Lotus Ends 10-Year Hiatus with All-Electric Supercar
“Type 130 will be the most dynamically accomplished Lotus in our history.” – Lotus CEO Phil Popham
In the current decade, Lotus has been sitting by the sideline with no clear plans for a new vehicle. But, this changes with a new major announcement. The Lotus Type 130 will be the company’s 1st vehicle in the last decade. It will also be the United Kingdom’s 1st electric supercar. So, with this, not only does Lotus plan to break the 10-year hiatus, they also plan to be the first electric supercar from the U.K. The car made its debut at Auto Shanghai 2019 with an expected sale date in 2020. And, for those that don’t know, this will be the first car since the Geely buyout. Geely is a Chinese car manufacturer that also owns Lynk & Co. plus Volvo.
What Engine? How Much Power? Sadly, Not Enough Details!
So, after reading about the Lotus Type 130 all-electric supercar, a question lingers on… what engine and how much power? Well, currently, there’s enough information to elaborate on this topic. Obviously, being an all-electric vehicle (EV), this car should not have any combustion power at all. So, it will most likely sport multiple electric motors. These motors will most likely drive individual wheels, or the front and rear separately. This is the usual design for these types of vehicles. And, a battery compartment will be necessary, probably in the front or rear hood where space was previously in use by a gasoline motor.
Lotus Sets High Expectations for Upcoming Model
Introducing the Lotus Type 130 – Lotus Cars – YouTube
With the Lotus Type 130 all-electric supercar, the manufacturer sets a goal of high expectations. Being the first fully electric supercar from Britain is an accomplishment. Rolls-Royce may not be in the market, but Bentley definitely could be. Bentley builds some great luxury vehicles and will probably try to offer an electric Continental at some point. If not, they’re slacking on the upcoming decade of EVs. But, only time will tell, as not enough info is currently available. Overall, Lotus is coming back from their hiatus and people are looking forward to it!
Bugatti Crossover in Consideration at Manufacturer
Recently, Bugatti is seeking to add a second model to their lineup alongside the Chiron. With rumors spreading across the market, Bugatti has two possibilities. One of the biggest considerations is a Bugatti Crossover. While not a full-out SUV, it would be similar to the Urus, but more compact and lightweight. It’d also sport a ton more power than the Urus, as well as the upcoming Porsche Cayenne Turbo S E-Hybrid. So, if given the green light by Volkswagen Group, a crossover could come to market from Bugatti. It’s basically a revival of the Royale in ultra-luxury limousine style crossover.
Although the CEO of Bugatti, Stephan Winkelmann, is against SUVs, that doesn’t rule out the crossover. To back this up, Winkelmann actually oversaw the development of the Urus. So, building a similar crossover wouldn’t be a complete surprise. There’s also consideration of a 2-door crossover sports car. Depending on VW’s decision, Bugatti will move forward with either car, or neither. For all anyone knows, VW will decline both choices, leading to chaos amongst Bugatti news outlets.
Over 1,000+ Horsepower via V8 & Electric Motors
So, as with most Bugatti models, this car will boast an obnoxious amount of power. If the Bugatti Crossover is to become a reality, this car would probably sport the Urus’ motor. This is a 641 horsepower 4.0-liter twin-turbo V8. Furthermore, the engine would receive backup from an electrical motor to reach a goal of over 1k horsepower. In combo, these engines would make this vehicle one of the most powerful crossovers in the world.
Who Doesn’t Want a Bugatti Crossover?
If Bugatti Divo and Lamborghini Urus had a baby – Jimmy Huynh – YouTube
So, who doesn’t want a Bugatti Crossover? Well, surprisingly, there’s people that probably don’t. But, most of us auto enthusiasts do. Obviously, only time will tell if it will happen… or not. Regardless, expect a possible Bugatti unveil at an upcoming auto show… maybe. Furthermore, manufacturers are moving into a greener, fully electric future. So, using electricity to help power this vehicle is basically a requirement. And, the market has already shown electric vehicles (EVs) are popular. Although, some people may need help moving on from their gasoline engine. But many drivers are already ready and willing to do so.
Note: The images and video for this article are not official by Bugatti. Hence, the pictures and video only represent possibilities for design – by outside sources. For the real design, await Bugatti’s unveil in the upcoming future. Currently, the crossover is only an idea awaiting approval. Thanks for understanding!
In modern times, electric vehicles (EVs) are an up-and-coming transportation option. So, this may lead many to wonder – what is an electric vehicle? Well, let’s begin with some basic information. Firstly, an electric vehicle, or EV, is an automobile that runs on electric power. Depending on the type, it can be a hybrid or strictly electrical. The hybrid versions use electric motors in combo with a gasoline engine. On the other hand, strictly electrical vehicles use only batteries and electric motors. These vehicles were questionable years ago but are the way of the future. Using only electricity, these cars are faster and more efficient than conventional vehicles. So, moving forward, this knowledge may lead to the next question – how do electric vehicle (EV) batteries work?
How Does the Battery Work?
So, you’re wondering how do electric vehicle (EV) batteries work? Or, maybe you’re not. Either way, let’s take a dive into the concept. The purpose of any battery is to store energy within a chemical compound inside a physical container. Basically, this begins with an elementary particle – the electron. The electron is a charged particle that allows the movement of energy. Electrons allow for the building of voltage potential; hence a charged battery can motion power to the vehicle. As electrons depart, the battery power dissipates until it can no longer operate at the requested level. To charge a battery, simply plug it into the grid using the correct adapter by the manufacturer.
So, how does the battery relate to the electric motor? Well, the battery stores the energy for the electric motor. But it begins with a control scheme. With a full battery, the battery can turn on the controller, which controls power dispersion in the vehicle. The controller determines how much power to send to the electric motor(s), this allows for control of acceleration and velocity of the vehicle. Without the controller, the battery would most likely be sent into full throttle every time the gas pedal is set downwards. So, obviously, a controller allows for proper voltage and current to produce power. Do note, voltage multiplied by current is equal to power. So, an ampere and a volt combine to create a watt of power!
EVs are the Future of Transportation
How does an Electric Car work ? | Tesla Model S – Learn Engineering – YouTube
In the future, EVs will be a normal visual statement on the streets worldwide. A statement of the modern age, of a cleaner future. Obviously, EVs are environmentally friendly, but nothing that exists is free of some type of pollution. For instance, battery production doesn’t help improve the environment, but the lack of gasoline fuel exhaust does. So in the end, the battery’s life and usage will probably outweigh the alternative. Many manufacturers, including Audi, BMW, and Mercedes are working toward electric futures. Either way, hopefully this article helps with an understanding of EVs and their battery operation. In the end, can you now answer the question – how do electric vehicle (EV) batteries work? If not… read again!
Note: The featured image is of a 2009 Nissan Leaf EV battery layout as shown on display at the 2009 Tokyo Motor Show. The picture is from Tennen-Gas of Wikimedia.
In reality, many people still idle the engine of their car to warm it up in the winter. But, is this truly a reasonable idea? Modern science and engineering suggest “no”. So, many may be wondering, why is idling the engine bad for the car? There are three main points to answer this question. Firstly, this is detrimental to modern engine design. Secondly, it is a waste of gasoline. Hence, it is a waste of hard-earned cash. Thirdly, and finally, the environmental damage is real. Truthfully, modern vehicles need less than 10 seconds in cold climates to drive safely. So, why keep warming up the car? Manufacturers such as Porsche will agree.
Deeper Explanation of Three Points
Detrimental to Modern Engine
So, why is idling the engine bad for the car? Let’s begin with a deeper look into each answer. Firstly, it is detrimental to the modern engine. Why? Because these engines can function safely in less than 10 seconds of warming up. Simply put, this is thanks to modern engineering. So, if the car is going to be on idling for more than 10 seconds, shut it off.
Waste of Gasoline
Secondly, idling the car is an epic waste of gasoline. Why throw away hard earned cash? Gasoline equals money, it cannot be purchased without it. Each second that the engine is on, it requires gasoline to operate. The gasoline is ignited in the engine by the spark plugs. This allows for combustion to take place. This combustion is what allows the vehicle to physically move and power itself. Do note, the bigger the engine, the more fuel burns. A V8 will burn more than an I4 in idle.
Thirdly, idling the car is bad for the environment. The environment is a necessity in life, without a thriving environment, human life will not thrive. So, why degrade the quality of the planet? Visibly, worldwide, climate change is ruining the planet and human life. Automobile engines produce carbon dioxide, known for damaging the environment. It is a major reason for the entire problem of global warming. Many will argue that it is a lie, or it causes less damage than a cow. But, truthfully, numbers add up. Regardless of other realities and falsities, it’s smarter to only use the engine when necessary. To avoid this, simply buy a modern EV!
Be Smart, Don’t Idle Then Drive!
Americans Have No Idea How Much Fuel Idling Uses – Engineering Explained – YouTube
So, now a question for the reader, why is idling the engine bad for the car? Hopefully, this article provides a clear reason why. Why damage the engine, waste gas, and destroy the environment? Idling the car is a waste of time. This may not be true for older generations of automobiles but is true of modern times. Modern engines use modern engineering, which removes the need for idling. Companies such as BMW allow drivers to start up and drive off in the winter. There’s no need to idle for 2 minutes. In conclusion, simply put – don’t idle a modern vehicle!
In modern times, most people have driven or ridden in a vehicle. With automobiles, the debates of pollution and sound become alive. But, sometimes both of these can be down to the car itself. In this article, the goal is to help with a common question: “How Does an Exhaust System Work?”. Well, the exhaust begins with four main functions. These functions are:
Direct Fumes Away from Cabin & Passengers
Improve Fuel Consumption (MPG)
Improve Performance (HP/TQ)
Noise Amplification or Reduction (Usually Reduction)
With the exhaust handling these functions, its purpose is quite diverse. While it keeps passengers from breathing harmful gases, it also can add power and improve fuel consumption. Furthermore, all exhausts have a tone… hence noise is amplified or reduced via the muffler or silencer design. Finally, the layout of an exhaust system can depend on engine size, manufacturer, and/or model.
Control of Toxic Gases
Porsche Exhaust – Rear Undercarriage – Max Pixel – EuroDrift
When asking “How Does an Exhaust System Work?”, the concept of exhaust emissions comes into play. When an engine runs, it produces a total of 6 gases as emissions. Unfortunately, 3 of these gases are toxic: carbon monoxide, nitrogen monoxide, and nitrogen oxide. So, an entire design arrives around this to attempt to minimize the release of these gases into the atmosphere. Also, it obviously works to keep these gases away from the driver or passengers of the car. These gases are dangerous and can be harmful to animals, the environment, people, and plants.
How Do Emissions Exit the Car?
Car Exhaust – Rear of Automobile – Pixabay – EuroDrift
Again, when asking “How Does an Exhaust System Work?”, the gas must be filtered in some manner, correct? Right! First, the exhaust manifold collects gas from the cylinder head acting as a funnel. Next, the gas travels to the catalytic converter, where applicable. For instance, electric vehicles (EVs) do not have catalytic converters when there are no gasoline engines. Well, on the other hand, hybrids do for the engine portion of power. At the catalytic converter, the harmful gases are removed prior to moving on. Finally, the final gases pass through downpipes to the exhaust’s muffler or silencer. The purpose of this part of the exhaust is to filter sound, or amplify it. Manufacturers tend to remove sound while aftermarket companies amplify it.
Hopefully, That Helps!
How Car Exhaust System Works – Automotive Basics – YouTube
So, hopefully this article helps with the question: “How Does an Exhaust System Work?”. Covering the basics of gases to release via the exhaust tips, this article covers a decent portion of the process. The goal of this is to provide readers with a simple understanding of the system. Obviously, there is more that can be for discussion such as details on specific designs or layouts, temperature effects, and more. But, that is something for another time. Overall, the exhaust system plays a vital role on all gasoline vehicles.
Aston Martin Valkyrie – Concept in Fall of 2018 – Overhead – Manufacturer Instagram Picture – EuroDrift
Recently, Aston Martin shared a post on Instagram displaying the Valkyrie nearing production status. This post is basically a teaser to what is to come in the near future. While it is nearing production, the expectation is late 2019 or early 2020. Currently, Aston plans to build 175 road legal Valkyries, plus 25 track-only versions. Back in July of 2017, Miles Nurnberger made a statement about the Valkyrie:
“… 95% of the way there.” – Miles Nurnberger
It has been quite some time since this statement, but it may be a sign that the Aston Martin Valkyrie is finally ready to consider motion forward. Though, do note, quite a few things are changing for the production version.
Changes to the Valkyrie During Concept Stage
Aston Martin Valkyrie – Concept in Fall of 2018 – Interior – Manufacturer Instagram Picture – EuroDrift
The Aston Martin Valkyrie Instagram post shows a bit of changes since the previous concept. First, there are alloy wheels shown on the car, whereas the previous concept has carbon fiber. But, the car is being offered with that exact optional aerodynamic carbon fiber wheel cover set. Secondly, the exterior has revised side skirts as well as a lighting elements in the vent behind the front wheels. Thirdly, the blue to black paint job is beautiful, but it is most likely in use to cover some of the design. This means there may be more changes to the car that can be seen easily from the photos. Finally, the interior flaunts a few extra buttons and more seat padding. Carbon fiber still governs the interior though.
Who Wouldn’t Want to Own a Valkyrie?
Jump Inside the Aston Martin Valkyrie! | FIRST LOOK – Shmee150 – YouTube
Truthfully, who wouldn’t want to own an Aston Martin Valkyrie? Well… someone. But, most of us car lovers would love to own it. With it’s hybrid drivetrain, this car sports 1,126 estimated horsepower. This is a combo of electric and gasoline elements producing power. The motor itself is a Cosworth 6.5-liter V12 engine. That in itself could make this a hypercar, but electrical motors can take it even further. The Valkyrie will set Aston Martin history as the first hypercar by the company. In conclusion, Aston Martin is really stepping up in the sports car and hypercar realms of the auto industry.
Modern engines use an electronic fuel control system but that was not always the case. Prior to the 1980’s, most cars relied on a mechanical device called a carburetor. Nowadays, carburetors are still popular with street racers. Getting that perfect air-fuel blend is kind of like the Holy Grail for racers.
The Mercedes company can claim responsibility for the development of the carburetor. A carburetor regulates the air and fuel mixture in a gasoline engine so that the fuel burns properly. Since they were first developed in the late 1800s, the design and complexity have changed, but the essential workings are the same.
Air + Fuel + Spark = Go
Bendix-Technico (Stromberg) BXUV-3 Carburetor with Nomenclature – Overview – Scheinwerfermann on Wikipedia – EuroDrift
The workings of a carburetor are not too tough to understand. Let’s examine the flow of air and fuel as they move through the device:
As air flows through the car’s air intake, it passes through a filter. The cleaned air enters the top of the carburetor.
When the car is first being started, a choke restricts the amount of air coming in so that there is a greater flow of fuel into the cylinders. In older cars, this choke was manual, but more modern cars have automatic chokes.
The air is forced into a narrowed portion of a tube, called a venturi. The pressure drops and creates a vacuum.
Fuel is drawn into the vacuum.
A valve called a throttle, opens or closes, depending on whether you want the car to accelerate or decelerate. If the throttle opens, then more air and fuel are pumped into the cylinders. As the piston rises in the cylinder, the spark plug ignites the mixture.
As you can see, it’s pretty straightforward. However, if too much fuel reaches the engine (running rich), or too little (running lean), then you won’t get maximum power.
Nowadays, most cars use electronically controlled fuel injection methods rather than carburetors. Companies such as Audi continue to tweak electronic fuel injection systems to optimize functionality in their automobiles. Regardless, carburetors were the original method of fuel injection worldwide.
Unveiled during Monterey Car Week, the Ferrari 488 Pista Spider has all the performance upgrades of the 488 Coupe, plus open-air driving. This makes it competitive with the Lamborghini Huracan Performante. However, the engines are quite different and the result is that the Pista is faster off the line.
Ferrari 488 Pista Spider
3.9-Liter V8 Bi-Turbo Gasoline Engine
7-Speed Dual Clutch Auto Transmission
711 HP, 8000 RPM
568 LB.-FT. at 3,000 RPM
0-124 MPH in 7.6 Seconds
Lamborghini Huracan Performante
5.2-Liter V10 Naturally Aspirated
7-Speed Dual Clutch Auto Transmission
630 HP, 8,000 RPM
443 LB.-FT. at 6,500 RPM
0-124 MPH in 8.9 Seconds
The Pista has a wheelbase of 2650 mm, making it a bit wider and easier to handle in the corners. Apart from that and the slight speed edge, the two cars are virtually neck and neck. The Lamborghini comes with a high price tag so we are curious where the Spider’s price point will fall.
The Spider Cuts Weight
The Pista was built for the track. In fact, “Pista” is the Italian word for “track.” Whether you are looking at the new Spider or the Coupe, 0-62 mph in 2.85 seconds is pretty fast. The fact that the convertible matches the speed of the coupe is even more impressive given that it weighs more.
A lot of effort went into reducing the weight of the Spider. First, they replaced the alloy rims with carbon fiber wheels. Ferrari also took out the carpets and even replaced the metal door handles with straps. Yet, after modifications, the Spider still weighed 220 lbs more than the Pista Coupe.
Ferrari’s Not Divulging the Price
Ferrari 488 Pista Spider – Official Video – Ferrari – YouTube
Despite inquiries, Ferrari has been pretty hush-hush regarding the price of the new 488 Pista Spider. The automaker also hasn’t set a release date. However, the unveiling in Monterey may have set the stage for the launch.
Note: All of the pictures are property of the Ferrari manufacturer.
As life moves into the future, brands such as Mercedes-Benz are attempting to shape the way for humanity. Recently, the Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic was shown to the public. The Urbanetic is an autonomous van concept that runs on battery-electric. The purpose of this vehicle is to help reduce congestion via a 24/7 runtime for passenger hauling services. With the Urbanetic, Mercedes aims to contribute to a whole new segment of mobility. This includes a capacious, comfortable, efficient, and sustainable design. But, this car, truly begins its prowess from its battery-electric platform.
The Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic begins with its battery-electric platform. This system is the way of the future and provides green commuting accessibility. With a battery system, the car can run on a regular schedule, simply charging every time it is necessary. As battery-operated vehicles become more popular, the battery charging time has dissipated. Recently, the all-electric Audi PB18 e-tron made its debut as a sports car to charge in 15 minutes flat via 800-volts. Obviously, quick charging will be necessary to make this van concept worthy of transportation purposes. But, even furthermore, is the fact this car can alternate between cargo and people-moving within minutes.
With the Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic, the functionality can be altered for multiple purposes. This begins with a cargo-van functionality option. The rear of the van can provide 353 cubic feet of space. This allows for 10 pallets at once, obviously wit the help of 12-feet of load space. So, this van can handle traditional cargo transport as well as last-minute deliveries. But, this isn’t the only way the space can be allocated for usage. Not surprisingly, this car also features a people-moving function as well.
The Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic not only allows for cargo usage, but also people transport. With the large allotment of space in the rear, this vehicle can handle up to 12 people. Furthermore, this car keeps in mind the pedestrians outside of the vehicle. On the front and sides, this car lets civilians know that the vehicle is aware of their presence. This allows bystanders to feel comfortable crossing in front of the vehicle at an intersection. So, while keeping passengers comfy, it is also keeping pedestrians safe. It won’t be surprising in the future when services such as “Uber Pool” end up providing a Urbanetic-style van to transport people at cheap rates.
Autonomy & Electric are the Future
Mercedes-Benz Vision URBANETIC: Mobility for Urban Areas – Mercedes-Benz – YouTube
As the Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic shows, autonomy and electric motors are the future. From the Audi PB18 e-tron to the Vision Urbanetic, manufacturers are moving forward to the next stage of auto engineering. Initially, Tesla led the way for worldwide companies, but now everyone is joining in on the action. What was once a quiet, unsure market, is now the way for all. The sound of the motor may be missed, but will still be available, as gasoline cars will most likely never be fully outlawed. Regardless, transportation will become efficient and reasonable moving forward. One day, these type of vehicles will rotate major cities, running passengers to destinations far and wide.
Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic – Different Setup Options – Front Corners – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
At Pebble Beach Automotive Week 2018 in Monterey, California, Audi revealed the PB18 e-tron. The all-electric Audi PB18 e-tron is a mid-engine high-performance sports car with electric drive. Broad and flat, this car’s inspiration is the track and wind tunnel. Furthermore, this car has absolutely no comfort features or automation. So, unfortunately, it won’t get you from point A to point B automatically. Regardless, this car is no surprise as the auto market aims towards a mostly electric future. With the PB18, Audi didn’t hesitate to show off at Pebble Beach.
“We want to offer the driver an experience that is otherwise available only in a racing car like the Audi R18. That’s why we developed the interior around the ideal driver’s position in the center. Nevertheless, our aim was to also give the PB18 e-tron a high degree of everyday usability, not just for the driver, but also for a potential passenger.” – Gael Buzyn, Head of the Audi Design Loft in Malibu
Showing up to Pebble Beach Automotive Week, the PB18 came prepared to impress. Starting with the interior, this car features a monocoque shell. This allows for lateral movement of the driver seat and steering system. So, for the track, the seat can sit in a center position just like the McLaren F1. On top of that, if the driver seat is positioned in a typical spot, such as left or right, a passenger seat becomes available. This is possible due to the by-wire design for the steering and pedal layout. Beyond the interior, the car is made of aluminum, carbon, and multi-material composites. Just these two features, the interior and frame, make this car a true race car.
Three Electric Motors & Quattro
Audi PB18 e-tron – All-Electric Concept – Driving on Track – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
The all-electric Audi PB18 e-tron sports 3 electric motors as well as Audi’s signature Quattro. There is one motor in the front with 201 horsepower and two in the rear with a combined 469 horsepower. This means the PB18 has 671 horsepower total on top of it’s 612 lb.-ft. of torque. With boosting, the car can temporarily jump to 764 horsepower to really put the power down. This power setup allows the PB18 to reach 62 mph in slightly over 2 seconds. Fortunately, for traffic situations, max speed can be limited to increase range. Finally, the rear motors are located between steering knuckles driving one wheel each via half-shaft.
To no surprise, the all-electric Audi PB18 e-tron has a top-notch battery system. Starting with the battery itself, it is a liquid-cooled solid-state setup with 95kWh. This allows the PB18 to cover 310.7 miles with WLTP. With an 800-volt charging requirement, this car reaches full capacity in around 15 minutes. That is quick, closing on the gap between gasoline and battery refueling. Furthermore, the battery recovers energy while braking as it is primarily used to slow down the car. The hydraulic brake only functions under heavy braking.
A final note about the all-electric Audi PB18 e-tron is that is can wirelessly charge. Yes, you read that correctly, the PB18 doesn’t need a charger cable. While a charging cable is an option, the car can also charge via induction. To charge cordlessly, this requires the Audi Wireless Charging (AWC) system. For this to work, a charging pad with integral coil is placed on the floor where the car will be parked. This connects it to the power supply. For a deeper understanding, this allows an alternating magnetic field to induce an alternating voltage in the secondary coil fitted in the floor of the car, across an air gap. And no, it will most likely not shock you, as that would be an insane liability for Audi.
A Race Car Suspension System
The all-electric Audi PB18 e-tron sports a race quality suspension. Obviously, the system begins with front and rear independent systems. On the front, there is a push-rod setup. As per the rear, there is the typical pull-rod format. Furthermore, in both cases, this works in conjunction with adaptive magnetic ride shock absorbers. Basically, the Audi R18 e-tron quattro Le Mans racing car serves as the basic architecture for the PB18.
The Future is Here with All-Electric Race Cars
Audi PB18 e-tron – Next-Gen Audi Supercar – YOUCAR – YouTube
With the release on the all-electric Audi PB18 e-tron, the future is here. For years, companies and people were unsure of the electric auto market and any potential it held. Now, most companies realize the truth, that electric power is the way of the future. Not only will this allow for cleaner energy usage, but it will also provide better performance. Each year, more and more beautiful EVs are introduced to market. In conclusion, the Audi PB18 is a vision of what to expect on the market in the near future.