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How Do Electric Vehicle (EV) Batteries Work?

How Do Electric Vehicle (EV) Batteries Work?

What is an Electric Vehicle?

In modern times, electric vehicles (EVs) are an up-and-coming transportation option. So, this may lead many to wonder – what is an electric vehicle? Well, let’s begin with some basic information. Firstly, an electric vehicle, or EV, is an automobile that runs on electric power. Depending on the type, it can be a hybrid or strictly electrical. The hybrid versions use electric motors in combo with a gasoline engine. On the other hand, strictly electrical vehicles use only batteries and electric motors. These vehicles were questionable years ago but are the way of the future. Using only electricity, these cars are faster and more efficient than conventional vehicles. So, moving forward, this knowledge may lead to the next question – how do electric vehicle (EV) batteries work?

How Does the Battery Work?

So, you’re wondering how do electric vehicle (EV) batteries work? Or, maybe you’re not. Either way, let’s take a dive into the concept. The purpose of any battery is to store energy within a chemical compound inside a physical container. Basically, this begins with an elementary particle – the electron. The electron is a charged particle that allows the movement of energy. Electrons allow for the building of voltage potential; hence a charged battery can motion power to the vehicle. As electrons depart, the battery power dissipates until it can no longer operate at the requested level. To charge a battery, simply plug it into the grid using the correct adapter by the manufacturer.

So, how does the battery relate to the electric motor? Well, the battery stores the energy for the electric motor. But it begins with a control scheme. With a full battery, the battery can turn on the controller, which controls power dispersion in the vehicle. The controller determines how much power to send to the electric motor(s), this allows for control of acceleration and velocity of the vehicle. Without the controller, the battery would most likely be sent into full throttle every time the gas pedal is set downwards. So, obviously, a controller allows for proper voltage and current to produce power. Do note, voltage multiplied by current is equal to power. So, an ampere and a volt combine to create a watt of power!

EVs are the Future of Transportation

How does an Electric Car work ? | Tesla Model S – Learn Engineering – YouTube

In the future, EVs will be a normal visual statement on the streets worldwide. A statement of the modern age, of a cleaner future. Obviously, EVs are environmentally friendly, but nothing that exists is free of some type of pollution. For instance, battery production doesn’t help improve the environment, but the lack of gasoline fuel exhaust does. So in the end, the battery’s life and usage will probably outweigh the alternative. Many manufacturers, including Audi, BMW, and Mercedes are working toward electric futures. Either way, hopefully this article helps with an understanding of EVs and their battery operation. In the end, can you now answer the question – how do electric vehicle (EV) batteries work? If not… read again!

Note: The featured image is of a 2009 Nissan Leaf EV battery layout as shown on display at the 2009 Tokyo Motor Show. The picture is from Tennen-Gas of Wikimedia.

Why is Idling the Engine Bad for the Car?

Why is Idling the Engine Bad for the Car?

Bringing the Truth to Reality

In reality, many people still idle the engine of their car to warm it up in the winter. But, is this truly a reasonable idea? Modern science and engineering suggest “no”. So, many may be wondering, why is idling the engine bad for the car? There are three main points to answer this question. Firstly, this is detrimental to modern engine design. Secondly, it is a waste of gasoline. Hence, it is a waste of hard-earned cash. Thirdly, and finally, the environmental damage is real. Truthfully, modern vehicles need less than 10 seconds in cold climates to drive safely. So, why keep warming up the car? Manufacturers such as Porsche will agree.

Deeper Explanation of Three Points

Detrimental to Modern Engine

So, why is idling the engine bad for the car? Let’s begin with a deeper look into each answer. Firstly, it is detrimental to the modern engine. Why? Because these engines can function safely in less than 10 seconds of warming up. Simply put, this is thanks to modern engineering. So, if the car is going to be on idling for more than 10 seconds, shut it off.

Waste of Gasoline

Secondly, idling the car is an epic waste of gasoline. Why throw away hard earned cash? Gasoline equals money, it cannot be purchased without it. Each second that the engine is on, it requires gasoline to operate. The gasoline is ignited in the engine by the spark plugs. This allows for combustion to take place. This combustion is what allows the vehicle to physically move and power itself. Do note, the bigger the engine, the more fuel burns. A V8 will burn more than an I4 in idle.

Environmental Damage

Thirdly, idling the car is bad for the environment. The environment is a necessity in life, without a thriving environment, human life will not thrive. So, why degrade the quality of the planet? Visibly, worldwide, climate change is ruining the planet and human life. Automobile engines produce carbon dioxide, known for damaging the environment. It is a major reason for the entire problem of global warming. Many will argue that it is a lie, or it causes less damage than a cow. But, truthfully, numbers add up. Regardless of other realities and falsities, it’s smarter to only use the engine when necessary. To avoid this, simply buy a modern EV!

Be Smart, Don’t Idle Then Drive!

Americans Have No Idea How Much Fuel Idling Uses – Engineering Explained – YouTube

So, now a question for the reader, why is idling the engine bad for the car? Hopefully, this article provides a clear reason why. Why damage the engine, waste gas, and destroy the environment? Idling the car is a waste of time. This may not be true for older generations of automobiles but is true of modern times. Modern engines use modern engineering, which removes the need for idling. Companies such as BMW allow drivers to start up and drive off in the winter. There’s no need to idle for 2 minutes. In conclusion, simply put – don’t idle a modern vehicle!

How Does an Exhaust System Work?

How Does an Exhaust System Work?

The Functions of an Exhaust System

In modern times, most people have driven or ridden in a vehicle. With automobiles, the debates of pollution and sound become alive. But, sometimes both of these can be down to the car itself. In this article, the goal is to help with a common question: “How Does an Exhaust System Work?”. Well, the exhaust begins with four main functions. These functions are:

  1. Direct Fumes Away from Cabin & Passengers
  2. Improve Fuel Consumption (MPG)
  3. Improve Performance (HP/TQ)
  4. Noise Amplification or Reduction (Usually Reduction)

With the exhaust handling these functions, its purpose is quite diverse. While it keeps passengers from breathing harmful gases, it also can add power and improve fuel consumption. Furthermore, all exhausts have a tone… hence noise is amplified or reduced via the muffler or silencer design. Finally, the layout of an exhaust system can depend on engine size, manufacturer, and/or model.

Control of Toxic Gases

Porsche Exhaust - Rear Undercarriage - Max Pixel - EuroDrift

Porsche Exhaust – Rear Undercarriage – Max Pixel – EuroDrift

When asking “How Does an Exhaust System Work?”, the concept of exhaust emissions comes into play. When an engine runs, it produces a total of 6 gases as emissions. Unfortunately, 3 of these gases are toxic: carbon monoxide, nitrogen monoxide, and nitrogen oxide. So, an entire design arrives around this to attempt to minimize the release of these gases into the atmosphere. Also, it obviously works to keep these gases away from the driver or passengers of the car. These gases are dangerous and can be harmful to animals, the environment, people, and plants.

How Do Emissions Exit the Car?

Car Exhaust - Rear of Automobile - Pixabay - EuroDrift

Car Exhaust – Rear of Automobile – Pixabay – EuroDrift

Again, when asking “How Does an Exhaust System Work?”, the gas must be filtered in some manner, correct? Right! First, the exhaust manifold collects gas from the cylinder head acting as a funnel. Next, the gas travels to the catalytic converter, where applicable. For instance, electric vehicles (EVs) do not have catalytic converters when there are no gasoline engines. Well, on the other hand, hybrids do for the engine portion of power. At the catalytic converter, the harmful gases are removed prior to moving on. Finally, the final gases pass through downpipes to the exhaust’s muffler or silencer. The purpose of this part of the exhaust is to filter sound, or amplify it. Manufacturers tend to remove sound while aftermarket companies amplify it.

Hopefully, That Helps!

How Car Exhaust System Works – Automotive Basics – YouTube

So, hopefully this article helps with the question: “How Does an Exhaust System Work?”. Covering the basics of gases to release via the exhaust tips, this article covers a decent portion of the process. The goal of this is to provide readers with a simple understanding of the system. Obviously, there is more that can be for discussion such as details on specific designs or layouts, temperature effects, and more. But, that is something for another time. Overall, the exhaust system plays a vital role on all gasoline vehicles.

Note: The featured image is by Clément Bucco-Lechat of Wikimedia Commons.

Aston Martin Valkyrie Nears Production According to Instagram Post

Aston Martin Valkyrie Nears Production According to Instagram Post

Aston Martin Uses Instagram to Tease Valkyrie

Aston Martin Valkyrie - Concept in Fall of 2018 - Overhead - Manufacturer Instagram Picture - EuroDrift

Aston Martin Valkyrie – Concept in Fall of 2018 – Overhead – Manufacturer Instagram Picture – EuroDrift

Recently, Aston Martin shared a post on Instagram displaying the Valkyrie nearing production status. This post is basically a teaser to what is to come in the near future. While it is nearing production, the expectation is late 2019 or early 2020. Currently, Aston plans to build 175 road legal Valkyries, plus 25 track-only versions. Back in July of 2017, Miles Nurnberger made a statement about the Valkyrie:

“… 95% of the way there.” – Miles Nurnberger

It has been quite some time since this statement, but it may be a sign that the Aston Martin Valkyrie is finally ready to consider motion forward. Though, do note, quite a few things are changing for the production version.

Changes to the Valkyrie During Concept Stage

Aston Martin Valkyrie - Concept in Fall of 2018 - Interior - Manufacturer Instagram Picture - EuroDrift

Aston Martin Valkyrie – Concept in Fall of 2018 – Interior – Manufacturer Instagram Picture – EuroDrift

The Aston Martin Valkyrie Instagram post shows a bit of changes since the previous concept. First, there are alloy wheels shown on the car, whereas the previous concept has carbon fiber. But, the car is being offered with that exact optional aerodynamic carbon fiber wheel cover set. Secondly, the exterior has revised side skirts as well as a lighting elements in the vent behind the front wheels. Thirdly, the blue to black paint job is beautiful, but it is most likely in use to cover some of the design. This means there may be more changes to the car that can be seen easily from the photos. Finally, the interior flaunts a few extra buttons and more seat padding. Carbon fiber still governs the interior though.

Who Wouldn’t Want to Own a Valkyrie?

Jump Inside the Aston Martin Valkyrie! | FIRST LOOK – Shmee150 – YouTube

Truthfully, who wouldn’t want to own an Aston Martin Valkyrie? Well… someone. But, most of us car lovers would love to own it. With it’s hybrid drivetrain, this car sports 1,126 estimated horsepower. This is a combo of electric and gasoline elements producing power. The motor itself is a Cosworth 6.5-liter V12 engine. That in itself could make this a hypercar, but electrical motors can take it even further. The Valkyrie will set Aston Martin history as the first hypercar by the company. In conclusion, Aston Martin is really stepping up in the sports car and hypercar realms of the auto industry.

How Does a Carburetor Work?

How Does a Carburetor Work?

The History of the Carburetor

Modern engines use an electronic fuel control system but that was not always the case. Prior to the 1980’s, most cars relied on a mechanical device called a carburetor. Nowadays, carburetors are still popular with street racers. Getting that perfect air-fuel blend is kind of like the Holy Grail for racers.

The Mercedes company can claim responsibility for the development of the carburetor. A carburetor regulates the air and fuel mixture in a gasoline engine so that the fuel burns properly. Since they were first developed in the late 1800s, the design and complexity have changed, but the essential workings are the same.

Air + Fuel + Spark = Go

Bendix-Technico (Stromberg) BXUV-3 Carburetor with Nomenclature - Overview - Scheinwerfermann on Wikipedia - EuroDrift

Bendix-Technico (Stromberg) BXUV-3 Carburetor with Nomenclature – Overview – Scheinwerfermann on Wikipedia – EuroDrift

The workings of a carburetor are not too tough to understand. Let’s examine the flow of air and fuel as they move through the device:

  1. As air flows through the car’s air intake, it passes through a filter. The cleaned air enters the top of the carburetor.
  2. When the car is first being started, a choke restricts the amount of air coming in so that there is a greater flow of fuel into the cylinders. In older cars, this choke was manual, but more modern cars have automatic chokes.
  3. The air is forced into a narrowed portion of a tube, called a venturi. The pressure drops and creates a vacuum.
  4. Fuel is drawn into the vacuum.
  5. A valve called a throttle, opens or closes, depending on whether you want the car to accelerate or decelerate. If the throttle opens, then more air and fuel are pumped into the cylinders. As the piston rises in the cylinder, the spark plug ignites the mixture.

As you can see, it’s pretty straightforward. However, if too much fuel reaches the engine (running rich), or too little (running lean), then you won’t get maximum power.

Nowadays, most cars use electronically controlled fuel injection methods rather than carburetors. Companies such as Audi continue to tweak electronic fuel injection systems to optimize functionality in their automobiles. Regardless, carburetors were the original method of fuel injection worldwide.

How Carburetor Works – AuttoSource – YouTube

Note: The featured image is by Rich Niewiroski Jr. on Wikipedia.

Ferrari 488 Pista Spider at Monterey 2018

Ferrari 488 Pista Spider at Monterey 2018

Ferrari 488 Pista vs. Lamborghini Huracan

Ferrari 488 Pista Spider - Front Corner with Closed Roof - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift
Ferrari 488 Pista Spider – Front Corner with Closed Roof – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

Unveiled during Monterey Car Week, the Ferrari 488 Pista Spider has all the performance upgrades of the 488 Coupe, plus open-air driving. This makes it competitive with the Lamborghini Huracan Performante. However, the engines are quite different and the result is that the Pista is faster off the line.

Ferrari 488 Pista Spider

Ferrari 488 Pista Spider - Side - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift
Ferrari 488 Pista Spider – Side – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
  • 3.9-Liter V8 Bi-Turbo Gasoline Engine
  • 7-Speed Dual Clutch Auto Transmission
  • Rear-Wheel Drive
  • 711 HP, 8000 RPM
  • 568 LB.-FT. at 3,000 RPM
  • 0-124 MPH in 7.6 Seconds

Lamborghini Huracan Performante

Lamborghini Huracan Coupe - Front Corner - Fabspeed Open House & Exotic Car Meet 2017 - EuroDrift
Lamborghini Huracan Coupe – Front Corner – Fabspeed Open House & Exotic Car Meet 2017 – EuroDrift
  • 5.2-Liter V10 Naturally Aspirated
  • 7-Speed Dual Clutch Auto Transmission
  • Four-Wheel Drive
  • 630 HP, 8,000 RPM
  • 443 LB.-FT. at 6,500 RPM
  • 0-124 MPH in 8.9 Seconds

The Pista has a wheelbase of 2650 mm, making it a bit wider and easier to handle in the corners. Apart from that and the slight speed edge, the two cars are virtually neck and neck. The Lamborghini comes with a high price tag so we are curious where the Spider’s price point will fall.

The Spider Cuts Weight

Ferrari 488 Pista Spider - Rear Corner - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift
Ferrari 488 Pista Spider – Rear Corner – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

The Pista was built for the track. In fact, “Pista” is the Italian word for “track.” Whether you are looking at the new Spider or the Coupe, 0-62 mph in 2.85 seconds is pretty fast. The fact that the convertible matches the speed of the coupe is even more impressive given that it weighs more.

Ferrari 488 Pista Spider - Cockpit - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift
Ferrari 488 Pista Spider – Cockpit – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

A lot of effort went into reducing the weight of the Spider. First, they replaced the alloy rims with carbon fiber wheels. Ferrari also took out the carpets and even replaced the metal door handles with straps. Yet, after modifications, the Spider still weighed 220 lbs more than the Pista Coupe.

Ferrari 488 Pista Spider - Interior - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift
Ferrari 488 Pista Spider – Interior – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

Ferrari’s Not Divulging the Price

Ferrari 488 Pista Spider – Official Video – Ferrari – YouTube

Despite inquiries, Ferrari has been pretty hush-hush regarding the price of the new 488 Pista Spider. The automaker also hasn’t set a release date. However, the unveiling in Monterey may have set the stage for the launch.

Ferrari 488 Pista Spider - Overhead - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift
Ferrari 488 Pista Spider – Overhead – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

Note: All of the pictures are property of the Ferrari manufacturer.

Ferrari 488 Pista Spider - Rear - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift
Ferrari 488 Pista Spider – Rear – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic: An Autonomous Van Concept

Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic: An Autonomous Van Concept

An All-Electric Autonomous Van

As life moves into the future, brands such as Mercedes-Benz are attempting to shape the way for humanity. Recently, the Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic was shown to the public. The Urbanetic is an autonomous van concept that runs on battery-electric. The purpose of this vehicle is to help reduce congestion via a 24/7 runtime for passenger hauling services. With the Urbanetic, Mercedes aims to contribute to a whole new segment of mobility. This includes a capacious, comfortable, efficient, and sustainable design. But, this car, truly begins its prowess from its battery-electric platform.

Battery-Electric Platform Design

Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic - People-Mover Setup - Hauling Riders on Bridge - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic – People-Mover Setup – Hauling Riders on Bridge – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

The Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic begins with its battery-electric platform. This system is the way of the future and provides green commuting accessibility. With a battery system, the car can run on a regular schedule, simply charging every time it is necessary. As battery-operated vehicles become more popular, the battery charging time has dissipated. Recently, the all-electric Audi PB18 e-tron made its debut as a sports car to charge in 15 minutes flat via 800-volts. Obviously, quick charging will be necessary to make this van concept worthy of transportation purposes. But, even furthermore, is the fact this car can alternate between cargo and people-moving within minutes.

Cargo-Van Body Functionality

Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic - Cargo-Van Setup - Front Corner - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic – Cargo-Van Setup – Front Corner – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

With the Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic, the functionality can be altered for multiple purposes. This begins with a cargo-van functionality option. The rear of the van can provide 353 cubic feet of space. This allows for 10 pallets at once, obviously wit the help of 12-feet of load space. So, this van can handle traditional cargo transport as well as last-minute deliveries. But, this isn’t the only way the space can be allocated for usage. Not surprisingly, this car also features a people-moving function as well.

From Cargo-Van to People-Mover

Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic - People-Mover Setup - Front Corner - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic – People-Mover Setup – Front Corner – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

The Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic not only allows for cargo usage, but also people transport. With the large allotment of space in the rear, this vehicle can handle up to 12 people. Furthermore, this car keeps in mind the pedestrians outside of the vehicle. On the front and sides, this car lets civilians know that the vehicle is aware of their presence. This allows bystanders to feel comfortable crossing in front of the vehicle at an intersection. So, while keeping passengers comfy, it is also keeping pedestrians safe. It won’t be surprising in the future when services such as “Uber Pool” end up providing a Urbanetic-style van to transport people at cheap rates.

Autonomy & Electric are the Future

Mercedes-Benz Vision URBANETIC: Mobility for Urban Areas – Mercedes-Benz – YouTube

As the Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic shows, autonomy and electric motors are the future. From the Audi PB18 e-tron to the Vision Urbanetic, manufacturers are moving forward to the next stage of auto engineering. Initially, Tesla led the way for worldwide companies, but now everyone is joining in on the action. What was once a quiet, unsure market, is now the way for all. The sound of the motor may be missed, but will still be available, as gasoline cars will most likely never be fully outlawed. Regardless, transportation will become efficient and reasonable moving forward. One day, these type of vehicles will rotate major cities, running passengers to destinations far and wide.

Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic - Different Setup Options - Front Corners - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic – Different Setup Options – Front Corners – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

All-Electric Audi PB18 e-tron at Pebble Beach 2018

All-Electric Audi PB18 e-tron at Pebble Beach 2018

Presentation at Pebble Beach 2018

At Pebble Beach Automotive Week 2018 in Monterey, California, Audi revealed the PB18 e-tron. The all-electric Audi PB18 e-tron is a mid-engine high-performance sports car with electric drive. Broad and flat, this car’s inspiration is the track and wind tunnel. Furthermore, this car has absolutely no comfort features or automation. So, unfortunately, it won’t get you from point A to point B automatically. Regardless, this car is no surprise as the auto market aims towards a mostly electric future. With the PB18, Audi didn’t hesitate to show off at Pebble Beach.

Monocoque Shell for Optimal Driver Placement

Audi PB18 e-tron - All-Electric Concept - Interior - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

Audi PB18 e-tron – All-Electric Concept – Interior – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

“We want to offer the driver an experience that is otherwise available only in a racing car like the Audi R18. That’s why we developed the interior around the ideal driver’s position in the center. Nevertheless, our aim was to also give the PB18 e-tron a high degree of everyday usability, not just for the driver, but also for a potential passenger.” – Gael Buzyn, Head of the Audi Design Loft in Malibu

Showing up to Pebble Beach Automotive Week, the PB18 came prepared to impress. Starting with the interior, this car features a monocoque shell. This allows for lateral movement of the driver seat and steering system. So, for the track, the seat can sit in a center position just like the McLaren F1. On top of that, if the driver seat is positioned in a typical spot, such as left or right, a passenger seat becomes available. This is possible due to the by-wire design for the steering and pedal layout. Beyond the interior, the car is made of aluminum, carbon, and multi-material composites. Just these two features, the interior and frame, make this car a true race car.

Three Electric Motors & Quattro

Audi PB18 e-tron - All-Electric Concept - Driving on Track - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

Audi PB18 e-tron – All-Electric Concept – Driving on Track – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

The all-electric Audi PB18 e-tron sports 3 electric motors as well as Audi’s signature Quattro. There is one motor in the front with 201 horsepower and two in the rear with a combined 469 horsepower. This means the PB18 has 671 horsepower total on top of it’s 612 lb.-ft. of torque. With boosting, the car can temporarily jump to 764 horsepower to really put the power down. This power setup allows the PB18 to reach 62 mph in slightly over 2 seconds. Fortunately, for traffic situations, max speed can be limited to increase range. Finally, the rear motors are located between steering knuckles driving one wheel each via half-shaft.

Top-Notch Battery System

Audi PB18 e-tron - All-Electric Concept - Headlights - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

Audi PB18 e-tron – All-Electric Concept – Headlights – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

To no surprise, the all-electric Audi PB18 e-tron has a top-notch battery system. Starting with the battery itself, it is a liquid-cooled solid-state setup with 95kWh. This allows the PB18 to cover 310.7 miles with WLTP. With an 800-volt charging requirement, this car reaches full capacity in around 15 minutes. That is quick, closing on the gap between gasoline and battery refueling. Furthermore, the battery recovers energy while braking as it is primarily used to slow down the car. The hydraulic brake only functions under heavy braking.

A final note about the all-electric Audi PB18 e-tron is that is can wirelessly charge. Yes, you read that correctly, the PB18 doesn’t need a charger cable. While a charging cable is an option, the car can also charge via induction. To charge cordlessly, this requires the Audi Wireless Charging (AWC) system. For this to work, a charging pad with integral coil is placed on the floor where the car will be parked. This connects it to the power supply. For a deeper understanding, this allows an alternating magnetic field to induce an alternating voltage in the secondary coil fitted in the floor of the car, across an air gap. And no, it will most likely not shock you, as that would be an insane liability for Audi.

A Race Car Suspension System

The all-electric Audi PB18 e-tron sports a race quality suspension. Obviously, the system begins with front and rear independent systems. On the front, there is a push-rod setup. As per the rear, there is the typical pull-rod format. Furthermore, in both cases, this works in conjunction with adaptive magnetic ride shock absorbers. Basically, the Audi R18 e-tron quattro Le Mans racing car serves as the basic architecture for the PB18.

The Future is Here with All-Electric Race Cars

Audi PB18 e-tron – Next-Gen Audi Supercar – YOUCAR – YouTube

With the release on the all-electric Audi PB18 e-tron, the future is here. For years, companies and people were unsure of the electric auto market and any potential it held. Now, most companies realize the truth, that electric power is the way of the future. Not only will this allow for cleaner energy usage, but it will also provide better performance. Each year, more and more beautiful EVs are introduced to market. In conclusion, the Audi PB18 is a vision of what to expect on the market in the near future.

Audi PB18 e-tron - All-Electric Concept - Rear Overview - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

Audi PB18 e-tron – All-Electric Concept – Rear Overview – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

Who Invented the First Automobile?

Who Invented the First Automobile?

There is No Straightforward Answer

Nowadays, automobiles are a part of daily life every day for many people worldwide. This can lead a person to wonder, who invented the first automobile? Well, there is no true straightforward answer. According to the Library of Congress, Karl (Carl) Benz is the inventor of the automobile. The history of building automobiles dates back to Leonardo da Vinci’s designs in the 15th century. On top of this, there are many different types of auto designs including electric, gas, and steam engines. Furthermore, there are numerous styles that differentiate vehicle types.

Before Karl Benz (1769 to 1839)

Le Fardier de Cugnot à Rétromobile – Johann Marmier – YouTube

From 1769 to 1839, the debate of who invented the first automobile begins. Starting with Nicholas-Joseph Cugnot from France. In 1769, Cugnot built the first steam self-propelled road vehicle. This was a military tractor for the French army with three wheels and a top speed of 2.5 mph. As it was a self-propelling vehicle, many debate if this was the first official vehicle. Next, from 1832 to 1839, Robert Anderson from Scotland worked on an electric carriage design. This electric carriage was the next tip of the debate, but not much else is available on this setup.

Karl Friedrich Benz (1885-1886)

The First car ever running live! The Benz Motorwagen (1885) – SquirrelAndRope – YouTube

Karl Friedrich Benz is the Library of Congress’ answer to “who invented the first automobile?”. From 1885-1886, Benz built the first “true” automobile. This vehicle uses gasoline as the power source. Furthermore, the vehicle features an internal combustion engine. This engine has a three wheel and four-cycle setup. The engine and chassis form a single unit. Lastly, this invention has a patent in Germany. For further information, look into Germany Patent DRP No. 37435.

After Karl Benz (1876-1893)

Gottlieb Daimler | automobile inventor – Daimler AG – YouTube

After Benz, there are three further people who some say are responsible for the automobile. So, Karl Benz is the Library of Congress’ answer to “who invented the first automobile?”, but others may digress. In 1886, Gottlieb Wilhelm Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach from Germany built the 1st four wheel, four-stroke engine setup. This gasoline vehicle is known as “Cannstatt-Daimler”. Next, there is George Baldwin Seldon in 1876 and 1895 from the United States. Selden’s design is a carriage with a internal combustion engine. This gasoline automobile was never manufactured but has a patent (patent no: 549,160 from 1895). Selden did however collect royalties for this design.

Lastly, there is Charles Edgar Duryea and his brother Frank. Located in the United States, the Duryea brothers design the first successful gas-powered car. This vehicle has a 4 horsepower two-stroke motor. Furthermore, the Duryea brothers also setup the first American car company. So, if someone wonders, “who set up the first American car manufacturing company?”, here’s your answer. Regardless, each of these designers have some type of contribution to the modern-day evolution of cars. For now, let’s skip the debate of who invented the first SUV or sports car.

Special Thanks to Karl Friedrich Benz

World’s First Car! – Veritasium – YouTube

Overall, the answer to “who invented the first automobile?” stands for Karl Friedrich Benz. At least, according to the Library of Congress. Obviously, this decision wasn’t the easiest and should be respected as one of the top possibilities. Regardless, anyone who owns a vehicle owes a special thanks to Benz. This man’s invention made possible what human life is today. Without automobiles, the world would drastically change back in time. Every single day, millions of people drive cars to get to work, go shopping, or hang with friends. In conclusion, thank you Karl Benz, for providing the path for modern transportation.

Reference: Library of Congress – https://www.loc.gov/rr/scitech/mysteries/auto.html

Ferrari 641: 6 Wins in 1990 Formula 1 Season

Ferrari 641: 6 Wins in 1990 Formula 1 Season

The Formula 1 Ferrari 641

Ferrari 641 - Formula One Race Car - Front Corner - Wikimedia Commons - EuroDrift

Ferrari 641 – Formula One Race Car – Front Corner – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift

In the 1990 Formula 1 season, Ferrari used the 641, also known as the F1-90. This Formula 1 racing car was the main vehicle of the Ferrari racing team for the entirety of the season. The Ferrari 641’s design is by Enrique Scalabroni and Steve Nichols. Furthermore, Steve Nichols was a McLaren designer who helped the project. With 6 wins during the 1990 Formula 1 season, the Ferrari 641 was competitive with McLaren, but at 10 horsepower less. At high speed, the 641 held its ground regardless of the power difference.

Ferrari Tipo 036/037 3.5-Liter Mid-Engine V12

Ferrari 641 - Formula One Race Car - Front Corner - Wikimedia Commons - EuroDrift

Ferrari 641 – Formula One Race Car – Front Corner – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift

The Ferrari 641 sports a Ferrari Tipo 036 3.5-liter mid-engine V12. This motor is capable of 680 base horsepower. Furthermore, the engine works in combo with a 7-speed semi-auto transmission. In San Marino, the 641 withheld the number 037 engine instead. This motor works on Agip fuel, a former Italian auto gasoline. To get the power to the ground, the 641 has Goodyear tires. The Ferrari 641, or F1-90, definitely packed the power to compete in the 90s Formula 1 season.

Race Worthy Engineering: Chassis & Suspension

Ferrari 641 - Formula One Race Car - Side - Wikimedia Commons - EuroDrift

Ferrari 641 – Formula One Race Car – Side – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift

The Ferrari 641 Formula 1 race car was built with a race worthy chassis and suspension. Firstly, the 641’s chassis comprimes a Kevlar and carbon fiber composite monocoque. Next, the suspension differs slightly in the front and rear. Both the front and the rear contain anti-roll bars, double wishbones, and telescopic shock absorbers. In the front, there is push-rod actuated torsion bar springs. On the other end, in the rear, there is push-rod actuated coil springs. Surprisingly, only one 641 chassis is non existent today due to destruction in testing. Lastly, while two remain in museums, four are privately owned by collectors.

A Throwback to 1990 Formula 1 Racing

Ferrari 641/2 – 1990 (Emozione Ferrari) – sagitt76 – YouTube

This Ferrari 641 article is basically a throwback to the 1990 Formula 1 Racing season. Although this vehicle was not the best race car on the track, it still won 6 races. One of these vehicles was also in a famous collision at the Japanese Grand Prix with the McLaren race car. The Ferrari 641 and the McLaren battled it out frequently for whom was the best car. Regardless of who was better, both cars deserve respect from car enthusiasts worldwide. In conclusion, the Ferrari 641 was a beastly feat of engineering that competed with the “crème de la crème” (cream of the crop).

Ferrari 641 - Formula One Race Car - Rear Corner - Wikimedia Commons - EuroDrift

Ferrari 641 – Formula One Race Car – Rear Corner – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift

Ferrari 641 - Formula One Race Car - Actively Racing - Wikimedia Commons - EuroDrift

Ferrari 641 – Formula One Race Car – Actively Racing – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift

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