Search for: "peugeot"
Renault Seeks to Condense Auto Market
In 2019, Renault is currently seeking to obtain a merger with Nissan. This would allow Renault and Nissan to pursue Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) via bidding. Multiple manufacturers show interest in purchasing FCA amid its current decline to rebuild the brand under new leadership. The other companies include manufacturers such as Peugeot. Currently, Renault is involved in the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi Alliance. This alliance is a Franco-Japanese strategic partnership. In combination, these manufacturers sell 1 of every 9 vehicles worldwide. Wow! That’s over 10% of the market! This alliance was found by Louis Schweitzer on March 27, 1999. Now, Renault seeks more than a simple alliance – but a full merger.
A Short Background of Renault
For those that don’t know, Renault is an automobile manufacturer from France. This French company builds cars and vans with a primary market in Europe. The company’s HQ is currently in Boulogne-Billancourt, France led by CEO Thierry Bolloré for the last 2 months. The currently production output for Renault is over 3 million vehicles last recorded by Google in 2016. With this many sales, this company seeks to grow substantially. By merging with other companies, capital and investing opportunities increase. This would allow Renault to be competitive moving into the future. Moreover, this would allow Renault to build a basis of operations in the U.S..
The Fate of FCA, Nissan, & Renault
So, this year, the outcome of the fate of FCA, Nissan, and Renault will most likely happen. Whether Renault and Nissan attempt to takeover FCA, or Peugeot wins the bet, time will only tell. Renault is a popular manufacturer in Europe. But it is not as well known in the states. By growing, this company can start to command more of the market. It could also offer some higher end vehicles to possibly compete with Audi and other companies. Overall, Renault’s merger is currently up in the air. Feel free to call the customer service line for more information… JUST KIDDING!
The Citroën C4 Picasso Edition
Citroën, a French automobile manufacturer, has a C4 model that it designates the Picasso edition. Whether this is a masterpiece, or not, this article will review the different aspects of the vehicle. Although Citroën does not currently offer sales in the U.S., it is still a popular vehicle brand in Europe. In recent auto news, there are hints that Citroën or Peugeot will attempt to re-enter the U.S. market in the years to come. Regardless, the 2018 Citroën C4 Picasso may not seem to be a special car, it truly offers a unique set of advanced features.
Six Total Engine Options for the Picasso Edition
The 2018 Citroën C4 Picasso is a fully customizable vehicle that begins with the three available trims and nine available engine options. Yes, nine total engine options are available for this vehicle. The available engine and transmission combos include the following:
- BlueHDi 100 Manual (Turbo Diesel) [98 Horsepower/74.3 MPG]
- BlueHDi 120 S&S 6-Speed Manual (Turbo Diesel) [118 Horsepower/74.3 MPG]
- BlueHDi 120 S&S EAT6 Auto (Turbo Diesel) [118 Horsepower/72.4 MPG]
- BlueHDi 150 S&S 6-Speed Manual (Turbo Diesel) [148 Horsepower/65.7 MPG]
- BlueHDi 150 S&S EAT6 Auto (Turbo Diesel) [148 Horsepower/64.2 MPG]
- PureTech 110 S&S 6-Speed Manual (Petrol) [109 Horsepower/55.4 MPG]
- PureTech 130 S&S 6-Speed Manual (Petrol) [127 Horsepower/56.5 MPG]
- PureTech 130 S&S EAT6 Auto (Petrol) [129 Horsepower/55.4 MPG]
- THP 165 S&S EAT6 Auto (Petrol) [162 Horsepower/48.7 MPG]
So, basically, there are petrol and turbo diesel engine options with differing power ratios. The most powerful engine is the THP 165 S&S EAT6 Auto petrol version with 162 horsepower. On the other hand, the best MPG is with the BlueHDi 100 or 120 S&S versions which both get 74.3 MPG. We will take a deeper look at the most expensive option, the BlueHDi 150 S&S Eat6 Auto. Furthermore, the the three available trims for this car are Touch Edition, Feel, and Flair in order by lowest to highest price. For this article, we will focus on the Flair edition.
BlueHDi 150 S&S EAT6 Auto: Most Expensive Engine Option
The most expensive engine option for the 2018 Citroën C4 Picasso is the BlueHDi 150 S&S EAT6 Auto option. This motor is a inline 4-cylinder engine that produces 148 horsepower and 273 lb.-ft. of torque. This allows this car to hit 62 mph in 10.1 seconds. The top speed for this engine is 129 mph, which is faster than you should want to go in this car. Surprisingly, this is 100 lb.-ft. more torque than the THP edition. So, in the end, you will accept 14 less horsepower for 100 lb.-ft. more torque… sounds like a deal to me.
Citroën C4 Picasso Exterior Overview
On the exterior, the 2018 Citroën C4 Picasso has a new design. The front contains Citroën’s 3-stage signature lights. For the rear, the vehicle features 3D effect rear lights. On the other hand, for paint jobs, there is an option for bi-tone which allows for a different color roof than body. The Picasso edition looks great in the Lazuli Blue color which is complemented by 17” black alloy wheels. Overall, the exterior may not look the most amazing but it has a ton of features to make up for it.
Picasso Edition Interior
The interior of the 2018 Citroën C4 Picasso has a ton of special features that may surprise anyone. First, there is the RELAX function. This means the front seats have an electric massager and adjustable-lumbar support. To take this to the next level, the front passenger seat has an electrically adjusted footrest. On top of this, the seats offer extra support headrests. This setup focuses on comfort and quality, just don’t expect Mercedes level leather.
The Connect Navigation System & Park Assist 360
The 2018 Citroën C4 Picasso offers a Connect Navigation system with a smart phone inspired 7” design. This system offers a Touch Drive interface as well as a 3D interactive navigation map. The navigation system also offers voice control as seen in most modern vehicles. From here, the vehicle also has an option for Park Assist 360 which covers every angle of the vehicle. This allows for maximum safety while parking anywhere.
Safety Features of the C4 Picasso Edition
On the safety side, the 2018 Citroën C4 Picasso has an insane amount of protection. Beginning with driver assists, this vehicle has an adaptive cruise control with stop function. Next, there is a driver attention alert system that checks driver responsiveness. Furthermore, this vehicle has active lane departure warnings as well as active blind-spot monitoring. On top of this, the C4 Picasso has active safety brakes and a speed limit recognition system. Lastly, the Picasso edition has an emergency collision alert system. All of these safety features combine to create a one-of-a-kind vehicle.
The 2018 Citroën C4 Picasso is a Masterpiece of Technology
Overall, the 2018 Citroën C4 Picasso is a vehicle with a ton of available options. Although the vehicle may not be an exteriorly beautiful masterpiece, it is a masterpiece technology-wise. From it’s advanced seats to it’s abundant safety features, this car is an example of what all basic vehicles should be. Fully loaded, with every option and the most expensive features, the C4 Picasso can be yours for slightly over $42,000. Unfortunately, this is only within the EU… for now. In conclusion, the 2018 Citroën C4 Picasso is a unique masterpiece that should hit U.S. markets.
What is the difference between a Turbocharger and a Supercharger? It may seem that the two terms are used interchangeably. However, if so, it would be in error. While they both augment an engine’s power, their components are completely different. Essentially, when considering superchargers vs turbos, you are looking at the price and complexity of the part.
What is a Supercharger?
A supercharger is a part of an automobile which works to increase the air density or pressure supplied to the internal combustion engine of the vehicle. This air compressor offers increased power to the engine by giving more oxygen to it in each intake cycle. Therefore, a supercharger enables the engine to do more work and burn more fuel.
Superchargers can be categorized into two main types: dynamic compressors and positive displacement. Dynamic compressors deliver pressure at high speeds, usually above a threshold speed. Positive displacement compressors and blowers deliver pressure increase at a constant level at all engine speeds.
What is a Turbocharger?
When a turbine provides power for the supercharger, the supercharger is referred to as a turbo or turbocharger. The exhaust gas powers these turbine-driven units. They force air into the combustion chamber to increase power and efficiency of the internal combustion engine. Due to forcing extra air, the engine adds more fuel proportionally into the combustion chamber. This further leads to improved output results of the engine.
How Superchargers and Turbochargers Work
The amount of boost produced by a supercharger depends on the impeller rotational speed and size, and the type of compressor. The maximum operating speed of an automotive supercharger is usually over 30,000 RPM while that of a turbo is over 100,000 RPM. Until the impeller reaches the point of maximum speed, the compressor doesn’t produce its full boost.
Turbochargers use centrifugal compressors. They boast the same limitations as a supercharger. In a turbo, the speed of the impeller depends on the speed of the exhaust stream and not on the engine’s speed. The turbine’s speed is not fixed; it changes with the position of the throttle.
The turbine spins below its boost threshold at steady cruising speed. When pressing the gas pedal, there is an increase in speed of the exhaust gasses. This results in the acceleration of the turbine. It takes a bit of time for the turbine to overcome its own inertia and to reach the peak speed. This produces a brief delay, which is termed turbo lag.
The amount of boost produced affects the severity of turbo lag. A number of efforts have been made to reduce turbo lag. The list includes reducing the turbine mass, changing their shape, adding movable nozzles, and others.
Some cars use two or more different sized sequential turbochargers, where the smaller turbo responds with good low-speed, and the bigger one provides a maximum boost at peak speeds. A few vehicles such as the 1986-1988 Porsche 959 as well as the 2007 Peugeot 407 2.2 HDi use sequential turbochargers.
It is easier to reduce turbo lag with a turbo featuring low maximum boost. The turbo with light pressure used by some Volvo and Saab engines doesn’t produce good boost, but they have a fairly linear power curve and minimal lag.
Two-stage turbo-superchargers are an even more complex alternative. They use both a turbocharger and an engine-driven supercharger in sequence. This kind of supercharger produces maximum boost even at low speeds. Volkswagen uses this concept with its twincharger engines.
Key Differences between the Turbo and Supercharger
- Space Requirement
- Mode of Driving Power
- Complexity and Cost
Now that you understand how a turbocharger and supercharger work, let’s take a moment to explore the key differences between them.
Turbos tend to be less responsive, but more efficient in comparison to the superchargers. Superchargers consume some amount of engine power even when they are not producing useful boost. The back pressure increased by the turbochargers in the exhaust also costs power. In the case of a turbo, the compressor, even at low speeds, can create some amount of internal drag. The increased power that’s provided by the compressor at maximum boost outweighs these parasitic losses, but the fact can’t be ignored that these losses affect the efficiency of the engine.
Both turbo and superchargers consume more space in the engine compartment and increase the weight of the vehicle. Typically, the bolt-on superchargers fit easily under the hood, and they weigh less in comparison to the weight of Turbo.
Mode of Driving Power
The engine drives a supercharger which connects through a belt to the crankshaft. A turbocharger’s turbine gets its power from the exhaust gas of the engine.
Complexity and Cost
In order to assure engine efficiency, the moving parts need to be strong and precisely machined. Turbos are made from exotic materials so they can withstand high temperatures and high operating speed of the exhaust system. Forced-induction engines demand proper lubrication, as they tend to put a high strain on the oil system of the engine. It is important to use good-quality oil to ensure best results. Additionally, frequent oil change is also important in superchargers in order to eliminate the possibilities of sludge build-up.
The best application for superchargers and turbos depends on the type of vehicle you outfit. You will find that the turbochargers are most commonly used in Europe because of the smaller engines in European cars. Overall, superchargers deliver better boost at lower RPMs, and they’re comparatively more reliable. Whichever you choose, you can count on boosted performance for your car.