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How Does an Exhaust System Work?

How Does an Exhaust System Work?

The Functions of an Exhaust System

In modern times, most people have driven or ridden in a vehicle. With automobiles, the debates of pollution and sound become alive. But, sometimes both of these can be down to the car itself. In this article, the goal is to help with a common question: “How Does an Exhaust System Work?”. Well, the exhaust begins with four main functions. These functions are:

  1. Direct Fumes Away from Cabin & Passengers
  2. Improve Fuel Consumption (MPG)
  3. Improve Performance (HP/TQ)
  4. Noise Amplification or Reduction (Usually Reduction)

With the exhaust handling these functions, its purpose is quite diverse. While it keeps passengers from breathing harmful gases, it also can add power and improve fuel consumption. Furthermore, all exhausts have a tone… hence noise is amplified or reduced via the muffler or silencer design. Finally, the layout of an exhaust system can depend on engine size, manufacturer, and/or model.

Control of Toxic Gases

Porsche Exhaust - Rear Undercarriage - Max Pixel - EuroDrift

Porsche Exhaust – Rear Undercarriage – Max Pixel – EuroDrift

When asking “How Does an Exhaust System Work?”, the concept of exhaust emissions comes into play. When an engine runs, it produces a total of 6 gases as emissions. Unfortunately, 3 of these gases are toxic: carbon monoxide, nitrogen monoxide, and nitrogen oxide. So, an entire design arrives around this to attempt to minimize the release of these gases into the atmosphere. Also, it obviously works to keep these gases away from the driver or passengers of the car. These gases are dangerous and can be harmful to animals, the environment, people, and plants.

How Do Emissions Exit the Car?

Car Exhaust - Rear of Automobile - Pixabay - EuroDrift

Car Exhaust – Rear of Automobile – Pixabay – EuroDrift

Again, when asking “How Does an Exhaust System Work?”, the gas must be filtered in some manner, correct? Right! First, the exhaust manifold collects gas from the cylinder head acting as a funnel. Next, the gas travels to the catalytic converter, where applicable. For instance, electric vehicles (EVs) do not have catalytic converters when there are no gasoline engines. Well, on the other hand, hybrids do for the engine portion of power. At the catalytic converter, the harmful gases are removed prior to moving on. Finally, the final gases pass through downpipes to the exhaust’s muffler or silencer. The purpose of this part of the exhaust is to filter sound, or amplify it. Manufacturers tend to remove sound while aftermarket companies amplify it.

Hopefully, That Helps!

How Car Exhaust System Works – Automotive Basics – YouTube

So, hopefully this article helps with the question: “How Does an Exhaust System Work?”. Covering the basics of gases to release via the exhaust tips, this article covers a decent portion of the process. The goal of this is to provide readers with a simple understanding of the system. Obviously, there is more that can be for discussion such as details on specific designs or layouts, temperature effects, and more. But, that is something for another time. Overall, the exhaust system plays a vital role on all gasoline vehicles.

Note: The featured image is by Clément Bucco-Lechat of Wikimedia Commons.

Volkswagen Considers Partnership with Ford for U.S. Production

Volkswagen Considers Partnership with Ford for U.S. Production

VW Considers Manufacturing in U.S.

Surprising to many, Ford and Volkswagen have become close friends in recent years with big plans in mind. Ford and VW are already partners for commercial vehicles, but there are quite a few other possibilities going to take place. No, VW will not have equity in Ford. But, the two companies will work together to benefit each other. This won’t be the first-time automakers from separate continents came together for both to benefit. For more details, expect a public statement sometime in January of 2019. For now, this article will cover what is known so far.

The Known & the Unknown

2017 Ford Fusion Hybrid - Front Corner - Wikimedia Commons - EuroDrift

2017 Ford Fusion Hybrid – Front Corner – Wikimedia Commons – EuroDrift

While it is already known that Ford and Volkswagen work together on commercial vehicles, the rest is not set in stone. There are quite a few possibilities to take place between the companies. Firstly, VW may build Ford vehicles in Europe. Secondly, Ford will build a Ranger style pick-up for VW. Now, VW has interest in building units at Ford’s U.S. plants. Why you may ask? Most likely due to current threats from the Trump administration. Trump has threatened European manufacturers with tariffs that would ruin their sales in the U.S.. Although an extremely dumb decision, European manufacturers have reason to worry. With a firecracker like this, who knows what will come next.

What Will Come of Ford & VW?

Volkswagen may use For manufacturing plant, in talks with Tennessee for new plant – CNBC Television – YouTube

Many people wonder, what will come of the partnership between Ford & Volkswagen? But, only the future will tell. Recently, VW CEO Herbert Diess spoke to reporters in Washington, D.C.:

“We are building an alliance with Ford which will strengthen Ford’s position in Europe because we will share platforms… We might use Ford capacity here in the U.S. to build cars for us.” – VW CEO Herbert Diess

With a statement like this, Ford and VW will most likely work together in some way, if not all. There is also a possibility that VW will build a second plant. The CEO has stated that VW is in “quite advanced negotiations in Tennessee but there might be other options as well.” In conclusion, the Ford and VW relationship could make for a beautiful friendship between major companies.

2018 Volkswagen Atlas - Front - PAS 2018 - EuroDrift

2018 Volkswagen Atlas – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift

Note: The featured image is the property of the Volkswagen manufacturer.

Aston Martin Valkyrie Nears Production According to Instagram Post

Aston Martin Valkyrie Nears Production According to Instagram Post

Aston Martin Uses Instagram to Tease Valkyrie

Aston Martin Valkyrie - Concept in Fall of 2018 - Overhead - Manufacturer Instagram Picture - EuroDrift

Aston Martin Valkyrie – Concept in Fall of 2018 – Overhead – Manufacturer Instagram Picture – EuroDrift

Recently, Aston Martin shared a post on Instagram displaying the Valkyrie nearing production status. This post is basically a teaser to what is to come in the near future. While it is nearing production, the expectation is late 2019 or early 2020. Currently, Aston plans to build 175 road legal Valkyries, plus 25 track-only versions. Back in July of 2017, Miles Nurnberger made a statement about the Valkyrie:

“… 95% of the way there.” – Miles Nurnberger

It has been quite some time since this statement, but it may be a sign that the Aston Martin Valkyrie is finally ready to consider motion forward. Though, do note, quite a few things are changing for the production version.

Changes to the Valkyrie During Concept Stage

Aston Martin Valkyrie - Concept in Fall of 2018 - Interior - Manufacturer Instagram Picture - EuroDrift

Aston Martin Valkyrie – Concept in Fall of 2018 – Interior – Manufacturer Instagram Picture – EuroDrift

The Aston Martin Valkyrie Instagram post shows a bit of changes since the previous concept. First, there are alloy wheels shown on the car, whereas the previous concept has carbon fiber. But, the car is being offered with that exact optional aerodynamic carbon fiber wheel cover set. Secondly, the exterior has revised side skirts as well as a lighting elements in the vent behind the front wheels. Thirdly, the blue to black paint job is beautiful, but it is most likely in use to cover some of the design. This means there may be more changes to the car that can be seen easily from the photos. Finally, the interior flaunts a few extra buttons and more seat padding. Carbon fiber still governs the interior though.

Who Wouldn’t Want to Own a Valkyrie?

Jump Inside the Aston Martin Valkyrie! | FIRST LOOK – Shmee150 – YouTube

Truthfully, who wouldn’t want to own an Aston Martin Valkyrie? Well… someone. But, most of us car lovers would love to own it. With it’s hybrid drivetrain, this car sports 1,126 estimated horsepower. This is a combo of electric and gasoline elements producing power. The motor itself is a Cosworth 6.5-liter V12 engine. That in itself could make this a hypercar, but electrical motors can take it even further. The Valkyrie will set Aston Martin history as the first hypercar by the company. In conclusion, Aston Martin is really stepping up in the sports car and hypercar realms of the auto industry.

Bugatti Considers Entering the Sedan Market

Bugatti Considers Entering the Sedan Market

Venturing into New Terrain

The new Bugatti CEO, Stephan Winkelmann, has stated that the company is considering a second model to sell alongside the popular Chiron. Bugatti has considered entering the Sedan Market but tends to favor the SUV body style instead.

“It’s clear that if we do something different from a super-sports car like the Chiron, then it would not be enough just to be in love with one type of car…We would look at every body style and regional demand and not put our money into something that is fading”. 


Stephan Winkelmann, Bugatti CEO

His reference to “something that is fading” was towards the saloon, or sedan as they are known in non-European markets. Apparently, there has been a decline in sedan sales in the European market, while SUVs have seen an increased demand.

It’s true that prior to the arrival of their new CEO, the company worked on the idea of a four-door sedan using the Galibier name. However, indications are that the market would better support an SUV body style.

Breaking into the SUV Market

Lamborghini Urus - Front Corner - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift
Lamborghini Urus – Front Corner – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

Winkelmann has experience in the SUV market. He was part of the conception of the Lamborghini Urus SUV which has been launched.

Bugatti is not the only car manufacturer whose looking at the possibility of a new SUV. Ferrari, Rolls-Royce, and Bentley also want a piece of the action. Ferrari project, known as Purosange, will feature plug-in hybrid technology and be the fastest vehicle of its type. This could make competition for a Bugatti SUV even stiffer.

Timeline for the Next Bugatti Model

2016 Bugatti Royale INTERIOR 5-door Fastback Bugatti Veyron? Bugatti Sedan Commercial CARJAM TV HD – YouTube

Whether sedan or SUV, it does look as if the new Bugatti model is not the only project for the Volkswagen Group. It may have to take a backseat to their electric vehicle and autonomous technology development. However, with the current popularity of the Chiron, their priorities could change.

By the way, LEGO built an awesome Chiron model, check it out here!

Koenigsegg “Ragnarok”: The Agera’s Rumored Successor

Koenigsegg “Ragnarok”: The Agera’s Rumored Successor

Rumors Spread on Successor of Agera

Recently, in the auto news industry, rumors are spreading about the successor of the Agera. The name is believed to be from a “reliable source close to Koenigsegg”, according to The Supercar Blog. This name is the Koenigsegg Ragnarok. Unrelating, this may strike a reminder to the Thor: Ragnarok film that hit theatres in 2017 with slightly over $850 million in worldwide revenue. Just a quick reminder, this is the film where Chris Hemsworth plays Thor in protecting against the destruction of the gods and world. Furthermore, the word “Ragnarok” translates to “the Doom of the Gods” in old Norse. During this event, the mythical cycle ends, and the cosmos is destroyed, then recreation takes place. So, with a name like this, the Koenigsegg Ragnarok should rattle the hypercar realm.

An Expectation of Performance Figures

“We’re talking 0 to 250 mph in 14 seconds or something like this. It’s like, black marks all the way up to 250 mph.” – Christian von Koenigsegg, Founder & CEO of Koenigsegg (During Interview with Top Gear)

Under the hood, the Koenigsegg Ragnarok will most likely sport the twin-turbo V8 seen in the Agera RS, but even better. The horsepower range will be around 1,400, at least 40 over the Agera RS that could reach almost 278 mph at top speed. Now, prepare yourself to be taken back by the expected performance. Koenigsegg wants the Ragnarok to reach 250 mph in only 14 seconds, leaving rubber the entire way behind. With the combination of a V8, 23 psi boost from the turbo, and a ratio of 8.8:1 instead of 9.5:1, this car could feed 32 psi for an instant 600 horsepower boost. Phew! That’s one hell of a performance. Honestly, hopefully it will happen as it is true insanity for a production vehicle of any type. With this car, Koenigsegg hopes to hold back the Tesla Roadster’s advantages.

Targets Set on the Tesla Roadster

Tesla Roadster - Front Corner in Motion - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

Tesla Roadster – Front Corner in Motion – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

“We kind of had our future mapped out, and then we heard about the new Tesla Roadster and its insane acceleration numbers, and we thought ‘damn, that’s put the gauntlet down. We thought, ‘this is not okay’”. – Christian von Koenigsegg, Founder & CEO of Koenigsegg (During Interview with Top Gear)

Recently, Christian von Koenigsegg, the CEO and founder of Koenigsegg, spoke to Top Gear about the Tesla Roadster. Initially, Koenigsegg didn’t truly believe the performance expectations for the Tesla. But, unfortunately, Elon Musk wasn’t lying when we spoke of the insane acceleration in the Roadster. Now, the Koenigsegg Ragnarok will most likely be Koenigsegg’s attempt to strike back.

“We wondered whether it was possible, and yeah, it’s possible. Then we thought, ‘okay how do we deal with it? This is embarrassing.’ In two days we’d thought of a few things. The simplest way of putting it is like this: it’s combining direct drive with the hybridization we have in a different format with Freevalve engine technology, in a peculiar layout.” – Christian von Koenigsegg, Founder & CEO of Koenigsegg (During Interview with Top Gear)

After refocusing energy from the already planned future, to a new future, Koenigsegg believes to have found a way to do it. Koenigsegg plans to use a combustion engine, versus an electric setup, to compete with the Roadster. This doesn’t make it direct competition, but it is close enough being in the same hypercar class. Their goal is to use direct drive with hybridization. Next, it’ll include Freevalve engine tech in a specific layout. Not being extremely detailed, Koenigsegg teased at this during the interview as seen above. Now, it is somewhat an expectation that the Koenigsegg Ragnarok will be the new frontier.

Koenigsegg is “Just Scratching the Surface”

IN DEPTH: Koenigsegg Factory Tour with Christian von Koenigsegg – Shmee150 – YouTube

“What we see with our engines, we’ve noticed that we’re just scratching the surface of what we can achieve.” – Christian von Koenigsegg, Founder & CEO of Koenigsegg (During Interview with Top Gear)

According to Christian von Koenigsegg, the company is “just scratching the surface”. With the Koenigsegg Ragnarok, the auto industry will rattle from the wrath of power. Although nothing is truly known, the car will display at the 2019 Geneva Motor Show in March of 2019. At this show, the world will see the future of the hypercar realm. If the power figures are true, this is an Earth car fit for Thor, maybe somewhat of what he’d expect in Asgard. In conclusion, the Koenigsegg Ragnarok’s name may, or may not, be correct, but the car will be a beast.

Note: There are no pictures of the “Ragnarok” currently available. The main picture for the post is of the Koenigsegg Regera. Thanks for understanding!

BMW M Models to Release as Electric Vehicles (EVs)

BMW M Models to Release as Electric Vehicles (EVs)

An Electric Future for BMW M Models

“For sure, all M vehicles will be electrified by the end of the next decade.” – Frank van Meel (BMW’s M Chief)

In recent years, auto manufacturers are moving towards electrifying their lineups. Not surprisingly, BMW must hop on the bandwagon at some point. BMW M models will release as electric vehicles at some point in the next decade. The quote above is a statement from Frank van Meel at a press conference to CarAdvice journalists. So, expecting an electrified M2 or M5 may not be a crazy thought. Either way, electric vehicles (EVs) are the way of the future. So, hopping on board is a requirement for most manufacturers at some point.

A Step-by-Step Process for BMW

2018 BMW M2 - Front - PAS 2018 - EuroDrift

2018 BMW M2 – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift

Below, a quote by Frank van Meel can be seen discussing a step-by-step process. For BMW, the BMW M model lineup will change with the right technology. Currently, BMW is working on its own hybrid technology. Astonishingly, BMW is designing its own electric motor, gearbox, and platform, from scratch. This is occurring while BMW is working on its fifth-gen architecture that’ll include powertrain options. But, BMW M is not in a rush to electrify the lineup. The BMW M division will await its own “better” technology.

“That’s going to happen step-by-step. The important question is the timing question – what’s the right time for that? If you’re too late then you’re too late, but if you’re too early then you don’t have the ‘straight to the point’ technology.” – Frank van Meel (BMW’s M Chief)

Dissatisfaction with Electrical Components

2018 BMW M4 - Front - PAS 2018 - EuroDrift

2018 BMW M4 – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift

One of the main reasons that the BMW M model lineup is not electrified is the components themselves. Below, Meel can be seen showing disappointment with electrical components. From his perspective, they are quite heavy which will effect weight and power-to-weight ratios. This will obviously lower the overall performance of the vehicle… but maybe not. BMW should look to Tesla for an understanding of EV technology. Why? Because Tesla has a sedan that can reach 60 mph in under 3 seconds. That is faster than most sports cars, including Ferrari and Lamborghini. So, electrical component weight is a poor reason for not advancing the fleet.

“Look at today’s electrification components, they are quite heavy and, for us as a motorsports company, overall vehicle weight and power-to-weight ratio is key.” – Frank van Meel (BMW’s M Chief)

The EV Future of BMW

Why BMW is Going All in With Electric Cars – Bloomberg – YouTube

In the future, within a decade, BMW M models plan to release with electrification. Regardless, by 2025, BMW plans to offer 40% electric powertrain models to the market. Electric vehicles are a growing trend and the way for the future. The beautiful sound of engines will be missed, but just as everything else, things change. It is time for the world to accept the future of the automobile. Performance and respect to the environment are both obtained with EVs. In conclusion, BMW is joining the ever-growing EV market with its models, one by one.

2018 BMW X2 - Front - PAS 2018 - EuroDrift

2018 BMW X2 – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift

Red Bull Formula One: Aston Martin Caravan Race

Red Bull Formula One: Aston Martin Caravan Race

An Aston Towing a Caravan? Yes.

In a Top Gear style stunt, Red Bull Formula One drivers Daniel Ricciardo and Max Verstappen pull the ultimate race. Each driving an Aston Martin Vanquish variant, the two F1 drivers pull caravans around the ring. This Aston Martin caravan race takes place at the F1 Austrian Grand Prix track. At 1,760 lbs., the caravans didn’t stop the Aston Martins from a track day. Fortunately, the cars and drivers survived… unfortunately, the caravans did not.

Aston Martin & Red Bull Racing

Aston Martin Caravan Race - Towing Caravans - Red Bull Photograph - EuroDrift

Aston Martin Caravan Race – Towing Caravans – Red Bull Photograph – EuroDrift

The Aston Martin caravan race may make one ponder, what is the connection between Aston and Red Bull? Well, first off, Aston Martin is a Red Bull sponsor. This leads to a tendency of working together. Secondly, Red Bull’s involvement in the F1 racing scene has led to an interest in hypercars. Not surprisingly, Aston Martin is working with Red Bull on the stunning Valkyrie. The Aston Martin Valkyrie is a beastly machine that will shake up the hypercar realm. Unfortunately, for Aston, Red Bull vehicles are built with Renault engines.

Daniel Ricciardo & Max Verstappen

Aston Martin Caravan Race - Daniel Ricciardo and Max Verstappen - Red Bull Photograph - EuroDrift

Aston Martin Caravan Race – Daniel Ricciardo and Max Verstappen – Red Bull Photograph – EuroDrift

The drivers for the Aston Martin caravan race were Daniel Ricciardo and Max Verstappen. Ricciardo made his F1 debut in 2011 with Toro Rosso, Red Bull’s entry driver team. With 4 victories and 3rd place last year, this driver can race. During the caravan race, Ricciardo drives an Aston Martin Vanquish Volante with 576 horsepower. Now, everyone knows the Vanquish Volante is ready for the caravan road trip.

On the other hand, Max Verstappen made his start in F1 racing in 2015. Surprisingly, Verstappen was only 17 years old! This makes him the youngest F1 driver in history. This stunt wasn’t completely new as Verstappen. He once took the Red Bull F1 car up an Austrian Alps ski slope… yes, really. Lastly, Verstappen drove an Aston Martin Vanquish S Volante with 603 horsepower in the race.

Ready to See the Race? Hell Yes!

A Caravan Race with an F1 twist! Daniel Ricciardo and Max Verstappen take to the Red Bull Ring – Aston Martin Red Bull Racing – YouTube

The Red Bull Racing Aston Martin caravan race is quite the spectacle. Who would’ve thought Aston Martin’s can tug a caravan along the track? Well, if you don’t know, now you know. If you did know, then… good for you. Unfortunately, in recent years, Red Bull is struggling with the hybrid powertrain rules from 2014. Regardless, Red Bull can still put on quite the show, on and off the F1 track. In conclusion, the Aston Martin Vanquish is a powerhouse waiting to show the world what it is capable of… or not?

Aston Martin Caravan Race - View of Caravans, Drivers, & Vehicles - Red Bull Photograph - EuroDrift

Aston Martin Caravan Race – View of Caravans, Drivers, & Vehicles – Red Bull Photograph – EuroDrift

BMW iNext EV: Arriving in 2021

BMW iNext EV: Arriving in 2021

BMW Sets High Goal for EV Models

In recent years, BMW has shown high interest in achieving success within the electric vehicle (EV) market. In 2016, BMW announced the plans for the iNext EV vehicle. The BMW iNext EV will be a “new innovation driver, with autonomous driving, digital connectivity, intelligent lightweight design, a totally new interior and ultimately bringing the next generation of electro-mobility to the road” (Quote by BMW CEO Harald Krüger). The BMW iNext EV will probably take after the BMW i Vision Dynamics Concept. Furthermore, the list of features within the iNext EV are sure not to disappoint. At the BMW Annual General Meeting, the CEO presented the initial design for this new tech flagship.

435 Mile Range & SAE Level 3 Autonomous Driving

BMW i Vision Dynamics Concept - Side - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

BMW i Vision Dynamics Concept – Side – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

The BMW iNext EV boasts a ton of amazing features. Firstly, the iNext EV will offer a mileage range up to 435 miles. And yes, this is on one charge, not two or three. Secondly, there will be SAE level 3 autonomous driving tech with level 4 arriving within a year or so. This means that eyes on the road and hands on the wheel do not apply. Scary? Maybe. Not really. These features in themselves are a great feat for the BMW engineering team.

Expect 25 Electric BMW Models by 2025

BMW Vision Next 100 – interior Exterior and Drive – CAR TV – YouTube

By 2025, BMW plans to offer 25 electric vehicles, with 12 being fully electric. This means that BMW will offer mostly hybrids but with almost half being fully electric. This is quite an impressive goal and there will no doubt be competition in this field for the years to come. Recently shown in Beijing, the BMW all-electric X3 may arrive as early as 2020. Later in 2018, BMW will show the iNext EV as a “Vision Vehicle” concept to the world. Production for the iNext EV should begin in Dingolfing, Germany in 2021. In conclusion, BMW is aiming to achieve a full offering of electric vehicles in less than 10 years.

Note: The BMW iNext EV and the BMW i Vision are not the same vehicle. The BMW i Vision is shown above for an understanding of the futuristic designs of BMW.

2019 Mercedes-AMG E53: 429-Horsepower Inline-Six

2019 Mercedes-AMG E53: 429-Horsepower Inline-Six

AMG Replaces E43 with E53 for 2019 Model Year

For the 2019 model year, Mercedes-AMG is replacing the E43 with the E53. The 2019 Mercedes-AMG E53 will be available in a cabriolet, coupe, and sedan variant. The cabriolet and coupe were revealed at the Detroit Auto Show (North American International Auto Show 2018). The E43 was a perfect match for someone looking for more than a base E300 and less than the overwhelming E63. Now, the E53 will be the middleman. The E53 has a different engine as well as some slight exterior mods in comparison to the base model. The exterior has two power bulges on the hood as well as a redesigned rear bumper with diffuser.

3.0-Liter Turbocharged Inline-Six with 429 Horsepower

2019 Mercedes-AMG E53 Sedan - Interior - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

2019 Mercedes-AMG E53 Sedan – Interior – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

The 2019 Mercedes-AMG E53 sports a 3.0-liter turbocharged inline-six engine. This motor produces 429 base horsepower and 384 lb.-ft. of torque. To support the engine, there is a 48-volt mild-hybrid system. This hybrid system produces only 21 horsepower but a whopping 184 lb.-ft. of torque. The purpose of this is to help with fuel consumption and power during usage. Furthermore, there is an electric auxiliary compressor that works with the exhaust-driven turbo to minimize lag.

In combo with the engine, there is a 9-speed AMG transmission. On top of this, there is an AWD system in the 2019 Mercedes-AMG E53. From 0-60 mph, the E53 coupe takes only 4.3 seconds. On the other hand, the cabriolet and sedan take 4.3 seconds, 0.1 seconds longer. The top speed is electronically limited to 130 mph for all three versions.

Mercedes-AMG is Looking to the Future

2019 E53 AMG Coupe Walkaround and Interior! | Hybrid AMG! – EddieX – YouTube

The 2019 Mercedes-AMG E53 is proof that Mercedes is looking to the future. With more power and better fuel consumption, this car is taking a leap forward. Furthermore, Mercedes-AMG will be offering optional 20” lightweight alloy wheels on the E53. This is on top of the 14.2” brake discs in use for all of the wheels. The MSRP is currently TBD but will most likely be available by the fall or winter. AMG expects to offer the E53 starting end of 2018 in the U.S. In conclusion, the new E53 is a beautiful feat of engineering with sufficient power and luxury.

2019 Mercedes-AMG E53 Sedan - Rear Corner - Manufacturer Picture - EuroDrift

2019 Mercedes-AMG E53 Sedan – Rear Corner – Manufacturer Picture – EuroDrift

Everyone Deserves a Second Chance… Including Volkswagen

Everyone Deserves a Second Chance… Including Volkswagen

VW Emissions Scandal & Why They Deserve a Second Chance

2018 Volkswagen Beetle Convertible - Front - PAS 2018 - EuroDrift

2018 Volkswagen Beetle Convertible – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift

For the 642,000 people working for Volkswagen, the actions of a few have altered their lives irrevocably.

You are probably aware that from 2006 to 2015, VW based their US sales strategy on selling “clean diesel” vehicles such as the Passat and the Jetta. They claimed that these vehicles rivaled electric-hybrids like the Toyota Prius in both performance and emissions.

Sales records show that as many as 580,000 found their way into the garages of unwary consumers. All of these customers thought they were buying high-performance, EPA-friendly autos.

But they weren’t.

Instead, they were actually purchasing vehicles which spewed 4x the legal limit of noxious fumes allowed by the US Nox Regulations.

Who’s to Blame for VW Emissions Scandal?

2018 Volkswagen Tiguan - Front - PAS 2018 - EuroDrift

2018 Volkswagen Tiguan – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift

So, how did this fraud continue for close to a decade? Who knew and who didn’t?

Actually, the emissions scandal was the work of only a handful of people.

About 40 people, worked together to cover up the results of the failed emissions testing. The fraud went all the way to the top and there is little doubt that the CEO, Winkerton, knew of the issue in 2016. Many feel that he knew about it before then and may have had a hand in its execution.

Once the story broke, vehicle owners began filing civil lawsuits and criminal investigations began. Several executives found themselves facing jail sentences and VW’s CEO was forced to resign. In addition, the company was hit with billions of dollars in fines and settlements.

2nd Chances for VW Workers

Volkswagen’s diesel scandal, explained – The Verge – YouTube

Unfortunately, the lasting implications for the 642,000 auto workers who had nothing to do with the VW Emissions Scandal are real. VW sales have still not returned to same levels they were before the diesel scandal. Some US auto dealers reported that they had days during the past two years when they didn’t see a single customer in their showrooms.

Yet, finally, this past quarter, VW sales have started to climb.

According to Autodata, it looks as if VW has gained 12% over previous year’s sales. This could mean that the public is willing to forgive and forget now that those who engineered the VW Emissions Scandal have had to pay the piper.

2018 Volkswagen Atlas - Front - PAS 2018 - EuroDrift

2018 Volkswagen Atlas – Front – PAS 2018 – EuroDrift

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