Search for: "accident"

How to Handle a Traffic Stop: Common on Public Roadways

How to Handle a Traffic Stop: Common on Public Roadways

Traffic Stops are Common on Public Roadways

Traffic stops are common on public roadways worldwide. A driver usually gets stopped at one point or another in their lifetime. Most of the time, it’s for speeding or a minor traffic violation. Police officers are required to pull you over by law, but they have the leeway to issue a warning instead of a ticket. Obviously, if you were going 100 mph through a school zone – you are definitely getting a ticket, possibly arrested, and probably losing your license. But, for others, if you act reasonably and politely, you might just avoid a fine.

Keep Calm

Pull over safely and quickly, letting the officer know that you are complying with his commands. Under no circumstances should you try to “lose” the officer. That will land you in jail. If you question whether or not the car behind you is an actual officer, call 911. They can immediately ascertain whether the patrolman is legitimate. You can also request to see their badge and photo ID. If you still aren’t comfortable, you can request that they follow you to a police station.

Turn Off Your Car

After you pull over, turn off the engine. By turning off your car, you show that you are complying. It also decreases the likelihood of accidental injury.

 Turn On the Overhead Lamp

If it is dark out, you should turn on the interior light so that the police officer can see into your car. This not only ensures your safety but also keeps the officer at ease, as he will have some knowledge of what you are doing. It’s also a good idea to keep your hands where he can see them. Don’t let a misunderstanding result in tragedy.

 Roll Down Your Window

Don’t get out of the car! Instead, roll down the window. If for some reason your window doesn’t work, roll down the back one or crack your door and ask the officer for permission to exit  the vehicle. They will be on guard as you exit, but as long as they know ahead of time what you plan to do, things will go smoothly. If for any reason they tell you “no”, you need to follow their direction.

If you have tinted windows, especially at an illegal percentage, it is a recommended to roll down all of the car’s windows including front and rear sides. This will allow the officer to see into the vehicle which will make them feel more comfortable during the traffic stop. From personal experience, the traffic stop will go very smoothly if you oblige to this courtesy rather than attempting to hide the interior of the vehicle. At worst, the officer may write a ticket for window tint which may be as simple as a fine or it may be a requirement to remove the tint and present it at the police station. Always perform research or contact an attorney before fully obliging to the requirements.

Immediately Declare the Presence of Firearms

One of the first things you should do (with your hands in plain view) is declare the presence of any firearms in the car. If you have a valid concealed carry permit, this will not be a problem. If you do not have a concealed carry permit, all registered firearms must be locked away and out of the driver’s reach. An officer may look at the weapon, but as long as you have followed the law, there won’t be a problem.

A Typical Traffic Stop

Most traffic stops follow a predictable pattern. An example of a pattern is as follows:

  1. The officer decides to engage a traffic stop due to suspicion or a violation.
  2. The officer turns on his lights and waits for the driver to pull over.
  3. If the driver doesn’t, the officer beeps the siren.
  4. The driver pulls over in a parking lot, on a side street, or on the shoulder of the road.
  5. The driver sits and waits. (This is a good time to fish out the driver’s insurance card, license, and registration – which should be kept within an arm’s length distance of the driver – if not, wait until the officer approaches to ask permission to avoid suspicion)
  6. The driver rolls down the driver and passenger side windows.
  7. The officer walks up to the window and says something such as: “Good evening sir. Do you know why I pulled you over?”
  8. Before the driver even answers the officer’s question – the driver should declare the presence of any firearms, if any. The driver should say something such as: “I just want to let you know that I have a concealed carry permit and there is a firearm in the glove box.” The officer will handle the situation from there.
  9. If you don’t have any firearms, you say something nice back, “No, I was unaware that I committed any violations. If I did something wrong, I apologize.” (It’s probably not a good idea to say “I was speeding” in case they only pulled you over for an expired plate – wait and see.)
  10. The officer tells the driver the violation and asks for the insurance card, license, and registration.
  11. Then, the officer goes back to their squad car and runs the driver’s license through the database. If the driver has warrants out for their arrest, they’re looking at a ride to the police station. However, if the driver comes back without any violations, and they get lucky, the officer may only issue a warning.
  12. Regardless, when the officer comes back to the vehicle, the officer will either hand the driver a ticket or give a stern warning. The driver should thank the officer for the warning (the officer did the driver a favor) . If a ticket is served, it is best for the driver to be polite as arguing with the officer usually doesn’t work out in the driver’s favor.

What to Do If the Traffic Stop Goes Bad

Despite what the media might say, very few traffic stops go poorly. If for some reason the officer is acting odd or “out of line”, do the best to defuse the situation. Always be polite and comply. Do this even if you are completely innocent of any accusations. Remember, the patrol vehicles have dashcams and, nowadays, officers often wear body cameras. If you appear rational and calm, it will be very hard to misinterpret your actions. Deal with the incident later, in a court of law with an attorney – not during the traffic stop.

  • An officer cannot search your car without your permission unless they see or smell alcohol or drugs. If the officer has a search warrant, they may search the vehicle legally.
  • They can “pat you down” to search for illegal items or weapons.
  • You must agree to a field sobriety check if requested or take a trip to the station for a blood test.
  • Legally, you don’t have to answer questions, but if there is no reason not to, then be cooperative.

Police officers are only doing their job. Given the chance, most will happily let you off with simply a warning. If the infraction is bad enough to warrant a ticket, just accept that you made a mistake. It happens to everyone at some point. From there, perform research or consult an attorney to find the best possible solution.

Autobahn History and Statistics

There’s a popular misconception that there are no speed limits on the Autobahn. About 40% of the German Autobahn system is speed regulated. However, did you immediately catch the significance of that? If 40% is regulated, that means 60% is NOT.

Today’s German Autobahn system stretches 8,047 miles across most of Germany. They post speed limits on the Autobahn near cities and across stretches with a history of accidents. However, even then, the speed limit stays a fast 81 mph.

History of the Autobahn

In 1929, Germany built its first Autobahn link between Opladen and Dusseldorf. After seeing the benefits of this high-speed road system, Adolf Hitler started a program to build two east-west and north-south links. However, despite the propaganda of the time, the Autobahn was not built for military purposes. Before the horrendous acts that led to World War II began to occur in the late 1930s, the Autobahn helped bring Germany out of the depression. The road system allowed Germany to promote economic growth by generating additional jobs in construction.

Initially, the limited-access road was used by the Mercedes-Benz Grand Prix racing team for high-speed record attempts. Rudolf Caracciola set one of the highest speeds for a public roadway during this time. The racing came to an end in 1938 with the tragic death of a popular German race driver, Bern Rosemeyer. Shortly after, when the War broke out, they used the roads  for military transport.

After WWII, new sections of the system were added onto the existing Autobahns. Each decade saw additions to the roads until they reached their current span just after the turn of the Millennium.

“The Autobahn” is a Misnomer

Often, foreigners will refer to the German road system as “The Autobahn” when in fact it forms a series of connected roads. Similar to the interstates found in America, these roads have multiple lanes of traffic flowing in two directions. Often, they have a central barrier and shoulders to the side.

In 1974, The German government adopted an autobahn numbering system. Each road identifies itself by a capital “A” followed by a number. Larger autobahns that cross the country have single digits, while shorter roads have double digits.

Some very short stretches of road exist which they designed only for local traffic. Each of these roads uses three digits. They base which digits they use on the direction of travel (e.g. east to west, north to south).

The Speed Limit on the German Autobahns

The autobahns serve as the German freeways. As we already stated, over half of these roads do not post set speed limits. The ones that do serve heavily congested areas near cities. Also, certain stretches of road with dangerous curves have posted regulations.

During inclement weather, parts of the Autobahn system come under speed regulation and they enforce limits set in construction zones.

Posted “recommendations” for speed limits show on the roads where no official speed regulation exists. If a car exceeds the recommendation and causes an accident, they might have liability for damages. However, it’s pretty common to see a Porsche or BMW flying down the road at over 100 mph.

In the late 1990’s, one of Germany’s political parties took up the cause of environmentalism. They claimed that the high speeds were contributing to air pollution and pushed for a national speed limit. They were unsuccessful at imposing the national limit, but they did manage to pass regulations in forested areas.

Autobahn Accident Statistics

Over the past decade, traffic fatalities across all of the European nations have seen a decline. However, a good number of accidents still occur on the Autobahn.

  • Out of the total accidents that occurred on the Autobahn, 67% of them happened in areas that featured no posted speed limit.
  • Rural road deaths that occurred on the Autobahn were 5 times more than the deaths that occurred in automobile accidents.
  • In 2013, deaths on the Autobahn rose by 8% over those in 2012.

For drivers who want to go fast, the Autobahn is perfect. Large stretches of the road have no posted speed limits and other drivers understand how to navigate speeding traffic. With over 8000 miles of road before you, you can drive for days.

How fast can you drive on the Autobahn? As fast as your car can go.

 

References

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autobahn

http://brandongaille.com/17-fascinating-autobahn-accident-statistics/

http://www.gettingaroundgermany.info/autobahn.shtml

http://www.german-autobahn.eu/

Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS) Functionality

When the wheels of a vehicle lock up on a slippery or wet road, skidding is often the result. Anti-lock braking systems (ABS) keep your wheels in constant tractive contact with the road which prevents skidding. ABS works on the principles of the cadence and threshold braking systems. However, it does the job with more control and at much faster rate.

Components of Anti-Lock Braking Systems (ABS)

Anti-lock braking systems (ABS) feature four main components:

  • Controller
  • Pump
  • Valves
  • Wheel Speed Sensors

Each of these components works together to keep your car from going into a skid.

Controller

The controller works as an ECU unit in the vehicle. It receives information from the wheel speed sensors which send a signal to the controller if a wheel loses traction. The controller then limits the braking force as well as activates the ABS modulator which further activates the braking valves.

Pump

The pump in the anti-lock braking system restores the pressure released by the valves to the hydraulic brakes. At the first detection of wheel slip, the valve releases when the controller sends the signal. The pump restores the desired amount of pressure released by the valve to the braking system. The controller modulates the status of the pumps to provide the amount of pressure desired to reduce slipping.

Valves

Each brake controlled by the ABS includes a valve in its brake line. The valve in some systems has three positions. In the first position, the valve is open. The pressure is passed right from the master cylinder to the brake. In the second position, the valve blocks the brake line which isolates it from the master cylinder. This valve position doesn’t allow the pressure to increase. In the third position, the valve releases pressure from the brakes.

Wheel Speed Sensors

Wheel Speed Sensors determine the acceleration and deceleration of a wheel. The speed sensors use a Hall Effect sensor and a magnet, or an electromagnetic coil and a toothed wheel for generating a signal. The differential or rotation of the wheel creates a magnetic field around the speed sensor. The magnetic field fluctuation generates a voltage in the speed sensor.

The Working of the Anti-Lock Braking System

The anti-lock braking system works with the regular braking system by pumping them automatically. The controller of the Anti-Lock Braking system monitors the sensors at all times. It looks out for any unexpected decelerations in the wheels. If a deceleration is sensed, the ABS system works to stop the vehicle evenly and quickly.

Such a rapid deceleration isn’t possible without reducing the amount of pressure to that brake until the brake reaches the point of acceleration. The controller then increases the pressure until the vehicle decelerates again. ABS handle this before the wheel can change the speed. As a result, the speed of the wheel slows down. At this point, the brakes keep the wheels close to the lock up threshold. This provides maximum braking power to the system.

Does the Anti-Lock Braking System work?

Yes, the anti-lock braking system helps stop a vehicle safely. The system prevents the wheels of the vehicle from locking up and stops the vehicle in the shortest distance possible, even on the slippery surfaces.

According to a study conducted in 1996 by the Insurance Institute, cars equipped with ABS were involved in fewer fatal accidents than the cars that didn’t feature this system. The study stated that although vehicles equipped with ABS were less likely to encounter fatal accidents involving other cars, they were more likely to meet fatal accidents than others. There are a number of speculations for this.

According to some, the drivers operating the cars equipped with ABS used the system incorrectly, either by releasing the brakes or pumping the brakes.

Nevertheless, the recent reports state that the accident rate for cars fitted with an ABS is improving. Regardless, the effectiveness of this system cannot be disregarded. It does work as intended when driver error does not come into play.

When used correctly, a vehicle with ABS slows down more quickly than a vehicle equipped with simply a threshold braking system. It is wise to know how to apply the ABS and how to drive in inclement conditions to maximize safety.

 

The Dos and Do Nots of Using ABS

  • Do apply the brakes as hard as possible and hold until the ABS completes its job to stop the vehicle.
  • You should have your ABS system inspected on a regular basis to ensure maximum safety.
  • Do steer and brake at the same time as ABS allows for this functionality, unlike threshold brakes, increasing the chance to avoid an accident.
  • Don’t ever pump the brake pedal in a vehicle fitted with ABS as this isn’t required.
  • Don’t ever take your foot off of the brake pedal if you need to quickly stop as this will increase the likelihood of an accident occurring.

 

References

http://auto.howstuffworks.com/auto-parts/brakes/brake-types/anti-lock-brake4.htm

http://autorepair.about.com/od/glossary/a/def_ABS.htm

http://www.drivingfast.net/technology/abs.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-lock_braking_system

https://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/motorvehiclesafety/tp-tp13082-abs1_e-214.htm

Winter Driving

If you aren’t used to driving in snow or ice, then driving during the winter months can be dangerous. The inclement weather, reduced visibility, and icy surfaces on the roads make navigation difficult. However, by following a few basic rules, you can stay safe on icy roads. Here are few things to consider for safe winter driving.

1. Ensure a Gentle and Smooth Drive
2. Don’t Apply Your Brakes While Turning
3. Rely on Your Headlights
4. Don’t Follow too Closely
5. Don’t Rely on Four-Wheel Drive
6. Dealing With a Skid
7. Read Your Surroundings
8. Plan Your Route
9. Avoid Driving as Much as Possible

 

Ensure a Gentle and Smooth Drive

You need to keep in mind that driving in snow and ice is completely different from driving on dry pavement. It demands a different style of driving which takes practice. When driving on slick roads, make sure to never jerk the wheel or slam on the brakes. Abrupt changes in the attitude of the car may cause its tires to lose the grip on the surface of the road.

 

Don’t Apply Your Brakes While Turning

If you turn too quickly in the corners and there is ice on the surface, you run the risk of going into a skid. If this happens, your initial response might be to hit your brakes. This technique works on a dry road, but it does not work well on ice. When driving on snow or ice, it is always better to apply your brakes before the turn and take them at a slow speed.

If you go into a skid, let up on the brake and steer into it. Lightly pump your brakes as you straighten out. This will slow down the vehicle. Another way to slow down your car in wintry conditions is to use the gears. Shift down. This causes the engine to reduce the car’s speed so you can regain control.

 

Rely on Your Headlights

Regardless if it is day or night, you should use your car’s headlights during snowfall. During the day this helps other cars identify you. The general rule is if you need your wipers, then you need your headlights.

 

Don’t Follow Too Closely

Stay back from the car in front of you, especially during the winter. By extending your following distance, you get extra time to apply the brakes, and you can avoid going into a skid. If the car in front of you loses control, you want plenty of time to avoid hitting them. It only takes a second for them to flip around and hit something.

 

Don’t Rely on Four-Wheel Drive

A number of people think that they are safe if they have four-wheel drive, but this may not be true. Though you will have more traction on ice and snow with this system, it may not give enough braking power, making cornering tricky. So do not trust four-wheel drive completely. Take it easy on icy and slippery surfaces in order to stay out of a bad situation.

 

Dealing With a Skid

It is best to test the steering and brakes of your car gently to get an idea of the road’s condition. Pick a clear, straight piece of road; it should be away from junctions. If you hit a slippery road, you will feel that your car starts to skid. In this situation, allow the speed of the vehicle to decrease by itself by taking your foot off of the accelerator. Don’t use the brakes, as it may prolong the skid. In case the car starts spinning while you’re skidding, allow the vehicle to straighten up and steer into the spin’s direction.

 

Read Your Surroundings

Slow down when approaching a corner. Give yourself plenty of time so you can take it at a constant speed. This will save you from unsettling the car as well as give you enough time to react in case you have to navigate an obstacle.

 

Plan Your Route

If you draft out your route ahead of time then there are no possibilities of getting lost. Stick to the main roads as much as possible. Such roads are likely to have been gritted or cleared. Be aware of the wheel tracks when driving, especially if the road hasn’t been gritted. The packed down snow is slicker than new snow. Often the side streets are the ones that present the most problem.

 

Avoid Driving as Much as Possible

It is a good idea to heed the weather report before taking off on a long-distance drive. If possible, delay or cancel trips, especially when bad weather is expected. If canceling the trip isn’t possible, let your family or friends know about your estimated time of arrival to the destination as well as the route. Keep in mind that many hotels will allow you to reschedule a hotel stay without charging a fee. But, a full cancellation under a certain time limit, such as 24 hours, can lead to paying a hefty fee or even the full price of one night.

If you avoid going out during bad weather, you will be safe, as simple as that. Only get out on icy roads when it’s absolutely necessary. Using common sense could save your life and the lives of others.

Winter driving just takes common sense, caution, and experience. Don’t go out unless you have to. Drive slowly and know what to do in case you do lose control on the ice. Whatever you do, DON’T panic! That is often the cause of most accidents on winter roads.

 

References
http://www.rac.co.uk/
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/cars/advice/how-to-drive-safely-in-snow-and-ice/
http://lifehacker.com/5872731/how-can-i-drive-safely-in-extreme-winter-weather
https://www.geico.com/more/driving/auto/car-safety-insurance/upgrade-your-winter-driving-skills/
http://exchange.aaa.com/safety/roadway-safety/winter-driving-tips/#.Vn2-7-YajB4

Top 10 European Sports Cars Between $100,000 and $200,000 in 2016

Imagine owning a beautiful sports car, powering through turns and racing down open stretches of road. While for most people, cars over $100,000 will stay the stuff of dreams, there are some out there with the cash to make it a reality. So, for those of you who want to plan for “someday,” here is a list of the top 10 European sports cars priced between $100,000 and $200,000.

 

 

Top 10 European Sports Cars – $100,000 to $200,000

 

Here are the cars listed in alphabetical order.

 

 

#1 – Aston Martin DB9 GT

MSRP: $201,075 – $238,132

Engine: 6.0L V12

Power: 540 bhp @ 6750 RPM

Torque: 457 lb-ft @ 5500 RPM

The unique appeal of the Aston Martin DB9 GT is its 6.0-liter V12 engine which generates a peak of 540 bhp at 6750 RPM. Its front mid-mounted, 48 valve, all-alloy, 5,935 cc engine is a powerful motor. The transmission is a six-speed, Touchtronic II transmission which uses a wire control system. This V12 engine can launch this luxury British sports car from 0 to 60 mph in only 4.5 seconds. The Aston Martin boasts a top speed of 183 mph and comes with several key features:

  • 10-Spoke, 20-Inch Wheels
  • Black Painted Diffuser and Splitter
  • Black Anodized Brake Calipers
  • Taillight Treatments
  • Redesigned Headlights

The DB9 GT model can be distinguished from other Aston Martins by the GT engraving on the aluminum fuel filler cap.

 

 

#2 – Audi R8 & Audi R8 Plus

MSRP: $164,150 – $191,150

Engine: 5.2L V10

Power: 540 bhp @ 7800 RPM

Torque: 398 @ 6500 RPM

The Audi R8 only takes 3.2 to 3.5 seconds to go from 0 to 60 mph.  At just 48.8 inches high, 76.4 inches wide, and 174.0 inches long, the Audi R8 is short, wide and low to the ground sports car. This makes handling a breeze on curvy roads, especially for cruising through beautiful mountain roads. The Audi R8 is equipped with 19-inch wheels featuring 245/35 sizing up front and 295/35 sizing in the rear, with optional upgrades. The overall feel of the Audi R8 is like a stealthy cat on the prowl. For this Audi, it’s all about speed and power.

 

 

#3 – Bentley Continental GT

Price: $180,195

Power: 582 hp

Torque: 531 lb-ft

The Bentley Continental GT sports a new bumper at the rear, a smaller grille, and redesigned fenders. The fenders incorporate the obligatory side gills featuring the “B” logo. A lower diffuser added to this GT Speed model enhances its overall charm. You will also find a reshaped trunk lid in this successor model of the Bentley Continental. The interior updates include a revised center console, a smaller steering wheel, and new gauge faces. The seats are adorned with a new stitching pattern and softer leather or faux suede, although the diamond quilting isn’t eliminated from this upgraded version.

 

 

#4 – Maserati GranTurismo MC Stradale

Price: $134,625

Power: 454 hp

Torque: 384 lb-ft

The GranTurismo includes a 4.2-liter V8 engine that can be mated either to an optional MC Race Shift 6-speed manual transmission or an Electro-Actuated MC Shift auto-manual transmission. Buyers also have the option of choosing a lighter GranTurismo MC Stradale version which comes with some exterior modifications. The 2016 Maserati GranTurismo is equipped with an automatic gearbox and fitted with an adaptive control system. It can adjust the gear-shifting mode to different conditions and individual driving styles. Like its predecessors, this new model includes all of the luxury features, such as premium CD stereo, power windows, power-adjustable leather seats, electric mirrors, multiple airbags, alloy wheels, stability control, ABS brakes, and more.

 

 

#5 – McLaren 570S

Price: $184,900

Power: 562 hp

Torque: 443 lb-ft

The McLaren 570S includes a carbon fiber tub for strength and lightweight. This upgraded model can hit speeds of up to 62 mph in just 3.2 seconds. The top speed of the 570S is around 204 mph. It flaunts an adaptive suspension and ceramic brakes. The dual-clutch, seven-speed automatic transmission, and 3.8-liter, twin-turbo V-8 engine are other optional add-ons. The 570S’s seven-speed, dual-clutch gearbox provides tough competition for other 2016 luxury car models.

 

 

#6 – Mercedes-AMG GT

Price: $129,900

Power: 503 hp

Torque: 479 lb-ft

The AMG GT redefines luxury. It is fitted with 4.0-liter V8 bi-turbo engine. It can hit 60 mph from static in 3.7 seconds. Its speed tops out around 193-mph. Other features include:

  • 7-Speed Dual-Clutch Transmission with Electronically Controlled-Slip Differential
  • Dynamic Suspension
  • Dynamic Exhaust System with an Electronically Controlled Variable Vane
  • Performance Steering Wheel with Shift Paddles
  • Dynamic Select with Multiple Steering Modes
  • Driver-Selectable Suspension

The AMG GT comes with a number of trim options and safety upgrades. The adaptive braking technology and collision prevention help prevent accidents. Other safety features include the rearview camera and blind spot assist.

 

 

#7 – Mercedes-Benz SL65 AMG

Price: $150,625 – $218,475

Power: 621 hp

Torque: 738 lb-ft

The SL65 AMG is more of a high-performance roadster than a luxury sports car. This vehicle is designed for people that want nothing less than “awe-inspiring.” The SL65 is more potent than its predecessors. It is fitted with 6.0-liter, V-12 twin-turbo engine. The optional active suspension of this new model allows it to move from 0 to 60 mph in 3.7 seconds. The rear wheels of this vehicle get power through a seven-speed automatic transmission. The other highlights of this luxury car include altered alloy wheel designs, wood trim on the steering wheel, red brake calipers, an upgraded sound system, carbon ceramic brakes, and soft-close doors.

 

 

#8 – Porsche 911 GT3 RS

Price: $131,395

Power: 500 hp

Torque: 338 lb-ft

The GT3 RS model comes with a paddle-neutral feature. The RS also has a button to limit pit-lane speed. The rear axle ratio of the RS is shorter than the standard 911 GT3, which is an add-on for hastier takeoffs. The Porsche 911 GT3 RS can hit 60 mph from static in less than 3.1 seconds. Although the body of this upgraded model is similar to the 911 Turbo, the upgraded tires and wheels give the vehicle wider rear and front tracks. Despite the familial resemblance, this updated version manages to look meaner than its predecessors. The GT3 features sporting louvered vents mounted on the front fenders and a massive rear wing. Moreover, its brake rotors are larger than the standard models.

 

 

#9 – Porsche 911 Turbo S

Price: $182,700

Power: 580 hp

Torque: 553 lb-ft

The Porsche 911 Turbo S features a 20bhp power boost. This 2016 model is fitted with 3.8-litre, twin-turbo engine that includes new injection nozzles, higher fuel pressure, and altered inlet ports. The Turbo S reaches 62 mph in 2.9 seconds with a top track speed of 198mph. This car is much more fuel-efficient than its predecessors thanks to the revised gear change mapping and engine alterations. Like other Porsche 911 models, the only transmission option is a dual-clutch PDK.

 

 

#10 – Porsche 911 Turbo S Cabriolet

Price: $163,000

Power: 572 hp

Torque: 553 lb-ft

Fitted with the seven-speed dual-clutch automatic transmission, this all-wheel-drive supercar from Porsche can hit 60 mph in 3 seconds. Porsche claims a 2.0 mpg improvement, which makes up around 30.4 mpg. Its luxurious interior and exterior styling make it a pleasure to drive at any time, on any road. The Porsche 911 Turbo includes 20-inch center lock wheels. The makers have upgraded the up-front width by 9 inches and the rear by 11.5 inches.

 

Overall, the ten sports cars mentioned above are great options at the price range of $100,000 to $200,000. From the Aston Martin to the Porsches, there are cars that fit different desires and needs. Although each car has its own perks, the decision comes down to personal preference. Hopefully, this article helped you decide which car you’d prefer at this price range.

The 5 Steps to Checking Tire Air Pressure (PSI)

The air pressure in your tires can vary from day to day. This doesn’t mean you have a leak or a bad valve stem; it’s just science. Temperature is the biggest factor in changing tire pressure. As the temperature increases, the air pressure builds in the tire. Conversely, when it gets colder, the pressure decreases and your tire can even look flat. This is why you need to check your tire pressure and air up your tires on a regular basis.

Of course, it could be that you have a leaky tire or a faulty valve stem. That doesn’t necessarily mean you need a new tire. Valve stems can be replaced for almost nothing, and a lot of tires can be patched or sealed. The best thing to do if you think you have a leak is to have a professional evaluate your tires. But first, make sure your pressure is correct and check the weather. If you have a leak, the pressure will go down even if the temperatures don’t.

 

How to Check Your Tire Pressure:

1. Locate the Factory Required PSI Values
2. Remove the Valve Stem Cap
3. Use the Air Pressure Gauge to Check PSI
4. Inspect the Air Pressure Gauge and Re-Test
5. Re-Install the Valve Stem Cap

 

#1 – Locate the Factory Required PSI Values

The optimal pressure for factory tires is located in both the owner’s manual and inside the car. On the driver’s door, there should be a sticker located about halfway down. Look at the part of the door that is covered when it’s closed (the edge).

You can also look at the tire itself. If you have installed after-market wheels or new tires, you definitely want to check the value on the tires, in addition to the owner’s manual. The PSI value can be located on the tire’s sidewall in very small print.

The number provided on the inside of the door will mostly likely differ from the number on the tire. That’s because the PSI on the inside of your door represents the ideal ride based on the car’s suspension and handling. The value on the tire sidewall is the maximum PSI value that the tire can hold. Anything more and you run the risk of a blowout on the street.

It’s always best to use the manufacturer’s recommended PSI when filling stock tires. However, some adjustment can be made for temperature. In cold weather, the pressure inside the tire drops a bit, and during hot weather, it increases. Because of this, you do need to check your pressure regularly.

Use the tire’s maximum pressure rating on the sidewall as a guideline during weather adjustments and also as a way to judge the correct pressure in custom wheels. The tires on most passenger vehicles range from 27 to 32 PSI while SUVs and trucks usually require 31 to 40 PSI.

 

A “Word of Caution” About Recommended PSI

The PSI values from the manufacturer are recommendations only. These values are not the maximum or minimum value for the tire pressure. Going with a lower PSI than recommended can provide traction on sand or snow while adding PSI can increase fuel efficiency.

However, you need to be careful if don’t follow the manufacturer’s recommendation. Lowering the tire pressure below the recommendation may decrease braking distances. Raising the tire pressure could cause uneven tire wear and increase braking distances.

EuroDrift recommends following the car and tire manufacturer values for PSI. The car manufacturer’s numbers are optimal for car handling. Never go above the tire manufacturer’s PSI numbers, or you might suffer a blowout. Keeping your pressure between the two for safety.

 

#2 – Remove the Valve Stem Cap

To remove the valve stem cap, simply unscrew it from the valve stem. The valve stem cap covers the valve stem to ensure there is no debris buildup in the stem. It is highly recommended that you have a valve stem cap on each tire as well as on your spare tire. If someone steals your valve stem cap, you can easily locate a replacement at any automotive retailer (i.e. Pep Boys).

 

#3 – Use the Air Pressure Gauge to Check PSI

To use the air pressure gauge, align the opening on the gauge over the valve stem. Press down firmly and evenly. This pushes the valve stem pin inward causing air to leak out through the stem and exert pressure on the gauge. You might hear a slight hissing noise as you engage the valve stem pin. However, if you have aligned the gauge correctly and pressed evenly, the noise should all but disappear.

If the reading is taken while air is leaking from the connection of the gauge and the stem, then it will not be correct. Realign the two if necessary and try again.

Depending on whether you have an electrical or mechanical air pressure gauge, the result could be different. An electrical pressure gauge provides you with a digital reading on the air pressure. The electrical pressure gauge is also more reliable than a mechanical gauge if it is calibrated correctly.

The mechanical gauge is more common and has been around for decades. A mechanical gauge uses the air pressure to move a rectangular prism within a cylinder at a distance that equates to PSI. For example, if there is 32 PSI in the tire then the air pressure will move the prism to the 32 PSI marker on the display.

 

#4 – Inspect the Air Pressure Gauge and Re-Test

To inspect the air pressure gauge value, simply read the display on an electronic gauge or inspect the line value on the mechanical gauge. The reading on the air gauge should make sense, and it is always a great idea to check multiple times. There is always the chance that the air pressure reading of the tire will be off due to human error. Simply not angling the gauge properly can cause the reading to be incorrect.

To make sure the tire PSI value is correct, test the PSI of the tire until the same reading is obtained two or three times. This way you can spot an erroneous reading. Differences in pressure readings could be due to human error, or it could be your gauge. Some tools are more accurate than others, and it could be that your air gauge is not working properly.

Consistent readings should indicate that you are measuring correctly and your equipment is working.

 

#5 – Re-Install the Valve Stem Cap

To reinstall the valve stem cap, simply screw the cap back onto the valve stem. Make sure that the cap isn’t loose but be careful not to overtighten the cap. Over-tightening the cap may strip the threads inside and possibly damage the stem.

You should check your tire pressure each time you fill the gas tank, before trips, or if you even think there might be a problem. You will know there is a problem when the car isn’t handling correctly. Look for bulging sidewalls or uneven wear on the treads. All of these are indicators that your pressure is not quite right.

It only takes a minute to check and adjust the tire pressure. Doing so just might save you from a blowout or an accident. Oh – and don’t forget to check the spare! It’s important to keep it aired up along with the other tires.

 

References
http://www.wikihow.com/Check-Air-Pressure-in-Tires
http://www.dmv.org/how-to-guides/check-tire-pressure.php

Audi of America New Product Open House 2015

In July of 2015, Audi of America showcased their newest vehicles to the Audi Club of North America, Northeast Sector. At the event, they unveiled the new Audi A3 Sportback e-tron, the Audi Q3, the Audi Q7, and the Audi TT Roadster.

For each model, a presentation of the vehicle was given by each of the corresponding product managers. Further, a spotlight was shown on the new and innovative technology features Audi incorporated into each of these cars. Based on the presentations, it is obvious that Audi plans to play competitively in an ever-changing market. Technology such as the new night vision system found in the Q7 was just one of the features seen at the event.

Audi Attendee Parking Lot - Audi of America New Product Open House 2015 - EuroDrift

Audi Attendee Parking Lot – Audi of America New Product Open House 2015

Audi Attendee Parking Lot - Audi of America New Product Open House 2015 - EuroDrift

Audi Attendee Parking Lot – Audi of America New Product Open House 2015

Above, the attendee parking lot contains multiple Audi vehicles, ranging from the Audi A4/S4 to the Audi A5/S5/RS5.  

 

The Audi A3 e-tron Boasts Zero Emissions

The primary selling point of the Audi A3 is that it’s a hybrid. The 1.4-liter gas engine cooperates with a water-cooled, three-phase AC electric generator for better gas efficiency. When the A3 Sportback e-tron is in hybrid mode, it can boast as much as 86 MPGe when you factor in EV driving.

Whether you prefer the slightly less expensive Audi A3 or the more sporty A3 Sporback, the e-tron promises to be a strong competitor in the hybrid market.

Below, the 2016 Audi A3 Sportback e-tron can be seen from multiple angles.

"<yoastmark

"<yoastmark

"<yoastmark

"<yoastmark

 

Mod Enthusiasts Turn to the Audi S3

At the show, the Audi S3 was displayed in the sporty color combinations of green and orange. This look suits the S3, which is a sporty car that pushes about 292 HP. The 2.0 TFSI engine and frame construction make the Audi S3 both lightweight and fast. Car tuners looking for a higher end car to modify will love the S3. Although it is in the lower level of the S-model range of cars, this particular vehicle could very likely develop a cult-like following among mod enthusiasts.

Below, the 2016 Audi S3 can be seen from multiple angles.

"<yoastmark

"<yoastmark

"<yoastmark

"<yoastmark

"<yoastmark

 

The Audi Q7 Undergoes a Complete Transformation

Audi completely switched up both the design and fabrication of the 2016 Audi Q7. The car is now being built on its own platform and sporting a whole new look.  On the front end, the grille is one of the biggest changes. This new grille design has been combined with the re-design of the headlights which contain both LED lights for daylight and nighttime driving. This new headlight technology is way ahead of industry standards.

The car has multiple cameras and sensors on the front and back that help with everything from cruise control to night vision and parking sensors.  One of the biggest technological features of the Q7 is the night vision sensor. When an object, such as a deer or pedestrian, is detected in front of the car, the brakes are automatically engaged. This technology could protect against life-threatening accidents at night when visibility is low.

New Technology Center

The rear of the Q7 has LED taillights and there is a new technology center inside the car. The technology center includes the new Audi computer software and a mouse pad style control. Lastly, the Q7 has third-row seating to allow up to seven passengers as well as an electronic tow hook that can be hidden away when not in use.

Below, the front of the 2016 Audi Q7 can be seen.

2016 Audi Q7 - Front - Audi of America New Product Open House - EuroDrift

2016 Audi Q7 – Front – Audi of America New Product Open House

 

The Audi TT Roadster

The design of the new Audi TT Roadster is based on the curves of the Audi R8.  Inside the vehicle, the seats have a beautiful cross-stitch pattern which adds to the overall appeal. Another big change inside the car is that the navigation screen is now behind the steering wheel with the speedometer and tachometer. This allows the driver to keep their eyes on the road while using the screen.

The new headlights and front-end replicate the R8 and take the TT to another level of sporty design. The fenders stick out on the sides providing it a sportier look. The back has the typical TT shape, but with some minor changes such as the taillights. This new TT comes with the 2.0 TFSI motor used in Audi’s newer models.

Transmission

Despite the fact that this small coupe delivers on horsepower, a standard Audi TT cannot be bought with a manual transmission. The small two-seater only comes with Quattro all-wheel drive and a six-speed, automatic transmission.

Below, tthe 2016 Audi TT Roadster can be seen from multiple angles.

"<yoastmark

"<yoastmark

"<yoastmark

"<yoastmark

"<yoastmark

 

Audi continues to give competitors such as BMW and Mercedes-Benz a run for their money. Without a doubt, their German engineering is both innovative and reliable. The luxuries they offer make Audi the perfect vehicle for those purchasing in the mid-range market. As exhibited at the New Product Show, Audi hopes to draw consumers with cutting-edge technology and sportier designs.

The Audi A3 Sportback e-tron will lead Audi into the world of hybrid vehicles, while the other models will certainly appeal to both families and Sportster enthusiasts.

 

Audi A3 e-tron Brochure

http://audilibrary.audiusa.com/viewer/brochures/16/en_US.audi.Brochures.2016.etron/

Pin It on Pinterest