one of the world’s most renowned car races,” stated Dr. Frank Welsch, a VW board member. “It poses an enormous challenge and is therefore perfectly suited to proving the capabilities of upcoming technology.”.

VW Sets Target for Electric Vehicles

This statement by Frank Welsch is a signal that VW is aiming to leap forward in vehicle technology. By succeeding at Pikes Peak, VW would improve their reputation in the auto community. This is definitely a necessary requirement after the entire diesel emissions fiasco. Welsch hopes that the Pikes Peak program will provide VW with a gain of knowledge in the electric vehicles realm. Volkswagen aims to release an EV crossover in 2020 as well as revive the Microbus as an EV for 2022.

Volkswagen is Determined to Win


Overall, Volkswagen is aiming to obtain the Pikes Peak record. A victory like this would prove beneficial to a company that had a dip in reputability in the last few years. The fiasco may have injured VW’s reputation but a leap forward into the electric cars could prove beneficial. If VW is able to make competitive EV vehicles, it will join in on the competition of the future. Brands such as Mercedes already have major goals for electric vehicles meaning. In June 2018, the world will have their eyes set on VW as they attempt to obtain the Pikes Peak record.

2018 Jaguar I-PACE Concept: An All-Electric SUV

2018 Jaguar I-PACE Concept: An All-Electric SUV

2018 Jaguar I-PACE Concept

In the second half of 2018, Jaguar will introduce an all-electric SUV into the auto market. Currently labeled the “I-Pace Concept”, this vehicle is the ultimate electric performance SUV. Back in early 2016, Jaguar filed trademarks for the “I-Pace” and “I-Type” designations. In the fall of 2016, the 2018 Jaguar I-PACE Concept was revealed to the public. This comes after Jaguar’s vision to move forward into the upcoming electric auto era.

400 Horsepower & 516 Lb.-Ft. of Torque

The Jaguar I-PACE Concept is a preview of the upcoming production of an I-Type series within the company. As Jaguar’s first electric vehicle, it has specifications that won’t disappoint. Jaguar states that the car will have around 400 horsepower and 516 lb.-ft. of instant torque. This will allow the electric SUV to hit 60 mph in only roughly 4 seconds. That is pretty quick, even faster than a handful of V8s currently on the market by other manufacturers.

Next-Generation Technology

Within the Jaguar I-Type, there will be next-generation technology. Jaguar’s intention with technology is to make a vehicle that is intuitively connected. This will allow drivers to keep attention on the road while handling other tasks. There will also be four screens within the car. This includes two center console infotainment touchscreens and a screen behind the steering wheel. The last screen is considered a full-color heads up display that reveals key information to the driver via the windshield.

Zero Vehicle Emissions

On top of this next-generation technology, there will also be zero vehicle emissions from this SUV. Yes, a powerful SUV that can outrun a V8 and produce no emissions. The only constraint is that the I-Type will need a recharge after about 220 miles. This isn’t a terrible amount for a usual daily commute, but on a road trip it may be a hassle. Regardless, Jaguar makes a sprint into the next realm with this SUV.

Buy the Jaguar I-Type in the Second Half of 2018


Overall, the Jaguar I-PACE Concept is a look into the future of the upcoming I-Type. In the second half of 2018, Jaguar enthusiasts will be able to own this modern feat of technology. With a 0-60 of 4 seconds and 400 horsepower, this SUV doesn’t hold back. The instant torque is sure to throw you back in your seat while full out accelerating. In the end, this is just the beginning of Jaguar’s foothold in the electric auto market.

2018 BMW i3 & i3s: “It’s Electric!”

2018 BMW i3 & i3s

The i3, BMW’s small electric car, is receiving an overhaul for the 2018 model year. The first major part of the news is that there will be an i3s model with additional power and a sportier styling. Secondly, the vehicles will both be offered with a mileage extender. On top of this, the BMW i3 and i3s will have the new iDrive 6 system with Apple CarPlay. This may not seem like much but it is a step forward for the i3 electric car.

125 kW Electric Motor with 168 Horsepower

The BMW i3 sports a 125 kW electric motor producing 168 horsepower on the base model. The i3’s base battery option is a 21.6-kWh (Kilowatt Hours) lithium-ion battery pack. There is also an optional battery pack of 33.2 kWh to increase range by 33 miles. The base battery has 60 Ah while the larger battery has 94 Ah (Amp Hours). This causes the 60 Ah range to be 81 miles (130 km). For the 94 Ah, the range is 114 mi (183 km), a 33 mile difference. If the range extender is opted for, the i3 base battery mileage drops to 72 miles while the 94 Ah drops to 97 miles. The difference is made up with a 0.6-liter twin cylinder engine known as the range extender.

2018 BMW i3 Base Model

For the BMW i3, it has been 4 years since its introduction. Now, the i3 has 170 horsepower and 184 lb.-ft. of torque. This means the i3 can complete 0 to 60 mph in 7.2 seconds. The top speed of this model is 93 mph. The base model MSRP is $44,450 while the range extender package ups the bill to $48,300.

2018 BMW i3s

For the BMW i3s, it is a brand new version of the i3 to be introduced for the 2018 model year. The i3s has 184 horsepower and 199 lb.-ft. of torque. This leads the i3s to hit 60 mph in only 6.8 seconds, 0.4 seconds faster than the base i3. The top speed of the i3s is 100 mph, 7 mph faster than the base i3. The enhancements that place the i3s over the i3 include modified motor controls, tapered roller bearings, 20” wheels, sports suspension, and the Driving Dynamics Control System. Both the i3 and i3s are equipped with the iDrive 6 system integrated with Apple CarPlay.

BMW i3 is the New SMART Car

The 2018 BMW i3 and i3s are a step forward for the electric model. The four year old i3 had an overhaul while the i3s was introduced to the market. The i3s should attract customers looking for a cheap, sporty electric vehicle. Some may say it isn’t the prettiest car, it is BMW’s version of the SMART car. Overall, the 2018 BMW i3 and i3s should benefit BMW’s placement in the electric car market.

Will the Taycan Convert Porsche to Design More EVs?

Will the Taycan Convert Porsche to Design More EVs?

The Worldwide Upcoming EV Surge

Over the next decade, many manufacturers intend to increase EV production tenfold. Companies such as Audi, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, and even supercar manufacturers are following the trend. Why? Because it leads to faster, more efficient vehicles. While being friendly to the environment, these cars perform better than the predecessors. This may not be something that motorheads want to hear, but it’s true. The electrical engine provides instantaneous power and a ton of torque. This is why Tesla has such fast vehicles, faster than many sports and supercars on the market for a margin the price. So, aiming towards Porsche – will the Taycan convert Porsche to design more EVs? Well, in all honesty… probably.

Basic Facts About the Stunning Taycan

Porsche Mission E - Side with Open Doors - IAA 2015 - Wikimedia - EuroDrift

Porsche Mission E – Side with Open Doors – IAA 2015 – Wikimedia – EuroDrift

Initially, the Porsche Taycan was known as the “Mission E” during the concept phase. To understand better, Taycan stands for “lively young horse” in the Eurasian language. On the other hand, this car is a fully electric 4-seater sports sedan. Between two permanent magnet synchronous motors (PSMs), this car produces over 600 horsepower. With a 800-Volt charging system, this car won’t take too long to fill up. From 0 to 60 mph, this car takes around 3.5 seconds. It may not be as fast as the best Tesla sedan, but close enough. Overall, the Taycan is an amazing leap forward in Porsche technology.

Demand for the Taycan is Insane!

Soul, electrified. – The Porsche Taycan is coming. – Porsche – YouTube

Due to the strong demand in the market, Porsche is moving up the Taycan production to over 20,000 units per year. Yes, that is read correctly. This car is taking the market by storm with tons and tons of reservations. Although it is quite expensive at $130,000, it is possible to obtain tax incentives due to buying or leasing an electric vehicle. This amounts for up to $7,500, but there’s no guarantee – so contact an accountant for more info! Due to the popularity of this model, don’t be surprised to see an electric Boxster, Cayenne, Cayman, Macan, or 911 at this point. Although the 911 breathes via an amazing 6-cylinder engine, an EV version would be a beast. Imagine this much power within a tinier sports car. It would probably reach 60 mph in closer to 3 seconds without a doubt. In conclusion, the Taycan is extremely popular and will lead Porsche to reconsider the EV pathway.

Porsche Mission E - Rear Corner - IAA 2015 - Wikimedia - EuroDrift

Porsche Mission E – Rear Corner – IAA 2015 – Wikimedia – EuroDrift

How Does an Exhaust System Work?

How Does an Exhaust System Work?

The Functions of an Exhaust System

In modern times, most people have driven or ridden in a vehicle. With automobiles, the debates of pollution and sound become alive. But, sometimes both of these can be down to the car itself. In this article, the goal is to help with a common question: “How Does an Exhaust System Work?”. Well, the exhaust begins with four main functions. These functions are:

  1. Direct Fumes Away from Cabin & Passengers
  2. Improve Fuel Consumption (MPG)
  3. Improve Performance (HP/TQ)
  4. Noise Amplification or Reduction (Usually Reduction)

With the exhaust handling these functions, its purpose is quite diverse. While it keeps passengers from breathing harmful gases, it also can add power and improve fuel consumption. Furthermore, all exhausts have a tone… hence noise is amplified or reduced via the muffler or silencer design. Finally, the layout of an exhaust system can depend on engine size, manufacturer, and/or model.

Control of Toxic Gases

Porsche Exhaust - Rear Undercarriage - Max Pixel - EuroDrift

Porsche Exhaust – Rear Undercarriage – Max Pixel – EuroDrift

When asking “How Does an Exhaust System Work?”, the concept of exhaust emissions comes into play. When an engine runs, it produces a total of 6 gases as emissions. Unfortunately, 3 of these gases are toxic: carbon monoxide, nitrogen monoxide, and nitrogen oxide. So, an entire design arrives around this to attempt to minimize the release of these gases into the atmosphere. Also, it obviously works to keep these gases away from the driver or passengers of the car. These gases are dangerous and can be harmful to animals, the environment, people, and plants.

How Do Emissions Exit the Car?

Car Exhaust - Rear of Automobile - Pixabay - EuroDrift

Car Exhaust – Rear of Automobile – Pixabay – EuroDrift

Again, when asking “How Does an Exhaust System Work?”, the gas must be filtered in some manner, correct? Right! First, the exhaust manifold collects gas from the cylinder head acting as a funnel. Next, the gas travels to the catalytic converter, where applicable. For instance, electric vehicles (EVs) do not have catalytic converters when there are no gasoline engines. Well, on the other hand, hybrids do for the engine portion of power. At the catalytic converter, the harmful gases are removed prior to moving on. Finally, the final gases pass through downpipes to the exhaust’s muffler or silencer. The purpose of this part of the exhaust is to filter sound, or amplify it. Manufacturers tend to remove sound while aftermarket companies amplify it.

Hopefully, That Helps!

How Car Exhaust System Works – Automotive Basics – YouTube

So, hopefully this article helps with the question: “How Does an Exhaust System Work?”. Covering the basics of gases to release via the exhaust tips, this article covers a decent portion of the process. The goal of this is to provide readers with a simple understanding of the system. Obviously, there is more that can be for discussion such as details on specific designs or layouts, temperature effects, and more. But, that is something for another time. Overall, the exhaust system plays a vital role on all gasoline vehicles.

Note: The featured image is by Clément Bucco-Lechat of Wikimedia Commons.

Porsche Aims to Increase Taycan Production Due to Demand

Porsche Aims to Increase Taycan Production Due to Demand

High Demand for the Taycan

Due to strong demand, Porsche plans to increase Taycan production beyond 20,000 units per year. The Porsche Taycan is an all-electric vehicle, previously known as Mission E, that is taking the market by storm. Porsche received so many early reservations on the Taycan, that it is building a facility specifically for it. In Zuffenhausen, Germany, Porsche will build the Taycan at its own facility. Furthermore, this facility even includes an assembly line and paint shop. That means that the manufacturer has very high hopes for this model. With production beginning mid-2019, Porsche is getting ready to surge the auto market.

Basics About Porsche Taycan

Porsche Mission E - Side with Open Doors - IAA 2015 - Wikimedia - EuroDrift

Porsche Mission E – Side with Open Doors – IAA 2015 – Wikimedia – EuroDrift

Under the hood, the Porsche Taycan does not have a typical Porsche V6 or V8. But, this car does sport two permanently excited synchronous motors. These work in combo to produce over 600 horsepower. This power level will allow the Taycan to reach 60 mph in under 3.5 seconds. Furthermore, Porsche expects the Taycan to hit 124 mph in 12 seconds. Finally, with a 800 volt battery, the car can charge for 250 miles in around 15 minutes.

The Future of Porsche is Coming

Adam Levine drives the Mission E at the Porsche Experience Center Los Angeles – Porsche – YouTube

Overall, Porsche seems to be opening up more and more to electric vehicles. With the Porsche Taycan, the company will “dip its toes” into the electric auto market. This will surely shape the future of the company moving into the electric rush of the 2020s. Other companies are already working towards major releases such as the Audi E-Tron GT, the BMW iNext Vision, and the Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic. Currently, the Taycan will be split between the Cross Turismo and sedan variants with a Targa version possible in the future. Surprisingly, the largest demand for this car was in Norway with 3,000 paid down payment orders. Usually, Porsche only sells 600 total cars in this country. In conclusion, the Porsche Taycan is sure to stir up the electric auto market, including Tesla.

Porsche Mission E - Rear Corner - IAA 2015 - Wikimedia - EuroDrift

Porsche Mission E – Rear Corner – IAA 2015 – Wikimedia – EuroDrift

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