VW Emissions Scandal & Why They Deserve a Second Chance
2018 Volkswagen Beetle Convertible – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift
For the 642,000 people working for Volkswagen, the actions of a few have altered their lives irrevocably.
You are probably aware that from 2006 to 2015, VW based their US sales strategy on selling “clean diesel” vehicles such as the Passat and the Jetta. They claimed that these vehicles rivaled electric-hybrids like the Toyota Prius in both performance and emissions.
Sales records show that as many as 580,000 found their way into the garages of unwary consumers. All of these customers thought they were buying high-performance, EPA-friendly autos.
But they weren’t.
Instead, they were actually purchasing vehicles which spewed 4x the legal limit of noxious fumes allowed by the US Nox Regulations.
Who’s to Blame for VW Emissions Scandal?
2018 Volkswagen Tiguan – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift
So, how did this fraud continue for close to a decade? Who knew and who didn’t?
Actually, the emissions scandal was the work of only a handful of people.
About 40 people, worked together to cover up the results of the failed emissions testing. The fraud went all the way to the top and there is little doubt that the CEO, Winkerton, knew of the issue in 2016. Many feel that he knew about it before then and may have had a hand in its execution.
Once the story broke, vehicle owners began filing civil lawsuits and criminal investigations began. Several executives found themselves facing jail sentences and VW’s CEO was forced to resign. In addition, the company was hit with billions of dollars in fines and settlements.
2nd Chances for VW Workers
Volkswagen’s diesel scandal, explained – The Verge – YouTube
Unfortunately, the lasting implications for the 642,000 auto workers who had nothing to do with the VW Emissions Scandal are real. VW sales have still not returned to same levels they were before the diesel scandal. Some US auto dealers reported that they had days during the past two years when they didn’t see a single customer in their showrooms.
Yet, finally, this past quarter, VW sales have started to climb.
According to Autodata, it looks as if VW has gained 12% over previous year’s sales. This could mean that the public is willing to forgive and forget now that those who engineered the VW Emissions Scandal have had to pay the piper.
2018 Volkswagen Atlas – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift
BMW Begins Offering Subscription Service in Nashville
2018 BMW M2 – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift
Just this week, BMW began testing their new BMW vehicle subscription service in Nashville, Tennessee. Similar to the Cadillac and Volvo subscription services, drivers can request vehicles through a mobile app and if desired, can even drive a different car every day of the month.
Once you request your car from the BMW subscription service, a concierge from the local dealer delivers the car to you. It comes fully fueled and detailed and you can even have them preset the car to match your preferences.
Lease, Buy, or Use the BMW Vehicle Subscription Service?
2018 BMW M4 – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift
Most people are familiar with the buying and leasing process. What they may not realize is how the BMW subscription service might better fit their needs.
A lease can allow you to drive a car for a lower monthly sum than it takes to finance a purchase. For many, it’s a way to drive a nicer car without having a hefty down payment. However, when leasing, you are tied to that one vehicle for the term of your lease and you still have to find auto insurance and maintain the car.
Subscription plans allow you to “own” or “rent” a car month-to-month. This is perfect for those who don’t want the hassle of owning or maintaining a car year around. The BMW subscription service also includes insurance, maintenance, and roadside assistance as part of the subscription fee.
How Much Does It Cost?
BMW’s New Subscription Service I Fortune – Fortune Magazine – YouTube
The cost of the BMW vehicle subscription service is similar to that of other car companies. For between $2,000 and $3,700, BMW lovers can pick between various models such as the BMW M2, the 5 Series, and the X5.
For hybrid enthusiasts, the 530e iPerformance and X5 xDrive40e iPerformance are also available.
As of now, the BMW vehicle subscription service is still in the testing phase. Nashville should allow them to learn and grow the program to better meet the needs of their customers before launching it across the country.
Lamborghini Diablo GT – Front – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift
In the 1990s, the Lamborghini Diablo was an iconic sports car that arrived in a ton of different variations. From 1998 to 2001, Lamborghini brought about the Diablo GT. The Lamborghini Diablo GT is a very limited production car with only 80 units in Europe. The Diablo GT differs from the other models due to its race orientation. This car didn’t only differ in minor aspects, but major as well.
The original base Lamborghini Diablo model has a 5.7-liter V12 with 485 horsepower and 428 lb.-ft. of torque. On the other hand, the Lamborghini Diablo GT has a larger 6.0-liter V12 engine. This larger V12 produces 575 horsepower and 465 lb.-ft. of torque. This equates to 90 additional horsepower and an increase of 37 lb.-ft. of torque. Furthermore, the engine works in combo with a 5-speed manual transmission. The Diablo GT can reach 60 mph in around 3.5 seconds as well as a top speed of 215 mph. Unlike the other Diablo models, the buyer had the option of choosing gear ratios on this transmission. Lastly, the car has RWD for lower weight in comparison to AWD.
Exterior Alterations from Base Diablo Model
Lamborghini Diablo GT – Side – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift
On the exterior, the Lamborghini Diablo GT differs from it’s predecessors. Overall, the car features more aggressive bodywork including carbon fiber, a steel roof, and aluminum doors. The styling difference begins with the black carbon fiber front air dam, large brake ducts, and a central vent for the oil cooler. The front fenders are wider than the base Diablo with small NACA style corner vents. Inside the front trunk, a large air extractor withholds the space. Alone, these changes are enough to make this car stand out from the other Diablo models.
On the rear end of the Lamborghini Diablo GT, the bumper and lamps were removed entirely. In place of the bumper, there is a carbon fiber diffuser. The back-up and fog lights were relocated into the tail lamps. Furthermore, there is a shielded large center-mounted exhaust pipe system. The rear also has a differing engine lid and a rear spoiler. On the roof, there is a large central ram air duct. Lastly, the car wears special 3-piece Oz wheels.
A Race Car Style Interior with Technological Options
On the interior, the Lamborghini Diablo GT also differentiates itself from the base model. The interior begins with carbon fiber panels in its stripped-down appearance. Secondly, there is race-spec bucket seats with 4-point seat belt harnesses. Thirdly, there is a smaller steering wheel meant for racing. On the optional side, there is an Alpine LCD screen for GPS as well as a bumper-mounted back-up camera. Surprisingly, AC is a feature of the Diablo GT, unlike many other race inspired vehicles. Lastly, air bags are included but can optionally be omitted by the buyer’s request.
Original MSRP of Around $300,000
Lamborghini Diablo GT (16/80) loud sound: backfire, hard revving and accelerating! – nonsolonoia – YouTube
The Lamborghini Diablo GT is quite a rare and unique collector car. Initially, the MSRP of the Diablo GT was around $300,000 USD. Furthermore, being only limited to Europe, a few Diablo GT models were imported into the U.S. and some were even converted to meet US road-legal specs. Most units remain in Europe but if lucky enough, one may be spotted at a car meet in the U.S. In conclusion, the Lamborghini Diablo GT is a RWD V12 beast that showcases the end of 90s sports car era.
2017 Aston Martin Rapide S – Rear with Doors Open – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
In early 2010, Aston Martin introduced the Rapide luxury sedan to the world. The 2017 Aston Martin Rapide S arrives in two different versions with slightly differing MSRPs. First, there is a Shadow Edition with a MSRP from $204,950. On the other hand, there is a base edition with a MSRP of $206,000. Surprisingly, the “special edition” is slightly cheaper than the base edition… that’s kind of odd, isn’t it? Either way, the Aston Martin Rapide is quite the unique British luxury sedan.
Development & Production of the Rapide
2017 Aston Martin Rapide S – Side – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
Not surprisingly, the 2017 Aston Martin Rapide S basis is the Vanquish. The Vanquish is one of Aston Martin’s most well-known and respected vehicles. This made it the preferred vehicle for the transition into a 4-door sedan. The Rapide is currently in production at the Gadyon, England plant. Previously, from 2010 to 2012, the car was built in Graz, Austria.
6.0-Liter DOHC V12 with 560 Horsepower
2017 Aston Martin Rapide S – Engine – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
The 2017 Aston Martin Rapide S sports a 6.0-liter QOHC 48-valve V12 engine. This motor withholds an aluminum block and heads as well as port fuel injection. Shockingly, the motor does not have a supercharger or turbo… just straight, raw power. At the peaks, the Rapide boasts 560 horsepower and 465 lb.-ft. of torque. This engine setup works in conjunction with the new 8-speed Touchtronic III ZF automatic transmission which shifts in just 130 milliseconds. The top speed of the Rapide is 203 mph. Overall, the Rapide has had a few overhauls in power with this being the newest design.
Quarter Mile in Only 12.4 Seconds
2017 Aston Martin Rapide S – Interior – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
The 2017 Aston Martin Rapide S can hit 60 mph in only 4.2 seconds. From 0 to 100 mph, it takes only 9.3 seconds. On the quarter mile, the Rapide S completes it in 12.4 seconds. Furthermore, on the 200-ft-diameter skid pad, the car has a road holding value of 0.93 g. For a luxury sedan, the Rapide is quite the performer. These values may not match the Vanquish, but they are absolutely fit for the track.
Features & Technology
2017 Aston Martin Rapide S – Dashboard – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
The 2017 Aston Martin Rapide S has a handful of typical features and technology. First, the car has a LED lighting system, which most modern cars contain. Secondly, the car sports the usual technology such as Bluetooth, navigation, and radio. Thirdly, there is a push start button for turning on the vehicle. Lastly, the car wears 20” wheels which complement the design very nicely. Although this car isn’t very futuristic technology wise, it meets the minimal requirements of the current era.
2017 Aston Martin Rapide S – Engine Start Button – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
The Rapide is a True Luxury Sports Sedan
Aston Martin – Rapide S – The World’s Most Beautiful 4-Door Sports Car – Aston Martin – YouTube
The 2017 Aston Martin Rapide S is a true luxury sports sedan. From it’s raw power V12 to it’s sporty design, this car offers the best of luxury and sport. With a MSRP of over $200,000, the ownership of this car is quite limited. This makes a car like this quite a spectacle to see on the road. For the luxury enthusiast, this car is a great complement to the car collection. In conclusion, the Rapide S is a great introduction of Aston Martin into the luxury sedan market.
2017 Aston Martin Rapide S – Differential, Steering, & Suspension Diagram – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
2010 Lamborghini Gallardo LP550-2 Valentino Balboni – Front Corner with Valentino Balboni – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
For the 2010 model year, Lamborghini built the Gallardo Valentino Balboni edition. The 2010 Lamborghini Gallardo LP550-2 Valentino Balboni is a dedication to Valentino Balboni. Valentino Balboni has been a member of Lamborghini since 1967. Back then, Ferruccio Lamborghini hired Balboni to be a driver whose focus was on dynamic attribute development. Valentino Balboni has been in this position since 1973 but retired in 2008 and now goes around the world as an ambassador. Either way, Balboni has been a major contributor to the Lamborghini brand for over 40 years. Not surprisingly, the Balboni edition arrived with only 250 units.
The 2010 Lamborghini Gallardo LP550-2 Valentino Balboni sports a mid-engine 5.2-liter DOHC 40-valve V10 engine. This motor has aluminum block heads as well as direct fuel injection. This engine produces 542 base horsepower and 398 lb.-ft. of base torque. Furthermore, the motor works in conjunction with a 6-speed manual transmission. In combination with a RWD drivetrain, the Balboni is a beastly sports car. This vehicle is the first RWD Lamborghini since the Diablo.
2010 Lamborghini Gallardo LP550-2 Valentino Balboni – Front Corner in White – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
The 2010 Lamborghini Gallardo LP550-2 Valentino Balboni differs from the base Gallardo in a multitude of ways. Firstly, the Balboni edition has a 43/57 front-to-rear weight distribution ratio. This is due to alterations such as the transmission being relocated to the rear. Secondly, another alteration is the 45% limited-slip differential that works better with the RWD system. Thirdly, the suspension has stiffer anti-roll bars as well as spring and damper tweaks. Lastly, on the interior, the Balboni arrives with black leather that works together with contrasting white segments.
Not surprisingly, the 2010 Lamborghini Gallardo LP550-2 Valentino Balboni offers quite a few expensive options. Firstly, Lamborghini offers heated electric seats for $3,630. Secondly, there is a carbon fiber engine dress-up option at $4,235. Thirdly, there is a ceramic brakes package at a steep price of $15,600. Yes, the options alone can add over $20,000 to the hefty price tag. The front brakes are 15” drilled, vented, carbon-ceramic discs with 14” versions in the rear. Furthermore, there are 3 caliper color options to go with the gray wheels. Either way, the Gallardo Balboni is quite an amazing feat of engineering.
The 2010 Lamborghini Gallardo LP550-2 Valentino Balboni is a powerhouse of a vehicle with amazing performance specs. From 0 to 60 mph, the Balboni edition takes only 3.6 seconds. Furthermore, for 0 to 100 mph, it takes only 7.8 seconds. On the quarter mile, the Balboni completes it in 11.6 seconds at 124 mph. The 5.2-liter V10 allows for a top speed of 199 mph. On the braking side, the vehicle can stop from 70 mph in only 173 feet. Lastly, this car hits 0.93 g on the g-force turning tests.
One of the Most Unique Gallardo Models
A Dream Ride In The Lamborghini Gallardo LP550-2 Valentino Balboni – Motor Trend Channel – YouTube
The 2010 Lamborghini Gallardo LP550-2 Valentino Balboni edition is one of the most unique Gallardo models. Initially, the car’s MSRP was $225,795 but the 8-year depreciation leads to a current price of around $150,000. Furthermore, this car boasts some additional tech such as a back-up camera, Bluetooth, and navigation. The Balboni edition is probably the most collector’s edition model of the Gallardo. In conclusion, the Gallardo Balboni edition is a phenomenal piece of engineering from the past.
For the 2018 model year, the Porsche Panamera E-Hybrid arrives in six different variants. Starting with a base model at a MSRP of $99,000, this car can reach up to $250,000 in its peak range. Currently, Porsche offers the Panamera in the following options: Base, Sport Turismo, Executive, Turbo S, Turbo S Executive, and Turbo S Sport Turismo. Each model varies in purpose but share only two engine options. In this article, each version of the Panamera E-Hybrid will be discussed in more detail. Furthermore, this article will act as an overview of the technology in the E-Hybrid.
2018 Porsche Panamera 4 E-Hybrid Base
The 2018 Porsche Panamera 4 E-Hybrid base model starts at a MSRP of $99,000. This vehicle arrives with a 2.9-liter twin-turbo V6. The V6 motor produces 462 horsepower and 516 lb.-ft. of torque. This allows the base model to hit 60 mph in only 4.4 seconds. Furthermore, this car sports all-wheel drive. Overall, this is the cheapest E-Hybrid in the Panamera market.
2018 Porsche Panamera 4 E-Hybrid Sport Turismo
The second stage of the Panamera E-Hybrid offerings is the 2018 Porsche Panamera 4 E-Hybrid Sport Turismo. This version starts at a MSRP of $104,000. The 4 E-Hybrid Sport Turismo shares the same motor as the base model with 462 horsepower and 0-60 in 4.4 seconds. This model variates from the base design with a sportier body including a different rear end. Another notable feature is the rear roof spoiler above the back window.
2018 Porsche Panamera 4 E-Hybrid Executive
The third available option for the E-Hybrid is the 2018 Porsche Panamera 4 E-Hybrid Executive. This model’s basis is a emphasis of luxury. Due to this, the E-Hybrid Executive is 0.1 seconds slower than the base and Sport Turismo models. Although it has the same horsepower of 462, this model is slightly heavier due to the executive styling. This model is for someone looking for a luxurious sedan while staying within the realm of Porsche. Not surprisingly, this vehicle starts with a MSRP of $104,100.
2018 Porsche Panamera Turbo S E-Hybrid
Stepping up into an entirely new level is the 2018 Porsche Panamera Turbo S E-Hybrid. The Turbo S E-Hybrid starts at $184,400, $80,000 more than the base V6 Executive or Sport Turismo. With this model, Porsche offers a beastly 4.0-liter twin turbo V8 with 680 horsepower. The V8 itself provides 550 horsepower while an electric machine produces 130 horsepower. This allows the Turbo S E-Hybrid to hit 60 mph in only 3.2 seconds. Phew, that’s as fast as a true sports car!
2018 Porsche Panamera Turbo S E-Hybrid Executive
The second to last model currently available on market is the 2018 Porsche Panamera Turbo S E-Hybrid Executive. This version starts at a MSRP of $194,800 containing the same engine as the base Turbo S E-Hybrid. The only different, as with the base Executive, is a 0.1 second 0-60 gain over the base and Sport Turismo models. Again, this is due to the emphasis on executive luxury which increases the weight of the vehicle. This vehicle targets people looking for a luxury sports car with a deep pocket. Overall, this is the most expensive Panamera E-Hybrid base option.
2018 Porsche Panamera Turbo S E-Hybrid Sport Turismo
For this year, there is the all-new 2018 Porsche Panamera Turbo S E-Hybrid Sport Turismo. This vehicle sports the same 4.0-liter twin turbo V8 as the base and executive Turbo models. Furthermore, this vehicle also maintains the 0-60 mph time of 3.2 seconds. Even furthermore, this vehicle is the second most expensive base Panamera E-Hybrid model. For someone interested in sport over luxury, this model is a better decision than the Executive version. Fully loaded with options, this car can reach close to $250,000!
The 2018 Porsche Panamera 4 E-Hybrid may arrive in six different variants but each vehicle offers a ton of features. First, the Panamera 4 E-Hybrid contains active AWD with Porsche Traction Management (PTM). Secondly, the engine works in combination with an 8-speed Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK) transmission. Thirdly, the vehicle also has Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control (PDCC Sport) and Porsche Vectoring Plus. On the suspension side, there is the well performing Porsche Active Suspension Management (PASM).
The 2018 Porsche Panamera 4 E-Hybrid has additional features and optional features. One major addition is the rear axle steering which enhances performance. Next, is the optional Porsche Ceramic Composite Brakes (PCCB). Furthermore, the optional Sport Chrono Package arrives with launch control for the car. Lastly, the Porsche Panamera 4 E-Hybrid has the option of 21” 911 Turbo design wheels.
LED Headlight Technology, Night Vision, & ParkAssist System
The 2018 Porsche Panamera 4 E-Hybrid has many advanced technological options ranging from headlights to parking assist. First, the vehicle arrives with LED headlights including Porsche Dynamic Light System (PDLS). For an additional cost, there is a package for LED matrix headlights including PDLS Plus. If this isn’t enough to see the road, even furthermore, there is an infrared night vision feature. Lastly, the car arrives with the ParkAssist system that provides a reverse camera as well as surround view.
Adaptive Cruise Control & Technological Assists
To no surprise, the 2018 Porsche Panamera 4 E-Hybrid boasts a ton of technological assists. First, there is an adaptive cruise control (ACC) option. To step further into the wallet, the ACC is available with Porsche InnoDrive. On the assist technology side, there is Lane Change Assist with Turn Assist. Basically, the car will recognize if it is safe to change lanes as well as help the driver do so. Furthermore, there is a Lane Keep Assist which has traffic sign and cornering recognition. Basically, this car is on the way to driving itself.
On the interior, the 2018 Porsche Panamera 4 E-Hybrid offers a ton of great options. First, the panoramic sunroof provides a great view for passengers in the vehicle. Second, if there is somebody in the back, there is a Porsche Rear Seat Entertainment setup that’ll impress anyone. Thirdly, the car contains a Four-Zone Automatic Climate Control including a touchscreen display in the rear. Each of these features create a technological powerhouse inside the vehicle.
BOSE or Burmester High-End 3D Surround Sound Systems
For the surround sound system, there are two great options for the 2018 Porsche Panamera 4 E-Hybrid. The cheaper option, the BOSE Surround System, offers 14 amplifier channels at 710 watts. The expensive option, the Burmester High-End 3D Surround Sound System, creates a concert hall in the vehicle. The Burmester features 21 loudspeakers and 1,455 total watts. Basically, the Burmester has twice as much power as the BOSE version. Lastly, the whole system comes together under the Porsche Communication Management (PCM) system.
The Panamera 4 E-Hybrid is a Spaceship on Wheels
The new Panamera Turbo S E-Hybrid Sport Turismo – Venture On. – Porsche – YouTube
The 2018 Porsche Panamera 4 E-Hybrid is basically a spaceship on wheels. From its manageable V6 to its beastly V8, this car offers a casual drive to a thrilling ride. Starting at only $99,000, this car can reach up to $250,000 by selecting certain models and options. Either way, this car is a beautiful sports sedan that will impress anybody. In conclusion, the Panamera 4 E-Hybrid is a one-of-a-kind tech powerhouse.
1999 Ferrari 550 Maranello – Driver Side – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift
From 1996 to 2001, Ferrari produced the 550 Maranello for the sports car market. The Ferrari 550 Maranello design is by Lorenzo Ramaciotti at Pininfarina. To no surprise, the 550 Maranello was built in Maranello, Italy. As a front-engine Ferrari, this car was debatable upon enthusiasts. Regardless of the debates, the 550 Maranello proved to be another Ferrari powerhouse vehicle.
5.5-Liter Tipo F133A V12 with 478 Horsepower
Ferrari 550 Maranello – Engine – Wikipedia – EuroDrift
The Ferrari 550 Maranello sports a 5.5-liter DOHC Tipo F133A V12 engine. In addition, this motor has 4 valves per cylinder and a variable length intake manifold. Furthermore, the 5.5-liter V12 engine produces 478 horsepower and 419 lb.-ft. of torque. In combo with a 6-speed manual transmission, the 550 Maranello can hit 62 mph in only 4.4 seconds. The 550 Maranello can complete 0 to 100 mph in 9.6 seconds. Lastly, this vehicle can complete a quarter mile in 12.5 seconds at 116.9 mph. The top speed of the 550 Maranello is 199 mph.
Double Wishbone Suspension & Technology
1999 Ferrari 550 Maranello – Front Corner – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift
The Ferrari 550 Maranello arrives with a double wishbone suspension. This suspension uses coaxial coil springs and dampers. Furthermore, there are front and rear anti-roll bars. For the steering, the car uses a rack-and-pinion system with variable power assist. On the technology side, the car offers an electronic driver aid system including anti-slip regulation. Lastly, the braking system design is a four-way ABS layout.
Ferrari 550 Barchetta Pininfarina
Ferrari 550 Barchetta Pininfarina – Front Corner – Wikipedia – EuroDrift
Although the 550 Maranello seems to be the most popular, there was also a 550 Barchetta Pininfarina model. This model is a convertible with no real top and a cautioned top speed of 70 mph. There were only 448 total models made which was increased from 444 due to Japanese market superstition. This vehicle has a different engine type with the same specifications. Basically, the difference is that it has a Tipo F133C motor instead of a Tipo F133A. There were also two other special models on the market including the Rossa and 550 GTZ. The Ferrari Rossa was a 70th anniversary edition for Pininfarina while the GTZ was a 90th anniversary edition. Not surprisingly, the GTZ MSRP was $1,600,000.
Ferrari Rossa Concept – Front Corner – Wikipedia – EuroDrift
2000 & 2001 International Engine of the Year
Here’s Why the Ferrari 550 Maranello Is Worth $150,000 (Or More) – Doug – DeMuro – YouTube
Overall, the Ferrari 550 Maranello is a beautiful take on a FWD sports car. With its unique styling and power V12, this car can appeal to most sports car fans. Not surprisingly, the 550 Maranello motor won the 2000 and 2001 International Engine of the Year. Currently, this car is available on the market for between $100,000 and slightly over $200,000. In conclusion, the 550 Maranello deserves the appreciation that the other Ferrari models experience.
1999 Ferrari 550 Maranello – Passenger Side – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift
1999 Ferrari 550 Maranello – Driver Side – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift
1940 Auto Avio Costruzioni 815 – Front – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift
The 1940 Auto Avio Costruzioni is the first vehicle designed and built by Enzo Ferrari in Modena, Italy. In 1938 Ferrari left his position at Alfa Romeo running the Scuderia Ferrari racing division. From here, he decided it was time for him to begin his own automotive manufacturer. Unfortunately, his contract with Alfa Romeo forbade him from reviving the Scuderia Ferrari racing team for 4 years. So, Enzo Ferrari went forward by creating a business titled Auto Avio Costruzioni (AAC).
The 1940 Brescia Grand Prix
1940 Auto Avio Costruzioni 815 – Front Corner – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift
Although his business’s purposes was to build aircraft parts for the Italian government, this is where he built his first car. In December of 1939, AAC was commissioned by Lotario, Marquis of Modena, to build two race cars for the 1940 Brescia Grand Prix. The race cars he built for Lotario would become the AAC Tipo 815. Enzo Ferrari’s first vehicle was able to participate in the 1940 Brescia Grand Prix. Unfortunately, both models didn’t finish due to engine problems. One of these vehicles was scrapped by Lotario’s brother while the other one was sold to a car collector in Italy.
The 1940 Auto Avio Costruzioni 815 is a 2-seat Barchetta with a 1.5-liter SOHC I8 engine. This motor has two valves per cylinder and a semi-dry sump lubrication system. Furthermore, this engine has 4 Weber 30DRZ carburetors. In addition, this engine produces 75 horsepower at its peak. At only 1,378 lbs., this power was adequate for racing at the time. Unfortunately, this engine is also the reason that the 815 didn’t complete the Grand Prix.
Bodywork by Carrozzeria Touring and Dubonnet Suspension
1940 Auto Avio Costruzioni 815 – Side – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift
For the suspension system, the 1940 Auto Avio Costruzioni 815 has quite an interesting setup. First, the car features a Dubonnet suspension with an integral shock absorber at the front. On the rear, this car sports a live axle on semi-elliptical leaf springs and hydraulic shock absorbers. For the bodywork, the work is by Carrozzeria Touring using Itallumag 35, an aluminum and magnesium alloy. Furthermore, this bodywork only weighs 119 lbs. which allows the vehicle to hit a top speed of around 110 mph.
The Beginning of the Ferrari Manufacturer Dream
Ferrari Auto Avio Costruzioni 815 startup at Museo Casa Enzo Ferrari – Andrea Manieri – YouTube
Overall, the 1940 Auto Avio Costruzioni 815 is Enzo Ferrari’s 1st vehicle. Although Alfa Romeo didn’t want Enzo to pursue a racing team, it was his dream and goal. Alfa Romeo may have prevented Enzo was labeling his first Ferrari but Auto Avio Costruzioni was the beginning. Thankfully, the marquis of Modena was kind enough to choose Enzo for his race car builds. In conclusion, without the AAC 815, Ferrari may have never built the brand that we know today.
Aston Martin Valkyrie – Front – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
In the last few years, the race for the fastest hypercar has caught a ton of momentum. First, there was the Bugatti Chiron and shortly after, the Koenigsegg One:1. Furthermore, even Mercedes-AMG hopped on the bandwagon with the Project One. Now, Aston Martin has introduced an all-new hypercar titled the Valkyrie. The Aston Martin Valkyrie is Aston’s first production hypercar. For the Valkyrie project, Aston Martin has teamed up with Red Bull Racing.
Aston Martin & Red Bull Collaboration Project
Aston Martin Valkyrie – Side – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
The Aston Martin Valkyrie is in production at the Gaydon, Warwickshire, England facility. Here, Aston will produce 150 units through 2018. Originally, this vehicle was called the Nebula which is an acronym for Newey, Red Bull, and Aston Martin. Although, the final code name was AM-RB 001 which stands for Aston Martin-Red Bull 001. Once it was time to hit production, the vehicle title became Valkyrie. Valkyrie is a word in relation to Scandinavian mythology. It stands for the beautiful twelve handmaidens of Odin who conducted the slain warriors of their choice from the battlefield of Valhalla.
The Aston Martin Valkyrie: AM-RB 001 hypercar officially named – Aston Martin – YouTube
6.5-Liter Cosworth V12 Engine with 1,130 Horsepower
Aston Martin Valkyrie – Rear Corner – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
The Aston Martin Valkyrie sports a 6.5-liter Cosworth V12 engine. This motor produces a whopping 1,130 horsepower. The overall design of the engine leads to optimal torque during take-off and uses an electric motor for boost. Additionally, this engine couples with a 7-speed Ricardo dual-clutch transmission. As per the battery, it is a Rimac-built KERS hybrid battery system. Not surprisingly, the Valkyrie offers a 1:1 power-to-weight ratio just as the Koenigsegg One:1.
All-Carbon Bodywork & Mid-Mounted Powertrain
Aston Martin Valkyrie – Rear – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
The Aston Martin Valkyrie starts with an all-carbon bodywork with no steel. For the layout, this vehicle is an advanced mid-mounted powertrain vehicle like F1 race cars. As usual, the front end withholds the trademark Aston Martin upper grille outline. The overall design of the Valkyrie yields an exceptionally low weight of only 2,271 lbs.! This makes this car one of the most lightweight hypercars to date. Basically, the Valkyrie is a formula one car for the street.
Aston Martin Valkyrie AMR Pro Track-Only Edition
Aston Martin Valkyrie AMR Pro – Side – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
The Aston Martin Valkyrie is available in a street legal version as well as a track-only version. The street legal version is exactly as described above. The track version will be slightly different. The Aston Martin Valkyrie AMR Pro is a track-version Valkyrie with only 25 models total in production which are sold. The engine on the AMR Pro will have a lot more power due to battery and engine tunings. The battery power will remain the same but the functionality will be in a racing sense. As per the engine, it will have a better tune to produce more power all-around.
Hypercar MSRP of $3,200,000
FIRST LOOK: Aston Martin AM-RB 001 Concept – Shmee150 – YouTube
Overall, the Aston Martin Valkyrie is quite an amazing hypercar. With over 1,000 horsepower and a 1:1 power-to-weight-ratio, this car will be major competition for all other hypercars of the generation. The MSRP of the Valkyrie is a hefty $3,200,000. Furthermore, 25 lucky millionaires will own the Valkyrie AMR Pro track-only edition. In conclusion, the Aston Martin Valkyrie is another feat of engineering that shows the world where the future of the hypercar is going.
Aston Martin Valkyrie – Interior – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift
The Aston Martin Vulcan is a limited-edition track-only race car that is built for its high-performance and lightweight. The manufacturer launched the Vulcan at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show. In total, there are only 24 units that were in production from 2015-2016. The assembly location of the Vulcan was in Gaydon, Warwickshire, England. The designer of the Vulcan is Marek Reichman. Lastly, the Vulcan’s basis is on the One-77’s platform.
Naturally Aspirated 7.0-Liter V12 with 820 Horsepower
Aston Martin Vulcan – Side – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift
The Aston Martin Vulcan sports a naturally aspirated 7.0-liter V12 engine. This motor produces a whopping 820 horsepower and 590 lb.-ft. of torque. Furthermore, the Vulcan has 3 power options via knob: 500 horsepower, 675 horsepower, and 820 horsepower. The motor works in combination with a Xtrac 6-speed sequential gearbox. With a weight of only 2,980 lbs., this vehicle is meant for the track.
Carbon Fiber Body & Carbon Ceramic Brakes
The Aston Martin Vulcan is a straight-forward race car for the track starting with its engineering basis. Firstly, the Vulcan contains an aluminum alloy chassis with a carbon fiber body. Secondly, the car wears the typical race car carbon ceramic brakes. Thirdly, there is a magnesium torque tube with a carbon fiber propeller shaft. Fourthly, there is a limited-split differential as well as Michelin Pilot Sport Cup 2 tires. All of these engineering feats work together to create a high-end handling race car.
For the suspension, the Aston Martin Vulcan continues to impress all auto enthusiasts. The car starts with a pushrod suspension with anti-dive geometry. Next, there is a Multimatic’s Dynamic Suspension Spool Valve (DSSV) Adjustable Dampers. On top of this, the front and rear have anti-roll bars. Furthermore, the ABS is driver adjustable and the traction control is variable.
Aston Martin Vulcan AMR Pro
Million Dollar Aston Martin: Driving The Vantage AMR Pro – Carfection – YouTube
In 2017, the Aston Martin Vulcan AMR Pro was revealed at the Goodwood Festival of Speed. This car features a handful of alterations which benefit it’s performance. First, the aerodynamics have been enhanced all-around. This starts with an enhanced dual-element rear wing with a gurney flap. Next, there are large dive planes as well as side wheel arch louvers. Furthermore, the car sports turning vanes. These modifications allow for a 27% increase in downforce. The last alteration is the shorter transmission ratios that lead to higher acceleration.
MSRP of $2,300,000 & Track Approval
The Grand Tour: The Aston Martin Vulcan Review – YouTube
Overall, the Aston Martin Vulcan is truly a mean track machine. At a MSRP of $2,300,000, this car is a one-of-a-kind collector’s dream. The only downside is that the manufacturer must approve the Vulcan’s use of track days. This is similar to the Ferrari setup with the FXX and FXX-K. The major difference is that the owner may store the vehicle at home. In conclusion, the Aston Martin Vulcan will go down as one of the manufacturer’s most stunning production vehicles.