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1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato

A Limited Production of 20 Units

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato - Front Corner with View - Wikimedia Commons - EuroDrift

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato – Front Corner with View – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift

During the 1960 London Motor Show, Aston Martin introduced the DB4 GT Zagato. The 1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato is a grand tourer (GT) coupe. Basically, the car begins as a DB4 GT. But, it receives alterations by the Zagato Factory in Italy, making it ever so greater. Thanks to Ercole Spada, this car became slightly smaller and more lightweight. From 1960 to 1963, Aston worked with Zagato to produce 20 total cars. Also, noteworthy, this car is to not be confused with its successor, the Aston Martin V8 Zagato.

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato - Side - Wikimedia Commons - EuroDrift

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato – Side – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift

3.7-Liter DOHC Straight-6 Engine

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato - Engine Bay - Wikimedia Commons - EuroDrift

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato – Engine Bay – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift

The 1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato sports a 3.7-liter aluminum twin-spark DOHC straight-6 motor. This engine produces 314 horsepower and 278 lb.-ft. of torque. Supporting the motor is a David Brown all-synchromesh 4-speed manual transmission. With a compression ratio of 9.7:1, this car can reach 60 mph in only 6.1 seconds. From 0 to 100 mph, the Zagato takes only 14.1 seconds. On the high end, this car can reach around 154 mph. For the time, this car was able to compete in Grand Prix and Le Mans racing events. Thankfully, due to the Zagato Factory, this car shed over 100 pounds from the base DB4 GT.

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato - Interior - Wikimedia Commons - EuroDrift

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato – Interior – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift

A Review of Parts & Specifications

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato - Front Fender - Wikimedia Commons - EuroDrift

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato – Front Fender – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift

As an older car, the 1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato has some top-notch specs from back in the day. Firstly, there is a rack and pinion steering layout, which can be seen in modern race cars as well. Next, there are wishbones, coil springs, telescopic dampers, and an anti-roll bar in the front. As per the rear, there is a live axle on coil springs. Furthermore, the brakes are Girling discs all around with no servo and separate master cylinders. On the carburetor side, there are three Weber 45 DCOE4 carbs. Finally, the car finishes off with Borrani 16×5” wire spoked alloy rims with Avon Turbospeed Mark II tires.

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato - Rear Overhead - Wikimedia Commons - EuroDrift

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato – Rear Overhead – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift

A Brief DB4 GT Zagato Racing History

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato - 1 VEV - Front Bumper - Silverstone 2009 - Wikimedia Commons - EuroDrift

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato – 1 VEV – Front Bumper – Silverstone 2009 – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift

At Goodwood in 1961 during Eastertime, the 1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato raced in its first outing. Surprisingly, the car was able to accomplish 3rd place while being driven by Stirling Moss. Next, the car made its own history by winning first place in the July 1961 British Grand Prix Support race. The model sporting “2 VEV” obtained the DB4 GT Zagato’s first victory under John Ogier’s Essex Racing Stable. Unfortunately, this car was crashed at Spa in 1962, requiring it to be rebuilt. This led to alterations which were later removed after another road accident. Finally, the DB4 GT Zagato Chassis 0200 participated in the 1962 24 Hours of Le Mans. Unfortunately, again, this car blew a piston after 9.5 hours of race time.

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato - 2 VEV - Rear - Silverstone 2009 - Wikimedia Commons - EuroDrift

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato – 2 VEV – Rear – Silverstone 2009 – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift

A Tip of the Hat to the DB4 GT Zagato

The Aston Martin DB4 GT Lightweight Is Much Stronger Than English Breakfast Tea – Petrolicious – YouTube

Overall, the 1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato is quite a spectacular vehicle. Initially, the MSRP of this car was $7,080 USD. At the time, this was enough money to buy a livable home. Not surprisingly, this car recently sold by RM Sotheby’s New York for $14,300,000. That is quite an increase in value for the car. Regardless, this car is worthy of its highly collectible status, especially due to 19 remaining. In conclusion, it is only right to tip a hat to the DB4 GT Zagato due to its unique history.

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato - Rear Corner - Wikimedia Commons - EuroDrift

1961 Aston Martin DB4 GT Zagato – Rear Corner – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift

2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera: The Ultimate Machine

2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera: The Ultimate Machine

Aston Martin’s Ultimate Machine

2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera - Front - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera – Front – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

The 2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera is Aston’s ultimate production vehicle. With a MSRP of $308,000 USD, this is one pricey Aston Martin. From front to rear, this vehicle arrives with a fine British design. Between a V12 engine and sporty light-weight materials, this car is quick across the board. If the crème of the crop is a preference, this car is for you. Furthermore, this DBS has a heavy basis in the DB11 AMR.

2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera - Front in Motion - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera – Front in Motion – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

Twin-Turbo DOHC 5.2-Liter V12 Engine

2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera - V12 Engine - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera – V12 Engine – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

Under the hood, the 2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera sports a twin-turbo DOHC 5.2-liter V12. This motor produces a whopping 715 horsepower and 663 lb.-ft. of torque. This is the same engine as the Aston Martin DB11 AMR, but with an extra 4.4 psi. This extra psi allows for gains of 85 horsepower and a 147 lb.-ft. of torque. Furthermore, this motor works in combo with an 8-speed auto transmission. Obviously, there are paddle shifters.
From 0 to 60 mph, the DBS Superleggera takes only 3.2 seconds. Furthermore, reaching 100 mph takes only 7.3 seconds. On a quarter mile, the DBS Superleggera completes it in 11 seconds. Phew… this is a quick Aston Martin. On the top end, the car can reach 211 mph. These stats place this car close to the realm of hypercars.

2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera - Side - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera – Side – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

Additional Features Over Base Model

2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera - Interior - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera – Interior – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

The 2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera arrives with a beastly V12, but also much more. Firstly, this car starts with a beautiful hexagonal grille on the front. Next, the body adorns carbon fiber racing material. Thirdly, there are leather upholstered high-performance seats. All of this works together to create a stunning sports car. Obviously, other features are optional on this car.

2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera - Rear Corner - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera – Rear Corner – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

The DBS Superleggera Shouldn’t Disappoint

New Aston Martin DBS Superleggera 2019 review – see why it IS worth £225,000! – carwow – YouTube

In conclusion, the 2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera is the ultimate machine. With the roaring V12 and the stylish racing body, this car is a treat to drive on the track. If $300,000 is in the ballpark, this car is definitely a great choice. The 8-speed transmission may seem too much, but the performance numbers show otherwise. There was a time when 7-speed transmission were “out there”, but now they’re the norm. Overall, the DBS Superleggera is another fine Aston Martin design.

2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera - Rear in Motion - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

2019 Aston Martin DBS Superleggera – Rear in Motion – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

McLaren 720S: MSO Pacific & Track Themes

McLaren 720S: MSO Pacific & Track Themes

Themes by McLaren Special Operations

Recently, McLaren Special Operations released two themes: Pacific & Track. Previously this year, the Atlantic theme had its debut. There is also the Velocity Theme as seen at the 2017 Geneva Motor Show, being the 1st MSO theme for the 720S. The color schemes by McLaren Special Operations (MSO) cater to enthusiasts with a bit more interest in style. The Pacific theme is a mix of blue hues representing an ocean whereas the Track theme is a mix of white and orange. Each of these color sets are special editions which will most likely have a production limit. Either way, both combos are stunning on the awe-inspiring McLaren 720S.

MSO Pacific Theme for the 720S

McLaren 720S - MSO Pacific Theme - Side - Manufacturer Pictures - EuroDrift
McLaren 720S - MSO Pacific Theme - Side - Manufacturer Pictures - EuroDrift
« 1 of 8 »

The McLaren 720S Pacific theme begins with blue hues representing the Pacific Ocean. The exterior begins with Cerulean Blue paint. Next, the accents on the car are a darker hue of Estoril Blue. This can be seen on the door intake region. Furthermore, all of the 720S carbon fiber is a Cobalt Blue tone. This includes carbon on the air intakes, front splitter, mirror casings, rear bumper, rear deck, rear diffuser, and roof. Lastly, blue reaches the interior by displaying on the seats and steering wheel. If the tones of the Pacific ocean are of interest, then this car is perfect.

MSO Track Theme for the 720S

McLaren 720S - MSO Track Theme - Front Corner - Manufacturer Pictures - EuroDrift
McLaren 720S - MSO Track Theme - Front Corner - Manufacturer Pictures - EuroDrift
« 1 of 9 »

Next, the McLaren 720S Track theme will be the focus. The first Track theme 720S was commissioned by McLaren Manchester. This car begins with an Anniversary White paint job inspired by the 1980s McLaren F1 theme. Next, black and orange accents extend to the doors, rear, hood, and wheels. For the wheels, there are black rims with an orange outer lip. Furthermore, the mirror caps are in a “speedy kiwi” design. Lastly on the exterior, the carbon fiber has a satin finish to save weight. On the interior, black Alcantara upholstery withholds orange contrast stitching. Finally, the lightweight titanium harness bar allows a 6-point harness.

Who Doesn’t Want a McLaren 720S?

Here’s Why the McLaren 720S Is Worth $300,000 – Doug DeMuro – YouTube

Truthfully, who doesn’t want a McLaren 720S? Well… maybe somebody out there. Either way, the MSO Pacific and Track themes please the eyes. If the Pacific layout is too light, check out the Atlantic theme tones. MSO did a great job with these new color combos. The real question is, what will come next? In conclusion, the McLaren 720S is an amazing sports car and these paints jobs only complement it further.

McLaren 720S - MSO Pacific Theme - Side - Manufacturer Pictures - EuroDrift

McLaren 720S – MSO Pacific Theme – Side – Manufacturer Pictures – EuroDrift

Porsche Taycan EV Specs Include 600+ Horsepower

Porsche Taycan EV Specs Include 600+ Horsepower

The Taycan Numbers Are In!

Finally, Porsche has released specs for the all-new Taycan EV vehicle, previously the Mission E. The Porsche Taycan EV specs are quite impressive. But, first the pronunciation of the name needs to be made clear. Porsche pronounces “Taycan” as “TIE-con”. Yes, it sounds like you are going to a comic con knock-off for ties. Regardless, this car is a beastly EV. To make up for the name, simply refer to the stats below!

Specification Estimates by Porsche

Porsche Mission E - Side with Open Doors - IAA 2015 - Wikimedia - EuroDrift

Porsche Mission E – Side with Open Doors – IAA 2015 – Wikimedia – EuroDrift

The Porsche Taycan EV specs are not exact but are simply expected ballpark numbers. The Porsche Taycan EV sports two permanently excited synchronous motors. These electric motors produce over 600 horsepower. This allows the Taycan to hit 60 mph in under 3.5 seconds with AWD. Furthermore, 124 mph will take around 12 seconds… phew! Lastly, the Taycan will contain a 800 volt battery. This battery will allow the Taycan to complete trips of over 300 miles per charge. Furthermore, a specific charger type will charge for 250 miles in as little as 15 minutes.

A Partnership for an EV Future

Mark Webber drives the Mission E at Porsche’s test track in Weissach. – Porsche – YouTube

With 300 miles per full charge, the Taycan will be capable of completing long distance road trips. But, many people worry about charging stations. Availability was a debate of the past, but not for long. BMW, Daimler, Ford, Porsche, & VW intend to build 400 fast-charging locations by 2020. The goal of this is to ensure charging stations are every 100 miles or so, at least in Europe. Regardless, this will heavily resolve many worries about charging EVs. With this leap in tech, EVs will be able to become a much worthier competitor. In conclusion, the Porsche Taycan EV specs are impressive and it is expected to have production info later in 2018.

Porsche Mission E - Rear Corner - IAA 2015 - Wikimedia - EuroDrift

Porsche Mission E – Rear Corner – IAA 2015 – Wikimedia – EuroDrift

2020 Aston Martin DBX: Another British Luxury SUV

2020 Aston Martin DBX: Another British Luxury SUV

Get Ready for the Aston Martin SUV

For the 2020 model year, Aston Martin plans to bring a 4-door crossover SUV to the market, the DBX. The 2020 Aston Martin DBX will be Aston’s attempt to join the luxury SUV market. Recently, many luxury brands have built their own style of SUVs. This includes manufacturers such as Aston Martin, Lamborghini, and even Rolls-Royce. With this vehicle, Aston hopes to increase its sales above 4,000 globally per year. But, this will heavily depend on the market reaction upon an official debut. By impressing everyone, Aston may be able to stand out in the luxury SUV market.

Features & Specifications

Initially, the Aston Martin DBX was on display as a 2-door concept at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show. From exterior to interior, this car should please most auto enthusiasts. Firstly, there will be a reworked component set of the DB11 coupe, mostly of aluminum. Secondly, the production version in 2020 should feature a Mercedes V8 engine. But, Aston does intend to release a fully electric SUV within a few years later. Thirdly, as per production, this vehicle is on track to be built in Wales. Unfortunately, for 2-door SUV enthusiasts, Aston doesn’t plan to build an AMC Spirit.

“To Be, Or Not To Be? That is the Question.”

FIRST LOOK: Aston Martin DBX Concept – Geneva 2015 – Shmee150 – YouTube

This famous quote by William Shakespeare in Hamlet, Act III, Scene I relates to this vehicle. But, with every new luxury SUV, this question falls present. Aston Martin does not want to embarrass itself with another failure such as the Lagonda SUV (not saloon). The Aston Martin Lagonda SUV was on display at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show. As per the 2020 Aston Martin DBX, this vehicle will have decent competition. These vehicles include the Bentley Bentayga, Lamborghini Urus, Rolls-Royce Cullinan, and the Tesla Model X. As per price point, the DBX is expected to cost around $225,000. This is decently more than the Model X but definitely cheaper than a Cullinan. In conclusion, time will only tell if the DBX will be successful… or not.

Aston Martin DBX 2-Door Concept - Rear Corner - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

Aston Martin DBX 2-Door Concept – Rear Corner – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

Note: The pictures for this article are of the 2-door concept DBX. The release DBX will be a 4-door variant. Aston Martin has not released official pictures yet for the rendition.

BMW to Debut at Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance 2018

BMW to Debut at Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance 2018

What Vehicle Will BMW Debut?

2018 BMW Z4 Roadster Concept - Front - BMW - EuroDrift

2018 BMW Z4 Roadster Concept – Front – BMW – EuroDrift

“Suffice it to say that this new model will certainly be an emotional addition to the BMW range.” – BMW Statement During Press Release

In 2018, BMW promises to debut an “emotional” vehicle at Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance. Thus, many people are pointing towards the official Z4 model release. In August 2017, BMW brought the Z4 Roadster Concept to the Pebble Beach Concours show. On top of the possible Z4 debut, BMW will also display the new 8-Series. Both cars are part of the new line-up that will hit markets for the 2019 model year. But, there is also no guarantee which car BMW will debut at the show.

The ‘2019’ BMW Z4

2018 BMW Z4 Roadster Concept - Side - BMW - EuroDrift

2018 BMW Z4 Roadster Concept – Side – BMW – EuroDrift

For the Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance 2018, there is speculation of a Z4 debut. If this is the case, it will most likely be a 2019 BMW Z4 due to the August timing. The BMW Z4 Roadster Concept officially debuted at Monterey Car Week last year. The expectations are that the Z4 will be offered in an inline-4 and inline-6 engine. The inline-4 starts around 180 horsepower and 200 lb.-ft. of torque. As per the inline-6, it should sport around 320 horsepower and 340 lb.-ft. of torque. At a price of $50,000 to $60,000, this car will be an impressive, affordable car. Although, in the end, the Z4 does relate closely to the new Toyota Supra. That car won’t hit market until next year.

Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance 2018

2018 BMW Z4 Roadster Concept - Interior Perspective - BMW - EuroDrift

2018 BMW Z4 Roadster Concept – Interior Perspective – BMW – EuroDrift

The Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance is a high-end luxury show at the world-famous Pebble Beach Golf Course. The event is held at the lodge with its prestigious location and rating. Each year, manufacturers bring new cars to display while spectators bring their finest collectible vehicles. General Admission Tickets start at a whopping $325 prior to August 1, and $375 beginning August 1. From there, prices only increase with the next level equating to $825 per ticket. Obviously, this event caters to the wealthy as the base tickets cost more than a Beyoncé concert.

BMW Expects to Impress the Spectators

2019 BMW Z4 Concept – Interior Exterior and Drive – CAR TV – YouTube

Overall, BMW expects to ‘wow’ the Pebble Beach spectators this year. While the 8-Series will be on display at the show, many still wonder what BMW will also bring to the table. The Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance is no joke, so BMW will hopefully make an impressive debut. The ‘2019’ BMW Z4 is a great option for a victory at the show. Many people have been waiting for the revival of the Z4, and no one will be disappointed with this design. In conclusion, time will only tell as the debut will be held on Sunday, August 26, 2018.

2018 BMW Z4 Roadster Concept - Rear Angle - BMW - EuroDrift

2018 BMW Z4 Roadster Concept – Rear Angle – BMW – EuroDrift

BMW M Models to Release as Electric Vehicles (EVs)

BMW M Models to Release as Electric Vehicles (EVs)

An Electric Future for BMW M Models

“For sure, all M vehicles will be electrified by the end of the next decade.” – Frank van Meel (BMW’s M Chief)

In recent years, auto manufacturers are moving towards electrifying their lineups. Not surprisingly, BMW must hop on the bandwagon at some point. BMW M models will release as electric vehicles at some point in the next decade. The quote above is a statement from Frank van Meel at a press conference to CarAdvice journalists. So, expecting an electrified M2 or M5 may not be a crazy thought. Either way, electric vehicles (EVs) are the way of the future. So, hopping on board is a requirement for most manufacturers at some point.

A Step-by-Step Process for BMW

2018 BMW M2 - Front - PAS 2018 - EuroDrift

2018 BMW M2 – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift

Below, a quote by Frank van Meel can be seen discussing a step-by-step process. For BMW, the BMW M model lineup will change with the right technology. Currently, BMW is working on its own hybrid technology. Astonishingly, BMW is designing its own electric motor, gearbox, and platform, from scratch. This is occurring while BMW is working on its fifth-gen architecture that’ll include powertrain options. But, BMW M is not in a rush to electrify the lineup. The BMW M division will await its own “better” technology.

“That’s going to happen step-by-step. The important question is the timing question – what’s the right time for that? If you’re too late then you’re too late, but if you’re too early then you don’t have the ‘straight to the point’ technology.” – Frank van Meel (BMW’s M Chief)

Dissatisfaction with Electrical Components

2018 BMW M4 - Front - PAS 2018 - EuroDrift

2018 BMW M4 – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift

One of the main reasons that the BMW M model lineup is not electrified is the components themselves. Below, Meel can be seen showing disappointment with electrical components. From his perspective, they are quite heavy which will effect weight and power-to-weight ratios. This will obviously lower the overall performance of the vehicle… but maybe not. BMW should look to Tesla for an understanding of EV technology. Why? Because Tesla has a sedan that can reach 60 mph in under 3 seconds. That is faster than most sports cars, including Ferrari and Lamborghini. So, electrical component weight is a poor reason for not advancing the fleet.

“Look at today’s electrification components, they are quite heavy and, for us as a motorsports company, overall vehicle weight and power-to-weight ratio is key.” – Frank van Meel (BMW’s M Chief)

The EV Future of BMW

Why BMW is Going All in With Electric Cars – Bloomberg – YouTube

In the future, within a decade, BMW M models plan to release with electrification. Regardless, by 2025, BMW plans to offer 40% electric powertrain models to the market. Electric vehicles are a growing trend and the way for the future. The beautiful sound of engines will be missed, but just as everything else, things change. It is time for the world to accept the future of the automobile. Performance and respect to the environment are both obtained with EVs. In conclusion, BMW is joining the ever-growing EV market with its models, one by one.

2018 BMW X2 - Front - PAS 2018 - EuroDrift

2018 BMW X2 – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift

Who Invented the First Automobile?

Who Invented the First Automobile?

There is No Straightforward Answer

Nowadays, automobiles are a part of daily life every day for many people worldwide. This can lead a person to wonder, who invented the first automobile? Well, there is no true straightforward answer. According to the Library of Congress, Karl (Carl) Benz is the inventor of the automobile. The history of building automobiles dates back to Leonardo da Vinci’s designs in the 15th century. On top of this, there are many different types of auto designs including electric, gas, and steam engines. Furthermore, there are numerous styles that differentiate vehicle types.

Before Karl Benz (1769 to 1839)

Le Fardier de Cugnot à Rétromobile – Johann Marmier – YouTube

From 1769 to 1839, the debate of who invented the first automobile begins. Starting with Nicholas-Joseph Cugnot from France. In 1769, Cugnot built the first steam self-propelled road vehicle. This was a military tractor for the French army with three wheels and a top speed of 2.5 mph. As it was a self-propelling vehicle, many debate if this was the first official vehicle. Next, from 1832 to 1839, Robert Anderson from Scotland worked on an electric carriage design. This electric carriage was the next tip of the debate, but not much else is available on this setup.

Karl Friedrich Benz (1885-1886)

The First car ever running live! The Benz Motorwagen (1885) – SquirrelAndRope – YouTube

Karl Friedrich Benz is the Library of Congress’ answer to “who invented the first automobile?”. From 1885-1886, Benz built the first “true” automobile. This vehicle uses gasoline as the power source. Furthermore, the vehicle features an internal combustion engine. This engine has a three wheel and four-cycle setup. The engine and chassis form a single unit. Lastly, this invention has a patent in Germany. For further information, look into Germany Patent DRP No. 37435.

After Karl Benz (1876-1893)

Gottlieb Daimler | automobile inventor – Daimler AG – YouTube

After Benz, there are three further people who some say are responsible for the automobile. So, Karl Benz is the Library of Congress’ answer to “who invented the first automobile?”, but others may digress. In 1886, Gottlieb Wilhelm Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach from Germany built the 1st four wheel, four-stroke engine setup. This gasoline vehicle is known as “Cannstatt-Daimler”. Next, there is George Baldwin Seldon in 1876 and 1895 from the United States. Selden’s design is a carriage with a internal combustion engine. This gasoline automobile was never manufactured but has a patent (patent no: 549,160 from 1895). Selden did however collect royalties for this design.

Lastly, there is Charles Edgar Duryea and his brother Frank. Located in the United States, the Duryea brothers design the first successful gas-powered car. This vehicle has a 4 horsepower two-stroke motor. Furthermore, the Duryea brothers also setup the first American car company. So, if someone wonders, “who set up the first American car manufacturing company?”, here’s your answer. Regardless, each of these designers have some type of contribution to the modern-day evolution of cars. For now, let’s skip the debate of who invented the first SUV or sports car.

Special Thanks to Karl Friedrich Benz

World’s First Car! – Veritasium – YouTube

Overall, the answer to “who invented the first automobile?” stands for Karl Friedrich Benz. At least, according to the Library of Congress. Obviously, this decision wasn’t the easiest and should be respected as one of the top possibilities. Regardless, anyone who owns a vehicle owes a special thanks to Benz. This man’s invention made possible what human life is today. Without automobiles, the world would drastically change back in time. Every single day, millions of people drive cars to get to work, go shopping, or hang with friends. In conclusion, thank you Karl Benz, for providing the path for modern transportation.

Reference: Library of Congress – https://www.loc.gov/rr/scitech/mysteries/auto.html

How to Avoid Drunk Driving 101

How to Avoid Drunk Driving 101

Drunk Driving Is Never A Good Option

Drunk driving is a major problem in the United States today. Every day, 29 people die due to alcohol-impaired vehicle crashes. This equates to one person every 50 minutes… wow. Fortunately, these numbers have fallen by a third in the last 3 decades. Regardless, this issue still takes the lives from over 10,000 people a year in the U.S. alone.

Overall, 28% of driving fatalities relate to alcohol. Sadly, 1,233 children were killed in 2016 alone due to alcohol-impairment while driving. These unfortunate statistics provided by the NHTSA for 2016 are utterly terrible. On top of the loss of life, the dilemma cost $44 billion USD in 2010. Now, it is time to make a change, starting with education. The purpose of this article is to provide 5 ways to reduce the risk of drunk driving.

1. Always Manage Alcohol Intake

Pouring Shots of Alcohol - Pixabay - EuroDrift

Pouring Shots of Alcohol – Pixabay – EuroDrift

Drunk driving is one of the worst decisions that one can make in life. It takes mere seconds for a driving accident to occur to anyone. This is why managing alcohol intake is very important. Alcohol can provide a fun experience to many, but it still needs to be used in moderation. Too much alcohol can lead to a hangover, and worse, even lead to disease or death.

Drinking responsibly is the best option for a happier, more fulfilling life. There are many views on how to accomplish this on the internet. Honestly, it seems the most reasonable option is one drink per hour with a bottle of water. This will help reduce hangover risk as well as help you manage intake. But, in reality, many people enjoy to down more than a few drinks a night. If this is the situation, be sure to thoroughly think about the 4 options below. The decision to drunk drive can cost you your life, or the rest of your life in expense and regret.

2. Choose a Designated Driver

Driving a Car - Designated Driver - Pixabay - EuroDrift

Driving a Car – Designated Driver – Pixabay – EuroDrift

Whenever planning to go out for a drink, it is a great choice to have a designated driver. Rather than drunk driving, pick a family member or friend to hold back on drinking that night. These people can still provide great company for the night. Even if they aren’t keeping up on the margaritas. Anyone that agrees to be a designated driver should plan to skip drinking that night. Or, only have 1-2 drinks over the course of a few hours. This way, impairment won’t be a concern for the ride home. But, do keep in mind, the weight of an individual does relate to blood alcohol content (BAC).

3. Lyft, Uber, or Taxi

Taxis in City - Pixabay - EuroDrift

Taxis in City – Pixabay – EuroDrift

In the United States, Lyft and Uber services are available pretty much everywhere. Drunk driving can be easily avoided in cities and surrounding areas by simply using these services. Lyft and Uber are transportation services in which a vehicle will pick-up and drop-off to specific locations. Taking a Lyft or Uber to the bar and back home is easy and safe. Although, it is always best to travel with friends, especially if impairment is high. Be sure to plan ahead as Lyft/Uber can handle multiple stops to drop everyone at home safely. A great idea is for the least impaired person to get home last, this way they can ensure everyone else makes it in safely. Worst case, if a Lyft or Uber isn’t available, a taxi can still be found on the streets in most cities.

4. Portable Breathalyzers

BACtrack Mobile Pro - Product to Scale with iPhone - BACtrack Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

BACtrack Mobile Pro – Product to Scale with iPhone – BACtrack Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

In modern years, portable breathalyzers have flooded the market. These devices, if used properly, can help avoid drunk driving. Although, it is best to be aware as the cheaper the product, the higher the chance that it will show incorrect data. If purchasing a portable breathalyzer is a though, be sure to do proper research to find the best options. For example, one well-known provider is BACtrack. Furthermore, be sure that the device is properly calibrated. This can be done by having a drink, waiting the specified time by the produce, and blowing into the mouthpiece. Sometimes, it may be hard to tell if the number is off, so be sure to check with the manufacturer.

5. Public Transportation

Metro Subway in Europe - Train Moving on Tracks - Pixabay - EuroDrift

Metro Subway in Europe – Train Moving on Tracks – Pixabay – EuroDrift

In 2018, public transportation on drinking night may not sound optimal. But, public transportation is safer than drunk driving. Public transportation includes buses, regional rail, and subway trains. These modes of transportation can offer safe means of travel. Firstly, buses run stops around designated pathways via the streets. Secondly, regional rail allows people to transport between long distance areas such as the far suburbs. Lastly, subway trains offer transport around the areas of the city. The best option is to plan ahead to understand where you’re going and how to accommodate it via the public transportation in your area.

Drunk Driving is Completely Avoidable

People Try A Drunk Driving Simulator – BuzzFeedBlue – YouTube

In conclusion, drunk driving is a completely avoidable scenario. Rather than drunk drive, consider drinking moderately, using transportation services, or designating a driver. Any of these options is a better choice than driving drunk. Be smart, it will reward you with life and less expenses and regret. This article absolutely doesn’t stand for giving up a good night out. Going out for a great time drinking can still be fun, just do it responsibly. Thanks for taking the time to read this article. Hopefully, it provides some insight into safer ways to handle nights on town.

Disclaimer: This article is written to provide ideas to the reader to avoid drunk driving. Any accident, incident, issue with ways above, or misunderstanding is at the risk of the reader. The company and website do not offer any guarantees on this content. This is written to bring awareness as these options are better than drunk driving.

Source of Data: NHTSA – https://www.nhtsa.gov/risky-driving/drunk-driving

2019 Ferrari 488 Pista: Most Powerful Maranello V8 in History

2019 Ferrari 488 Pista: Most Powerful Maranello V8 in History

The Newest 488 Model

2019 Ferrari 488 Pista - Front Corner - Manufacturer Picture - Eurodrift

2019 Ferrari 488 Pista – Front Corner – Manufacturer Picture – Eurodrift

In 2018, Ferrari revealed a new version of the 488, the Pista. The 2019 Ferrari 488 Pista has the most powerful V8 in Maranello history. Ferrari quotes that the 488 Pista is the “ultimate driving experience”. As the other 488 models, the Pista is a mid-engine, rear-wheel drive model. Furthermore, the 488 Pista is built with more racing technology than the other models. For anyone that doesn’t speak Italian, “pista” stands for “track”. Hence, this vehicle is quite the experience for the money. Starting at $350,050, the Pista can only go up in price from there… starting with carbon fiber wheels.

2019 Ferrari 488 Pista - Front - Manufacturer Picture - Eurodrift

2019 Ferrari 488 Pista – Front – Manufacturer Picture – Eurodrift

The Most Powerful Maranello V8

2019 Ferrari 488 Pista - Cockpit - Manufacturer Picture - Eurodrift

2019 Ferrari 488 Pista – Cockpit – Manufacturer Picture – Eurodrift

The 2019 Ferrari 488 Pista sports the most powerful V8 in Maranello history. This engine is a dry-sump twin-turbo 3.9-liter V8 with 710 horsepower and 568 lb.-ft. of torque. Not surprisingly, 50% of the Pista engine parts are new. The powerful Pista engine works in conjunction with a 7-speed dual-clutch transmission. From 0 to 60 mph, this car takes only 2.8 seconds. Furthermore, from 0 to 100 mph, it’s a quick 5.4 seconds. The Pista can complete a quarter mile in 10.4 seconds. Lastly, the top speed for this model is 211 mph. Note, these numbers are from Car & Driver.

2019 Ferrari 488 Pista - Interior - Manufacturer Picture - Eurodrift

2019 Ferrari 488 Pista – Interior – Manufacturer Picture – Eurodrift

Differences from the GTB and Spider

2019 Ferrari 488 Pista - Side - Manufacturer Picture - Eurodrift

2019 Ferrari 488 Pista – Side – Manufacturer Picture – Eurodrift

The 2019 Ferrari 488 Pista differs from the GTB and Spider in multiple ways. Firstly, as mentioned above, the engine contains 50% new parts. Secondly, there is a lighter crankshaft and flywheel. Thirdly, the titanium connecting rods allow for 17% reduction in inertia. Fourthly, the compression ratio is now 9.6:1. Finally, there are 8-10% stiffer springs that can still manage to be sports car comfy.

2019 Ferrari 488 Pista - Rear Corner - Manufacturer Picture - Eurodrift

2019 Ferrari 488 Pista – Rear Corner – Manufacturer Picture – Eurodrift

An Impressive Piece of Fine Art

Ferrari 488 Pista – Official Video – Ferrari – YouTube

On planet earth, the Italians are known for their fine design of clothing and vehicles. The 2019 Ferrari 488 Pista is just another display of this elegant appreciation of art. From front to rear, this car is stunning with the power of the horse on the logo. With the modifications on the Pista, GTB and Spider drivers will probably be jealous. Regardless, the GTB and Spider are also amazing Ferrari vehicles. In conclusion, the 488 Pista is another stunning jewel from the land of Italy.

2019 Ferrari 488 Pista - Rear - Manufacturer Picture - Eurodrift

2019 Ferrari 488 Pista – Rear – Manufacturer Picture – Eurodrift

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